Hitopadesha is an Indian text which was originally written in Sanskrit and consists of small fables especially for the children. The stories of Hitopadesha are told by the animals as well as humans characters. Hitopadesha is one of the exceptions that animals can also speak and can talk to humans in the human language. The purpose of composing Hitopadesha is to make the children wise and also to make them aware of how to act wisely in the world.
Originally written by Narayana, Hitopadesha is distributed into four categories which represent a definite aspect of everybody’s life like enemy, friends, war, and peace.
Ten Lines on Hitopadesha
1) Hitopadesha is an Indian text which has the collection of short stories in Sanskrit.
2) Hitopadesha consists of fables that have both animals as well as human characters.
3) Similar to Panchatantra, Hitopadesha is also written in the pattern of prose and verse.
4) Stories of Hitopadesha are written in a reader-friendly way and easy to understand.
5) Hitopadesha is formed as, “Hita” means benefit and “Upadesha” means useful advice.
6) Hitopadesha is a collection of stories which are full of beneficial advice to the humans
7) Origin of Hitopadesha is unknown, it is said that the stories were written in 12th century.
8) The stories of Hitopadesha are believed to be written in the 12th century similar to Panchatantra.
9) Till now Hitopadesha is still very much popular among the children in every household.
10) The stories of Hitopadesha help children to develop into responsible and mature adults.
Set - 2
1) Hitopadesha is an ancient Indian text written in the Sanskrit language.
2) It is composed of animal and human fables.
3) The origin of this text is not well known.
4) It is assumed to have been written in the 12th century.
5) A manuscript of Hitopadesha has been found in Nepal.
6) It was written in the 14th century and the writing style was similar to Panchatantra.
7) Narayan Pandit is considered to be the author of Hitopadesha.
8) Every fable of Hitopadesha ends with a moral lesson.
9) The creation of this work aims to enhance excellence in Sanskrit expressions.
10) It also focuses on learning to behave in a wise manner.
Set - 3
1) Hitopadesha is regarded as one of the oldest Indian texts.
2) This literature is the same like Panchatantra.
3) It literally means 'Beneficial Advice'.
4) Hitopadesha has been translated into different languages.
5) The language of the text is very simple and effective to understand.
6) It teaches us worldly wisdom and gives us advice on different political affairs.
7) Hitopadesha is categorized into four books.
8) Prastavika is the name given to the preface of the books.
9) The longest version of Hitopadesha consists of 749 verses.
10) There are only 655 verses in the shortest version of Hitopadesha.
1) Hitopadesha is a famous Indian text which is written in the Sanskrit language which consists of fables having both animal and human characters.
2) Hitopadesha is composed of Narayan Pandit where it has its origin over a few thousand years ago i.e. in the 12th century; the oldest manuscript found in Nepal is of 14th century.
3) Hitopadesha is more or less regarded very similar to Panchatantra; Hitopadesha is also written in the same pattern of prose and verbs, to make it like the same as Panchatantra.
4) The purpose of composing Hitopadesha is to increase the proficiency of Sanskrit as well as to develop the knowledge of wise behavior.
5) Hitopadesha is decided into four chapters, there is a preface section is known as “Prastavika”, the opening verses expresses gratitude for goddess Saraswati and Lord Ganesh.
6) The book 1 of Hitopadesha is named “Mitralabha” which means how to gain a friend; this chapter suggests that good people find good friends.
7) The book 2 of Hitopadesha is named “Suhrdbheda” which means how to lose a friend; this chapter tells that misunderstanding can end a strong friendship bond.
8) The book 3 of Hitopadesha is named as “Vigraha” which means war, this chapter suggests that the situation of war evokes out due to greediness, wicked people, etc.
9) The book 4 of Hitopadesha is named as “Sandhi’ which means peace, this chapter suggests that peace can be achieved if one could seek his own behavior.
10) Hitopadesha is still very much popular among the children of all the ages, the stories of Hitopadesha helps children to develop the qualities of a responsible person.
Hitopadesha is considered as the text which is equal to Panchatantra, it also tells the story in a simple way and where the central character is the animal who can speak human language. This effort was done in order to make the children become wise and learn how to handle situations in life. Hitopadesha gives knowledge to the children about what is good and what is bad, how to identify and refuse bad and accept the good things in our life.