“Jallianwala Bagh massacre” was an incident from Indian history which ignited both sorrows and passion for independence adding fuel to the Indian freedom struggle. The incident which is still the most tragic in the history of India gave birth to more determined revolutionaries, some of whom like Saheed Bhagat Singh still kindle patriotism in millions of Indians.
Ten Lines on Jallianwalan Bagh Massacre
1) Jallianwala Bagh Massacre took place on 13 April 1919 at Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar.
2) Defence of India Regulation Act 1915 and Rowlett Act 1919 raised political and social unrest among Indians.
3) Indian freedom fighters generally showed disagreement for Rowlett’s Act.
4) On 12 April 1919, protest leader Hansraj held a meeting at Jallianwala Bagh the next day.
5) On 13 April, the British government forced a curfew and then martial law in Jallianwala Bagh.
6) The Martial suspended the communication and also prohibited public gathering.
7) By the evening of 13 April, nearly 25000 people have gathered at Jallianwala Bagh.
8) Colonel Reginald Dyer did not try to peacefully disperse the crowd, despite being aware of the gathering.
9) Troops, on the order of Colonel Dyer, secured all the exits and started firing on the escaping protesters.
10) Official estimates put the number of dead to 379, while in actual there were nearly 2000 casualties.
1) Jallianwala Bagh Massacre of 1919 is one of the most important incidents of India history.
2) People gathered on Vaishakhi at Jallianwala Bagh for the peaceful protest.
3) The protest demanded the release of two arrested leaders - Dr. Satya Pal and Saifuddin Kitchlew.
4) Colonel Reginald Dyer blocked all the exits and opened fire on the people peacefully gathered at the Jallianwala Bagh.
5) Many people tried to escape the attack by jumping into the well and trying to climb the already closed gates.
6) The British soldiers fired around 1650 within 10 minutes.
7) This incident fuelled the anger of Indians and led to the Non-Cooperation Movement of 1920-1922.
8) Every year on 13th April, people gather at Jallianwala Bagh to commemorate the sacrifice of the martyrs.
9) The bullet marks are still there today on the walls of the Jallianwala Bagh.
10) Jallianwala Bagh was one of the deadliest massacres in the history of mankind.
1) The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre took place in a public garden named Jallianwala Bagh located in Amritsar, Punjab in India.
2) It was a turning point in the Indian independence struggle.
3) The brutal massacre targeted the religious and political gathering of Indians.
4) The number of killed and wounded people is still not clear as many different reports provide different data.
5) It presents the brutality and cruelty of the contemporary British Government for Indians.
6) The House of Lords applauded General Dyer, but The House of Commons seriously criticized him for this merciless act.
7) The open Fire in Massacre continued for 10 minutes and ended when the army troops nearly ran out of ammunition.
8) Many civilians ran towards a deep well located in the centre of the garden and jumped to death in it.
9) The British Government tried to hide the massacre and accurate data, but he failed, and the news spread worldwide.
10) Indian laureate Ravindra Nath Tagore and other famous Indian personalities later criticized the heinous act.
1) On 13th April 1919, it was the day of an important festival of ‘Vaishakhi’.
2) The people gathered in Jallianwala Bagh to celebrate Vaishakhi and peacefully protest against British Governments.
3) At that time in the British Government, the general assembly or gathering of civilians was not allowed.
4) General Reginald Dyer had 90 soldiers in his troop consisting Sikhs, Gorkha, Rajput and Baluchi soldiers.
5) The well in Jallianwala Bagh had 120 dead bodies of Indians right after the Massacre.
6) The Jallianwala Bagh had only one main exit gate, so many of the civilians died of stampede while trying to get through.
7) After the Massacre, General Dyer once stated that he had done it intentionally and had no regret of it.
8) A trust purchased the site of Jallianwala Bagh and redecorated it in memorial of the martyrs.
9) One can visit the site today and find the clear marks of those bullets on the walls.
10) On 13th April 2019, Indian observed the 100th anniversary of Jallianwala Bagh Massacre.
The massacre that occurred at Jallianwala Bagh could not have happened if India had self-rule or “Swaraj”. The reason primarily responsible for the massacre was India’s subjugation under the British Empire. Jallianwala Bagh massacre taught us the importance of independence. It is possible only by having self-rule that we will be able to protect the interest of our people and country.