Article 370 was incorporated into the Constitution of India, giving almost an autonomous status to Jammu and Kashmir in all the state matters except three - defense, foreign affairs, and communication. For all other matters, the central government has to take the nod of Jammu and Kashmir State Assembly. However, Article 370 was a temporary provision that was supposed to be abrogated with the formation and adoption of the state’s Constitution.
Ten Lines on Article 370 of Indian Constitution
1) Article 370 is an Article in Indian Constitution, which gives autonomous status to the state of Jammu and Kashmir.
2) Article 370 is drafted in Part XXI of the Constitution of India, which consists of Articles on Temporary, Transitional and Special Provisions.
3) The features of Article 370 are derived from the original Instrument of Accession signed by Maharaja Hari Singh of Kashmir on 26th October 1947.
4) The original Instrument of Accession gave the Government of India, the power to decide on only three matters in the state of Jammu and Kashmir i.e. defense, foreign affairs and communication.
5) Article 370 was incorporated into the Constitution of India as a temporary provision.
6) Article 370 became the permanent feature of the Indian Constitution after the dissolution of J&K Assembly which neither recommended its abolition nor its amendment.
7) Article 370 imposes no obligation on the J&K assembly to abide by the Constitution of India.
8) Article 370 allowed the state of Jammu and Kashmir to have its own Constitution.
9) Article 370 limited the Legislative powers of the center in J&K to three matters of defense, foreign affairs, and communication.
10) The State Government of J&K holds the right to enact laws regarding the elections of the state local bodies.
Below we have provided a 2nd Set of 10 Lines on Article 370, for your knowledge and information. After going through these points you will get a deep insight into Article 370, its features, and how could it be demolished or amended etc.
1) Article 370 gives the Constitution of J&K, supremacy over the Constitution of India, in certain state matters.
2) The 96 subjects in “Union List” and “Concurrent List” as applicable to other Indian states, doesn’t apply to the state of Jammu and Kashmir.
3) In Jammu and Kashmir the Legislative Powers of Central government on subjects in Union and concurrent Lists were curtailed by the provisions in the Instrument of Accession.
4) The central Government requires the consent of J&K state Assembly before imposing any of its Constitutional powers on the state.
5) The Article 370 can be abolished or amended, only with the consent of the J&K State Legislative Assembly.
6) Article 1 of the Indian Constitution which mentions India as the Union of States, is applicable to the state of J&K only through Article 370.
7) The validity of Article 370 has been challenged in Delhi High court, by a petitioner, deeming the Article unconstitutional and fraud.
8) The petitioner contended that the Constitution of J&K neither had the consent of the President nor of the Parliament; therefore, its imposition amounts to fraud.
9) While Jammu wants the Article to be scrapped, some political parties in the Kashmir valley are opposing the move.
10) Article 370 provides special rights and privileges to the people of Jammu and Kashmir, which aren’t granted to other state subjects.
1) The Article 370 was drafted in the part XXI of the Indian Constitution.
2) This article provided Jammu and Kashmir a power to stay autonomous.
3) It was like a pact between the King of Kashmir Raja Hari Singh and the immediate Prime Minister of India Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru.
4) This article was included in the Indian Constitution on 17th October 1949.
5) At the time of drafting, it was a temporary, transitional and special provision that later became permanent.
6) Defense, Foreign affairs and Communication were the only matters of Jammu and Kashmir in which the Government of India could interfere.
7) Article 370 could be amended or abolished only by the permission of the Jammu and Kashmir State Legislative Assembly.
8) Only the state government of Jammu and Kashmir had the right to make and apply the laws relating to elections of the local bodies of the state.
9) The 96 subjects of the "Union List" and the "Concurrent List" of the Indian Constitution did not apply to the state of Jammu and Kashmir.
10) The Central government had to take the consent of state assembly before implementing its constitutional powers in the state.
10 Lines on Article 370 – Set 4
1) The Article 370 was applied by a Presidential order in 1954.
2) This article provided Jammu and Kashmir the power to have its own Constitution.
3) Article 370 states that Jammu and Kashmir is not bound to follow the constitution of India completely.
4) Article 370 provided such powers to the citizens of Jammu and Kashmir which other citizens of the country do not have.
5) The article 370 had been challenged many times before but no effective result emerged out.
6) The article was drafted in the constitution especially to provide Jammu and Kashmir the power to stay autonomous.
7) This article is finally revoked from the Indian Constitution on 5th August 2019.
8) Prime Minister of India, Shri Narendra Modi has taken an unprecedented step for its abrogation.
9) Now the Jammu and Kashmir have lost their autonomous power and became a Union Territory of India.
10) Now, not even a single part of Article 370 is applicable to the state of Jammu and Kashmir.
In wake of the opposition from political factions and separatists in the valley, the abrogation of Article 370 wouldn’t be an easy task, but it isn’t impossible either. It could well be amended or even abolished, if the Centre is successful in conceding the State Assembly into the matter.