Gandhi Jayanti is an Indian event to be celebrated annually. It is one of the three national festivals of India which are Republic Day, Independence Day and Gandhi Jayanti. It falls every year on the 2nd of October. Gandhi Jayanti is observed in the entire nation, irrespective of the regional, religious, or any other boundary, and people from every part of India celebrate it with the same enthusiasm and spirit.
Gandhi Jayanti 2021
Like other years, Gandhi Jayanti is expected to be celebrated with huge interest by the people in the year 2021. This year, this sacred event is falling on Friday with its 151st anniversary. Friday is already considered to be a very religious day of the week, and falling on the same day of Gandhi Jayanti will increase the spirituality in the atmosphere with a great margin.
Why Do We Celebrate 2 October
Gandhi Jayanti is a historic and inspirational event of India. It is related to Mahatma Gandhi, also known as the ‘Father of the Nation’. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was the complete name of Mahatma Gandhi, and he was born on the 2nd of October 1869. He was a great revolutionary leader and a freedom fighter of India who sacrificed his life for his nation. It is said that freedom was achieved because the nation was then led by the great Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.
Whatever Gandhi Ji did for India was unprecedented. He was a true legend and a man of iron will. It was his love for his nation and his people that made India celebrate his birth anniversary every year as ‘Gandhi Jayanti’. He was a real warrior and that is what makes it important to celebrate his birth anniversary every year as a national celebration throughout the nation.
How is it Celebrated in India?
Since Gandhi Jayanti is a national festival of India, there must be a grand celebration of the occasion. It is celebrated with zest by the people in entire India. On this auspicious occasion, people from all around the world, especially those who are a follower of Mahatma Gandhi, gather at Raj-Ghat where Mahatma Gandhi was cremated after his death. People there lay garlands and flowers on Mahatma Gandhi and pay tribute to him. They also play the favourite song of Mahatma Gandhi ‘Raghupati Raghav Raja Ram’.
On the statues of Mahatma Gandhi in cities and towns, people gather and pay him homage. Some prominent people and political and religious leaders deliver some speeches depicting the things about Mahatma Gandhi that inspire us. They also pledge to follow his path of truth and non-violence.
The students in schools, colleges, and other academic institutions celebrate the day on a grand level. They prepare a speech and deliver it so that they can express their opinions about the greatest leader of the nation. Some organizations also launch a quiz, essay, speech, poem, or drawing competition for students.
Objectives of Celebrating the Event
Since Gandhi Jayanti is a national celebration, there are various reasons why it is very important to celebrate every year and by the people of every religion and community.
By celebrating this auspicious occasion, we remember such a great freedom fighter of India who brought independence for us without any violence. Though we can’t give him anything, the best thing we can do for him now is to remember him and keep him in our memories. The celebration of Gandhi Jayanti is also a medium to inspire the young generation by telling them about the father of the nation.
On Gandhi Jayanti, we also receive inspiration from him to always be punctual and complete our work on time. His lifestyle also teaches us to adopt simple living but higher thinking for ourselves.
Gandhi Jayanti is the celebration of the commemoration of a royal Indian leader who changed the destiny of the nation. Observing his birth anniversary is the greatest tribute that we can give to Mahatma Gandhi. By celebrating Gandhi Jayanti, the entire nation gets filled with the spirit of nationalism. They live this whole day with the same thoughts and pledge to serve the nation like ‘Bapu’.
By paying homage to Mahatma Gandhi on the day, we pay homage to all the freedom fighters of the nation. It is also a great day to tell the nation how the nation and its patriots struggled for the independence of India. By telling the stories of Mahatma Gandhi to the young generation, we can inspire them to serve their nation and tell them that simple living can also be a great way of living.
On Gandhi Jayanti, people forget their regional, religious boundaries and stand together to tribute the great nation builder. Even people also forget their social status and celebrate standing on the same platform. Even there are many global countries where the followers of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi reside, and they also celebrate Gandhi Jayanti making it a global celebration.
A Short Biography of Mahatma Gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi was a great Indian freedom fighter and a revolutionary leader. He was born on the 2nd of October 1869 in Porbandar city of Gujarat state in India. His father was Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi and mother Putlibai Gandhi. The complete name of Mahatma Gandhi was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He was a shy and average student in education during his school days. He married to Kasturba Gandhi in 1883 when he was barely 13-14 years old.
For earning his degree in Law, he headed for London on 4 September 1888. After the death of his mother, he returned Indian in 1891 while he had completed his degree in law. He started practicing in Bombay in order to serve the nation. In 1983, he went to South Africa to polish his skill in advocacy. There he faced racial discrimination by the Britishers. He returned to India in 1915 to see the poor condition of Indians in their country. He joined the Indian National Congress to be an influential political personality.
He started his freedom struggle from Champaran Satyagrah on 19 April 1917. In the next year, he started Kheda Satyagrah as the second step in the Indian freedom struggle. In the year 1919, he started to the major movement of Indian freedom struggle, Khilafat Movement, and the Non-Cooperation Movement.
His Salt Satyagrah from 12 March to 6 April 1930 proved to be a major step against the British Government to make India an independent nation. He was a prominent personality of Round-Table Conferences and a leader of the Quit India Movement in 1942.
After the successful independence of India on 15 August 1947, he died because of assassination by Nathuram Godse on 30 January 1948. His ashes were cremated at Raj-Ghat in New Delhi.
Principles and Beliefs of Mahatma Gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi was a man of principles and beliefs. He lived a simple yet much-disciplined life. He was punctual and never had become late on any occasion. It was the Truth and Non –Violence that powered him through his life and that he always wore in his personality. Neither he neither practiced violence ever nor supported to have it.
He wrote his biography with the name ‘My Experiment with Truth’ in which he has described well the things that we can do with the truth. Apart from truth and non-violence, he also believed in social welfare. It was his goal in every social activity and all the movements that he led throughout his life. He followed ‘Bahujan Hitay Bahujan Sukhay’. It means the welfare of all and happiness for all.
Gandhi Ji was always in support of demanding for what is our right. He always fought for the rights of the individuals but he never supported violence for it. He had searched a peaceful way for it called ‘Satyagrah’. Through his Satyagraha, he told the world that the greatest thing in the world can be obtained peacefully as well. Gandhi Ji was also a strong supporter of cleanliness and hygiene for which, the government of India launched the ‘Swachh Bharat Mission’ on the occasion of Gandhi Jayanti in 2015.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was a man of people. The huge gathering of people in his funeral proved that he was the dearest of all. On Gandhi Jayanti, we get the best opportunity to tell the world what Mahatma Gandhi had done for the nation and why we should celebrate this fortunate occasion.