10 Lines on Niger River

Niger River is the main river of Western Africa. It is the third longest river in Africa after Nile and Congo rivers. There is a belief that Niger River has been named by the Greeks. It is also known by several other names including “Joliba” which means ‘Great River’.

The Niger River is relatively clear and carries lesser amount of sediment i.e. approximately 10 percent of the sediment.

The water of the river mostly remains clear as it originates from the old rocks and does not carries much slits from the areas and is very suitable for irrigation and fishing purpose.

Niger River runs by forming crescent through Guinea, Mali, Niger and shares the border with Benin and then it enters into Nigeria and falls into Gulf of Guinea.

Ten Lines on Niger River in English

We have provided ten lines on Niger River in English for class 3, class 4, class 5 and class 6. After reading these lines you will know that what is Niger River, how Niger River got its name, from where Niger River originates, which countries Niger River touches, what is the length and catchment area of Niger River, which are the tributaries of Niger River, which cities are located on the banks of Niger River, what is the flood period of Niger River etc.

You can add these lines in your essays and paragraph writing in your exam as well as in the school competition. It will support your essays on Niger River as well as related topics like Niger River facts, Niger River history, Niger River delta, how long is Niger River or few lines on Niger River.

10 Lines on Niger River – Set 1

1) Niger is the major river of Western Africa and it is the third longest river of Africa.

2) It is said that Niger River has got its name from the Latin word for black.

3) The Niger River is almost a clear river which carries ten percent of the sediment.

4) The river originates from guinea highlands located in South-Eastern Guinea.

5) Niger River has a crescent shape and it goes through Guinea, Mali, Niger etc areas.

6) It finally reaches the sea at large delta called as Niger delta, part of oil rivers.

7) The length of Niger River is 4180 km and the catchment area is 2,117,700 square km.

8) The tributaries which belong to Niger River are Alibori, Sirba, Tinkisso, Milo etc rivers.

9) Cities which are located on the banks of Niger River are Timbuktu, Bamako, Niamey etc.

10) Niger River gets flooded every year which starts from September and finishes in May.


We have provided another set of ten points on Niger River for class 9, class 10, class 11 and class 12. After going through these points, you will find that which river is the third in Africa, from where Niger River flows, where Niger River falls finally, what are the other names of Niger River, how much percent of Niger River is sedimented, what is the extension of Niger River basin, what varieties of fishes are found in Niger River, which dams are built on Niger River etc.

You can use these lines in your speeches and extempore in the school competitions. These lines will also increase your knowledge on Niger River and it will also be very useful in your seminars as well as in your GK quiz competitions.

10 Lines on Niger River – Set 2

1) The Niger River is the major river which flows in western part of Africa and is the third longest river of Africa apart from Nile and Congo rivers.

2) It flows in a form of crescent through guinea, Mali, Niger and shares the border with Benin and then it flows into Nigeria through oil rivers.

3) The source of Niger River is located in Guinea Islands in South-Eastern Guinea and discharges through Niger delta into Gulf of Guinea in Atlantic Ocean.

4) The two nations Niger and Nigeria are named after Niger River and the people living near it call it as “Jeliba” or “Joliba”.

5) Niger River is quiet and clear river with having only 10 percent of sediment in comparison to Nile River as the river’s source are old rock mountains.

6) Niger River gets flooded every year from September and becomes strongest in November and finishing in May.

7) The Niger delta extends for approximately 150 miles from north to south and spreads along the coast for about 200 miles with overall area of 14000 square miles.

8) Together with all the tributaries the Niger River covers a total area of approximately 19,00,000 square km and considered as the lifeline of western Africa.

9) Many varieties of fishes are found in Niger River and its tributaries like Catfish, Carp and Nile Perch.

10) Dams and hydroelectric plants are also built on Niger River like the Selingue Dam which is used for hydropower and irrigation.

Niger River is often regarded as lifeline of West Africa. Communities and people living besides the river are heavily dependent on Niger River, since it gives them environmental products and services such as fish and raw materials. It is also used for irrigation and transportation purposes. Various dams and hydroelectric projects have been built on Niger River like Selingue Dam, Kainji Dam, Jebba Dam etc providing electricity to the people.