As per the fossil records Rhinoceros have evolved on earth almost 60 million years ago. Rhinoceros prefer to live alone except the white rhinos (one of the most abundant species of earth). They are mostly killed by humans for their horns used as ornaments and medicine in many cultures. Many people like Rhinoceros due to their popularity among the kids as most favourite safari animals. After elephant they are considered to be the largest land animal found on earth.
Ten Lines on Rhinoceros
1) Rhinoceros belong to the category of “Rhinocerotidae” with global presence mostly in the forests of tropical and subtropical regions of Africa and Asia.
2) Rhinoceros are classified in to five sub-species such as white, black, Indian, Javan and Sumatran.
3) White rhinos are widely spread animal with the population of almost 21000 across the globe.
4) Average length of a rhino is 3.5 - 4.7 m whereas average weight lies between 2000-2500 kg.
5) Lifespan of Rhinos may vary from species to species and lies between 40 to 60 years.
6) The female Rhinos can carry one calf at a time and have the gestation period of 14 to 18 months.
7) Rhinos are herbivorous in nature and their diet includes grass, trees and bushes.
8) Rhinos can run at the average speed of 55 km/hr.
9) Rhinos communicate through vocal sounds, scents and various ways of body language.
10) Rhinos are mainly hunted for horns made up of keratin which can also be converted in to trophies and various ornaments.
1) Rhinos are the second heaviest land animal on earth with weight up to 2.5 ton.
2) Rhinos use mud for protecting their skin from scorching heat and sunlight.
3) Many birds like woodpeckers and oxpeckers help rhinos by eating parasites present on their bodies.
4) Three of the species (Black, Javan, Sumatran) out of five have been declared as the endangered species.
5) Rhinos have great smelling and hearing ability but they have poor vision.
6) Rhinos have very small brain which varies between 400 to 550 g.
7) Cost of the horns of a rhino can be equivalent to gold in the regions of East Asia including Vietnam.
8) Many people eat the crushed form of horns (source of keratin) of the rhinos believing the fact that it has some medicinal benefit.
9) Baby rhinos have many natural predators like crocodiles, wild dogs, and hyenas.
10) 22nd of September every year is celebrated as World Rhinoceros Day.
Set - 3
1) The polar bear popularly known as the ice bear is the largest species of bear on earth.
2) It inhabits the Arctic region of the earth.
3) Polar bear spends a major part of its life in sea ice.
4) There are 19 subspecies of polar bears found on this earth.
5) Polar is a purely carnivorous mammal and feeds on different species of seals.
6) The gestation period in female polar bears is of 195-270 days.
7) The offspring of a polar bear are called cubs.
8) The female polar bear gives birth to one to four cubs at a time.
9) The mother polar nourishes its cub till they attain the age of two years.
10) The polar bear has a lifespan of 25-30 years.
Set - 4
1) The polar bear is an ecologically important animal and belongs to Family Ursidae.
2) A polar bear has good swimming skills and can swim at a speed of 10km/hr.
3) The male polar bear can easily be distinguished from females as they have a larger body size.
4) The body features of a polar bear help it in surviving in extremely cold conditions.
5) Polar bear spends its maximum time in foraging for food.
6) They prefer to live and hunt alone rather than living in a group.
7) Polar bears are often observed playing with each other that represents their friendly behavior.
8) It has excellent smelling capability while vision and hearing ability is normal.
9) The body hairs of polar bears appear white colored due to the reflection of light but in actual they are transparent.
10) The climatic changes and hunting are the major causes of the decline in the population of polar bears.
Many species of Rhinos are facing the existential crisis around the globe and it has been found in the research that it would hardly take three generations from now for 100% extinction of all the five species across the globe.
Putting a ban on the trade of horns, reducing the use of horns in daily life by avoiding to purchase the products made up of horns of rhinos, strict punishment for the poachers and hunters, declaring the habitat of rhinos as a protected zone, and donation of the fund by corporates to a conservation program of rhinoceros are some of the important steps which should be implemented for preserving the most amazing species of planet earth.