Lohri is very famous Punjabi folk festival celebrated in India during the winter time. Celebrated mostly by Hindus and Sikhs, lohri salutes the passing of the midwinter. It actually marks the end of winter season and signals the beginning of the new farming season. People of India celebrate the festival with full zest and enthusiasm and they also thank sun god for the abundance of farm harvests in the previous year.
People generally from northern parts of India including the regions of Punjab, Haryana, Himanchal and Uttar Pradesh celebrate this festival in unique manner. They would lit bonfire, perform dance, sing folk song and pray to the god with the belief of prosperity to all.
Ten Lines on Lohri Festival
For Class 1
1) Lohri falls in the month of January every year on 13th signifying the end of winter season and also as a mark when sun changes its direction.
2) Some people believe that Lohri word is derived from Loi, who was wife of famous Sant Kabir.
3) Ancient Hindu festival Lohri has folklore linked to it. Dulla Bhatti who was regarded as hero in Punjab during reign of Mughals is the main theme of Lohri song.
4) Lohri festival symbolizes energy and warmth and has the religious significance.
5) Lohri signifies the fresh starts when it comes to the harvesting of crops.
6) The day when Lohri is celebrated is considered to be very auspicious in Hinduism as Sun brings more energy and warmth to planet earth by changing its course.
8) Sugarcane harvest celebrated in Lohri festival yields lot of by products like gurh and gazak which people eat a lot during the celebration time.
9) Traditional food items like Sarson da saag with Makki di roti, jaggery, nuts, radish are consumed by large amount of population during this festival.
10) In various places in Punjab young age people collect items like logs for bonfire, grains from localities a week in advance for the celebration. In the evening of the Lohri people gather around bonfire and throw the harvested seeds, grains in to the fire and chant "aadar aye dilather jaye" which means peace and prosperity to all.
For Class 2
1) The collection of til, sweet, gazak, sugar crystal, popcorn by children during day time from many localities is known as Lohri.
2) Lohri collected during the day time is finally distributed in night and then thrown in to fire (bonfire) representing the end of previous year and beginning of the New Year.
3) In some parts of Punjab, people use cow dung and woods to prepare bonfire. They sit around bonfire, sing, dance and prey to the fire till it dies out.
4) Hindus offer milk and water around the bonfire and pray to sun god for prosperity and health.
5) Sindhi community celebrate this festival with name Lal Loi.
6) The night (13th January) on which the festival is celebrated is considered to be the coldest and longest night of entire year.
7) There are many famous lohri songs to express gratitude to Dulla Bhatti - Robin Hood of Punjab during reign of Mughals.
8) According to ancient hindu mythology, Lohiri was considered as sister of holika. While holika perished in the fire, lohiri survived with nephew Prahalad.
9) Pongal, Bihu, Bhogi are the festivals celebrated in other parts of India which coincide with Lohiri.
10) People eat til and rorhi on the auspicious occasion of Lohri. It is believed that words til and rorhi merged to become tilorhi which further got shortened to lohri.
For Class 3
1) Lohri is one of the major festivals of Punjab which is celebrated on 13th January every year.
2) It is also celebrated to welcome the arrival of new season and marking the end of the cold and intense winter season.
3) Lohri also signifies the harvesting season in Punjab which people celebrate by lighting bonfire and singing and dancing around it.
4) People offer sweets made of til (sesame seed) and jaggery to the bonfire and pray for their prosperity and happiness.
5) Lohri is the festival of happiness and joy and celebrated with folk dances, folk songs, music etc.
6) The first Lohri after marriage and birth of child is celebrated in a grand way and people offer gifts and pray for the prosperity of the family.
7) The delicacies mostly consist of vegetarian food especially made up of til, jaggery, nuts etc and served with ‘makke ki roti’ (corn bread) and ‘sarso ka saag’ (green mustard dish).
8) Many fairs or ‘melas’ are organised on the occasion of Lohri especially in Punjab and Haryana which is visited by local as well as foreign tourists also.
9) The next day after Lohri is ‘Maghi’ where people take a holy dip in rivers and offer prayers to god for their prosperity.
10) Lohri is the celebration of harvesting season and spreads happiness, togetherness and harmony and celebrated across the nation with different names and customs.
Many farmers from northern part of India consider Lohri festival as beginning of financial New Year because traditionally revenue from winter crops was collected during the month of January since 19th Century. In many of the houses lohri marks the new beginning, if someone recently had a childbirth or marriage.
The occasion is considered to be very auspicious for the family and lot of rituals are performed with special songs. People especially from Punjab would enjoy this festival a lot by wearing brightest cloths and performing bhangra to the beat of dhol.