India is a very large country with many languages, cultures, traditions, and festivals. Some festivals are celebrated in the east and some in the west. But some of them are celebrated together all over the country, are our national festivals. There are three national festivals of India. The first one is the Republic Day, which is celebrated on 26th January, the second one is the Independence Day which is celebrated on 15th August and the third one is the birth anniversary of Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi on 2nd October.
Short and Long Paragraphs on National Festivals of India
Paragraph 1 - 100 Words
There are three national festivals of India. They are 26th January, which is celebrated on the occasion of implementation of our constitution in the year 1950. The second is 15th August which is celebrated on the occasion of independence, which we got in the year 1947. The third one is Gandhi Jayanti which is celebrated on the occasion of the birth anniversary of Gandhiji.
On 26th January our President hoist the flag on Rajpath, Delhi. Whereas on Independence Day, it is our Prime Minister who hoists the flag on Red Fort. On the occasion of Gandhi Jayanti, we celebrate the week as “Swachhta Saptah” to promote cleanliness.
Paragraph 2 - 150 Words
Some special events are called national festivals and these festivals are celebrated by the entire nation. Holi is celebrated in the northern part of India whereas Pongal is celebrated in the southern part, but festivals like Republic Day, Independence Day and Gandhi Jayanti are celebrated by the entire nation. These days a strong sense of patriotism and nationalism can be easily seen among people.
Republic Day is celebrated on 26th January, while Independence Day is celebrated on 15th August and Gandhi Jayanti on 2nd October. The importance of each day is different as 26th January is celebrated because of the implementation of our constitution on this day in the year 1950. 15th August is celebrated because we got our independence on this day in the year 1947. It is a gazetted holiday on these days by the Government of India. People celebrate these occasions by hoisting the flag and playing patriotic songs and organizing various cultural events.
Paragraph 3 - 200 Words
India is very well known for its culture and tradition and there are different festivals celebrated in different parts of the nation. But some of the festivals are celebrated together, where the entire nation unites and celebrates. These festivals are our national festivals, which are Independence Day, Republic Day, and Gandhi Jayanti.
Each day has its own significance to justify the title, like Independence Day is celebrated on the occasion of Independence. India got its independence in the year 1947. Whereas Republic Day is celebrated on the occasion of implementation of our constitution, which was done on 26th January 1950. The third one is Gandhi Jayanti; it is celebrated on the occasion of birth anniversary of Gandhiji which is on 2nd of October.
These festivals are celebrated by the entire nation with a strong feeling of patriotism. On the occasion of Republic Day, there is a grand event organized in the capital of the nation. Where our President hoists the flag and the celebration is followed by a grand celebration; various cultural events are organized and students from various states perform on the Rajpath. On Independence Day it's our Prime Minister who hoists the flag on Red fort. In this way, we celebrate our national festivals.
Paragraph 4 - 250 Words
Every festival has its own glory and way of celebration. Diwali is known as the festival of lights, whereas Holi is known for its colour. Similarly, there are some festivals that develop the feeling of patriotism and Nationalism among people; these festivals are our national festivals. National festivals are celebrated by the entire nation. There is no discrimination among people, about their caste and religion. Either it is a Hindu or a Muslim all together celebrate these national festivals.
What are our National Festivals?
Those festivals which we celebrate together without discriminating people as per their religion can be defined as national festivals. There are three national festivals of India. The first one is Republic Day, the second one is Independence Day and the third one is Gandhi Jayanti. They all have special historical significance.
Why do we Celebrate our National Festivals?
- Republic Day is celebrated on the occasion of implementation of Indian Constitution. It is celebrated on 26th January. It was celebrated for the first time in the year 1950.
- India got its independence on 15th August 1947 and every year we celebrate our Independence Day on the same day to remember the victory among British who rules us for more than 150 years.
- The third one is Gandhi Jayanti; he was born on 2 October 1863. He was also known as “Father of the Nation” and we celebrate his birth anniversary to pay our tribute to him and remember his thoughts of Satya and Ahimsa.
National festivals are celebrated by the entire nation; which fills the feeling of patriotism among people. The historical importance of these three days are very important and we pay our tribute to those who lost their lives in the battle of independence.
Paragraph 5 - 300 Words
India is a secular country and is very well known for its vivid cultural and traditional heritage. A country where we even worship trees and animals and celebrate various festivals, in such a nation how we can forget the sacrifice of our ancestors. There are three national festivals of Indian naming - Republic Day, Independence Day, and Gandhi Jayanti. Let’s have detailed information about these days below.
Historical Importance of Independence Day
India got its independence on 15th August 1947. The day was important because we got free form British rule, who ruled us for 200 years. Many people lost their lives in the battle of freedom. To remember their contribution and sacrifice we celebrate this day. On this day our Prime Minister hoists the flag on Red Fort, Delhi. Some cultural events are also organized on this occasion and in this way the entire nation celebrates this festival.
Republic Day and Its Importance
Republic day is celebrated on 26th January. The day is special because our constitution was implemented on this day. It was 1950 when we got our constitution. After independence, it became necessary to have our own constitution to run the nation. It is very necessary to have certain rules and regulations for the development of a nation and to maintain harmony among people.
Every year our President hoist the flag on Rajpath, Delhi and various cultural events are also organized on this occasion. Various awards like Padma Shri, Param Veer Chakra, etc. are distributed by our President on this occasion. The entire nation celebrates this occasion with great enthusiasm.
Gandhiji was born on 2 October 1869. He was a great writer, social reformer, barrister, etc. He bought Hindus and Muslims together. He worked on casteism and many other taboos. It was Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, who called him “Father of the Nation”. We celebrate his birth anniversary to remember his thoughts of Satya and Ahimsa.
There are three national festivals of India and there is a gazetted holiday on all these days. People across the nation celebrate these days with a strong feeling of nationalism. Various cultural events are organized in schools and colleges. Children take part in these events and celebrate these days.
FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions
Ans. There are 3 national festivals in India, Republic Day, Independence Day and Gandhi Jayanti.
Ans. Yes, there is a holiday on these days and every organization and institution is supposed to be closed.
Ans. 26th January (Republic Day), 15th August (Independence Day) and 2nd October (Gandhi Jayanti).
Ans. National festivals unite the country and are celebrated by the whole country.