The Indian Constitution became effective on 26th January 1950. Every article of it was created keeping in mind the welfare of the citizens of India but it had to be amended from time to time. Many articles were challenged before but article 35A of the Indian constitution is considered to be the most controversial article. What is article 35A and why has it gone through controversies? Let’s read the below-provided sets to find out the answers.
Ten Lines on Article 35A of Indian Constitution
1) The Article 35A of Indian Constitution was added on the 14th of May 1954.
2) This article was added by the order of then President of India Dr. Rajendra Prasad and on the suggestion of Prime Minister Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru.
3) The Article provides special provisions to the state of Jammu and Kashmir and its citizens.
4) According to this Article, “A non-citizen of Jammu and Kashmir can’t buy any property the state.
5) It also forbids Non-Citizen of Jammu and Kashmir to be employed in the State Government officials here.
6) One who is not a citizen of Jammu and Kashmir can’t cast his vote in its state elections.
7) A non-citizen of J&K cannot take admission in any college running by the government of J&K.
8) If a female citizen of J&K marries a person outside, then she loses the citizenship and privileges she initially had as a citizen of J&K.
9) A male citizen of J&K if marries a female outside then he does not lose his citizenship.
10) Article 35A can be amended with the two-third majority of the votes in the state assembly of Jammu and Kashmir.
We have prepared the 2nd set of 10 lines on Article 35A of Indian Constitution. This set comprises a few more important facts and information on the topic. We have discussed some other information that was not discussed in the 1st set. This set is meant to provide you every fact that is however related to article 35A. The set is prepared in easy language so will be helpful for students, professionals and also non-professionals. So let’s start reading the next set provided.
1) Article 35A of the Indian Constitution was added to provide special status to Jammu and Kashmir and its citizens.
2) It was added in the constitution on the basis of ‘1952 Delhi Agreement’ made between Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru and Sheikh Abdullah.
3) Many people call it unconstitutional because it was an amendment not made by the Parliament of India.
4) This article supports discrimination by providing male citizens some rights over female citizens.
5) The article 35A is also considered as the violation of fundamental rights granted to the citizens of India.
6) Since it was added in 1954, so literally Article 35A was not a part of the basic constitution.
7) The article provides Jammu And Kashmir State Assembly the right to decide the definition of its citizenship.
8) Article 35A is a part of Article 370 which also works for Jammu and Kashmir only.
9) So far, 4 petitions have been filed in the Supreme Court against Article 35A.
10) In the petition filed in the Supreme Court, it has been said that section 35A is contrary to the acceptance of India’s integration.
1) The Article 35A of the Indian Constitution provides Jammu & Kashmir a power to define its citizenship.
2) It was added in the Indian Constitution without passing it from the Indian Parliament.
3) The article 35A is mentioned in clause 1 of article 370.
4) It prohibits a Non-Citizen of Jammu and Kashmir from buying any plot or property there.
5) A non-citizen of Jammu and Kashmir cannot cast his vote in the state elections.
6) Also, 35A states that only a citizen of Jammu and Kashmir can be employed in the state Government Offices.
7) A female citizen of Jammu and Kashmir will lose her citizenship if she marries a non-citizen of it.
8) A male citizen won’t lose his citizenship if he marries a female outside Jammu and Kashmir.
9) It does not allow a non-citizen to take admission in any educational institute of the state.
10) This article is revoked by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 5th August 2019.
1) It was added in Constitution by the order of the President Dr Rajendra Prasad on 14th May 1954.
2) The Article 35A violates the law of equality of men and women.
3) This article can be amended only if it gets the majority of two-third in the state assembly.
4) It empowers the Government of Jammu and Kashmir and makes it an autonomous state.
5) Many Petitions have been filed in Supreme Court against Article 35A.
6) The immediate Prime Minister Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru had advised the president, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, to issue the order in favor of article 35A.
7) The Prime Minister Mr. Narendra Modi has revoked the article 35A from Indian Constitution on 5th August 2019.
8) Now article 35A is no more a part of Indian Constitution.
9) Jammu & Kashmir will now become a Union Territory of the Republic of India.
10) Revocation of Article 35A will provide equal power to each citizen of India.
The Indian Parliament has a monopoly right to pass a bill and make a law. In this situation it is completely unacceptable that we follow a law which was not applied by the parliament but by the president. Those who have filed petitions against this article, says “How can we follow such law which itself is not made lawfully”? Overall we can say that this article abolishes the fundamental rights and equality of men and women before law.