Election Commission of India is the electoral agency of India which is entrusted with the responsibility of conducting and supervising fair and transparent election process for various public offices. The agency conducts elections for Rajya Sabha, Lok Sabha, Legislative Assemblies and Council as well as President and Vice President of India.
It regulates and administers certain rules and guidelines during an election in the country and supervises the overall electoral process. It also recognizes the status of the regional and national political parties and allocates them their election symbols to contest for the election. Election Commission of India is also responsible for drawing up the territorial boundaries of the constituencies and updating them every 10 years.
Ten Lines on Election Commission of India
1) The Election Commission of India is an autonomous body that is responsible for supervising the electoral process in the country.
2) The elections which are administered by the Election Commission of India include Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha, Legislative Council, Assemblies, and President and Vice President.
3) The commission was established on 25th January 1950 with an aim to conduct free and fair elections in the country.
4) The members of Election Commission of India are mostly the retired officers from Indian Administrative or Revenue Services.
5) The commission comprises of three members consisting of two Election Commissioners and one Chief Election Commissioner.
6) Sukumar Sen was the first Chief Election Commissioner of India who served office from 21st March 1950 to 19th December 1958.
7) Smt. VS Ramadevi was the first women Chief Election Commissioner of India and served office from 26th November 1990 to 11th December 1990.
8) The tenure of the Election Commissioner and Chief Election Commissioner is of 6 years and till the age of 65 years.
9) The appointment of the Chief Electoral Officer, District Electoral Officer, Returning Officer and Electoral Registration Officer is done by the Election Commission of India.
10) Election Commission of India plays a crucial role in the establishment and functioning of democracy in India through free and fair elections.
1) Election Commission of India (ECI) is the highest election authority of India to conduct free and fair elections in the country.
2) The commission defines the territorial boundaries of the constituencies and updates it every 10 years.
3) It not only provides constitutional status to the political parties at the national and regional level but also allocates them their election symbols.
4) It issues the guidelines and principles to all political parties through its Model Code of Conduct to be followed during the election process.
5) ECI also keeps a vigil on the political party’s election campaign expenditures to avoid money laundering and financial frauds.
6) Apart from declaring the dates of elections, it also checks and updates the electoral rolls.
7) Election Commission of India introduced the Electronic Voting Machine to improve the efficiency of the election process and speed up the result declaration.
8) ECI has the authority to audit the financial statements of the political parties during the election campaign.
9) The commission can also request to disqualify a member of a political party if he has been found violating the rules and guidelines.
10) Election Commission of India is an important pillar of the Indian political system on which the democracy of India stands strongly.
1) The Election Commission of India is an autonomous constitutional body that conducts the Union and State Election procedures in India.
2) Part 15 of the Indian Constitution deals with elections, which call for the establishment of a commission to conduct elections.
3) The Election Commission was established on 25th January, 1950 according to the Constitution.
4) Articles 324 to 329 of the Constitution relating to the powers, functions, tenure, eligibility, etc. of the Election Commission and its members.
5) The Secretariat of the Election Commission is located in New Delhi.
6) The Chief Electoral Officer (Chief Election Commissioner) is an officer of IAS rank, who is appointed by the President.
7) Their tenure is a period of 6 years or maximum age of 65 years (whichever is earlier).
8) The CEC (Chief election commissioner) receives the same status as judges of the Supreme Court of India and get equal pay and allowances.
9) The Chief Election Commissioner can be removed from office by Parliament in the same manner as the process of removing a judge of the Supreme Court.
10) Sri Sunil Arora is the present and 23rd chief election commissioner of India succeeding Sri O.P. Rawat on 1st December 2018.
1) The Election Commission superintends, directs and controls the entire process of election of the Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha, state assemblies, President and Vice President in India.
2) The most important function of the Election Commission is to schedule elections from time to time for general elections or by-elections.
3) It prepares Voter List and issues Voter Identity Card (EPIC).
4) It manages the location for setting up polling booths for voters, making all kinds of necessary arrangements in polling and counting centers and other related works.
5) It gives recognition to political parties, resolves disputes related to them and allocates election marks to them.
6) In the case of disqualification after the election, the Commission also has advisory jurisdiction for the meeting of Members of Parliament and State Legislatures.
7) It issues a 'Model Code of Conduct' for political parties and candidates in elections, so that no one does an unfair act or abuses the powers by those in power.
8) It sets the limit of election campaign spending per candidate for all political parties and also monitors it.
9) It conducts elections with the highest levels of reliability, fairness, transparency, integrity, accountability, autonomy and efficiency.
10) It has been successfully conducting national and state-level elections since the year 1952.
Election Commission of India plays a pivotal role during elections in India. It undergoes each and every step to conduct a free and fair election in the country. It also sets an example to other countries by introducing the most modern technologies which are required for conducting a smooth and peaceful election.
ECI also ensures that each citizen of India exercises its voting right without any force or influence and chooses a government or representative who works for the development of the country.