Mahatma Gandhi’s real name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He was also called Bapu and known as the father of the nation. He was a great freedom fighter and an Indian political leader. He was well known for his policy of truth and non-violence.
Short and Long Paragraphs on Mahatma Gandhi
Paragraph 1 - 100 Words
Mahatma Gandhi is known as the father of the nation. He was a great freedom fighter. His policy of non-violence played an important role in India’s freedom. He inspired many civil rights movements in India and across the world. The title “Mahatma” was given to him in South Africa in 1914.
Mahatma Gandhi was a lawyer by profession. He worked as a lawyer for Indians working in South Africa. He fought for their civil rights and against discrimination. He fought for the voting rights of Indians in Africa. Mahatma Gandhi returned to India in 1915 and became the most popular freedom fighter and political leader.
Paragraph 2 - 120 Words
Mahatma Gandhi’s real name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He was also fondly called “Bapu” in India. Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2nd October 1869. His birthday is celebrated as Gandhi Jayanti. It is a national holiday and schools and offices are closed.
People talk about his contribution to the freedom struggle. Gandhiji was the greatest freedom fighter of all time. Gandhiji was also the President of the Indian National Congress. He fought for women rights, rights of the poor and untouchables.
He was the first Indian leader to raise the voice for ‘Swaraj’ or ‘Self Rule’. Throughout his political life, he wore only a simple dhoti made from khadi. He introduced “Charkha” as a revolutionary measure to make the villages self-sustainable.
Paragraph 3 - 150 Words
Mahatma Gandhi, also called ‘Bapu’ was an Indian political leader and freedom fighter. His popularity earned him the title ‘father of the nation’. He was loved and respected by all religious communities. He fought tirelessly for making India free from the British.
Gandhiji was active in Indian politics for over thirty years. He was also known for a simple living style and his ability to undertake long fasts. Before coming to India, Gandhiji was a civil rights activist in South Africa.
Gandhi headed the 400 Km Dandi salt march or Namak Satyagraha in 1930. He also formed the ‘Quit India Movement’ in 1942. Many times Gandhiji was put behind bars for his role in the freedom struggle.
His policy of ‘truth and non-violence’ was a great hit. It not only inspired freedom movements in India but also across the world. His birthday on 2nd October is also celebrated as the ‘International Day of Nonviolence’.
Paragraph 4 - 200 Words
Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2nd October 1869, in Porbandar, Gujarat. His father Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi served as a Diwan (Chief Minister) of the state of Porbandar. As a child, Gandhiji was very playful and restless. His sister described him as always willing to play and roaming around.
In his childhood, Gandhiji was greatly influenced by the story of Raja Harishchandra and Shravan Kumar. Harishchandra became his role model and Gandhi had admitted that he tried several times to act on the former’s principles. Gandhiji’s commitment to truth and non-violence was largely inspired by the epic stories of Harishchandra and Shravan Kumar.
Gandhiji’s mother Putlibai had also a great influence on his thoughts and beliefs. She was an extremely religious woman who never ate without bathing and performing puja. She told stories of mythological characters to Gandhi. She also undertook fasts continuously for two to three days.
Gandhiji also developed an ability to fast, from his mother. Gandhiji’s early schooling was done at Rajkot. He was a shy and mediocre student. He would spend most of his time reading books. Gandhi wanted to become a lawyer and so he went to the Inner Temple in London to study law.
Paragraph 5 - 250 Words
Mahatma Gandhi was the most popular freedom fighter and political leader of India. He initiated many freedom movements and rallied for the rights of farmers and untouchables. He was the main figure in the Indian freedom struggle. He was so much respected that he was called ‘Bapu’ or ‘father’ in India. He is also called ‘Father of the Nation’. Gandhiji’s fight for the rights of suppressed began in South Africa.
On reaching South Africa, he was thrown out of a train, just because of his skin color. That time South Africa was a British colony. Gandhiji fought against the discrimination of Indians and native blacks in South Africa. Gandhiji worked as a popular civil rights activist in South Africa for nearly 21 years.
After fighting for Civil Rights in South Africa, Gandhi returned to India in 1915. His popularity in South Africa made him an instant hero in India. Indian politicians started calling him for meetings and gatherings. He soon became a member of the Indian National Congress and later its national president. He was also very close to Jawaharlal Nehru, who became the first Prime Minister of India after independence.
Gandhi was a political mentor and advisor of Nehru. There was a time when the two were the most powerful among the cadres of the Indian National Congress. Vowing his policy of non-violence, Gandhiji refused to prevent the hanging of Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, and Rajguru.
Gandhiji was shot dead on 30th January 1948 at Birla House, New Delhi by Nathuram Godse. Godse thought that Gandhi had been too courteous towards Muslims, both during and after partition. Godse was also disturbed by Gandhiji’s fast unto death, for pressurizing the Indian Government to pay Rs 55 crore to Pakistan.
FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions
Ans. Mahatma Gandhi’s original name is Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.
Ans. Rabindranath Tagore gave Gandhiji the title of Mahatma.
Ans. Subhash Chandra Bose called Mahatma Gandhi Bapu.
Ans. Non-cooperation movement, Quit India Movement and Dandi March are some famous movements of Mahatma Gandhi.
Ans. Mahatma Gandhi fought against Aparthedism in South Africa.