Euphrates River is the longest river in South-West Asia and it is one of the main rivers which form the Tigris-Euphrates River System. Euphrates is historically most important river of West Asia. It originates from Turkey and is a trans-boundary river which flows through Iraq, Syria and Turkey. Euphrates River is formed by the confluence of Kara Su and Murat Su rivers in the Armenian highlands and forms the Tigris-Euphrates River System.
Once, the Valley of Euphrates River was highly irrigated and many great cities were flourished on the banks of Euphrates River at that time. The river is also a natural habitat for variety of species like fishes, turtles, lions, bear etc and also home to many rare and almost extinct animals.
Ten Lines on Euphrates River in English
10 Lines on Euphrates River – Set 1
1) Euphrates River is the longest and historically most important river of Western Asia.
2) It is a trans-boundary river which flows through Iraq, Syria and Turkey.
3) Along with Tigris River, Euphrates is one of the two rivers of Mesopotamia.
4) Euphrates River originates in eastern Turkey and then flows through Iraq and Syria.
5) It is formed by the confluence of western and eastern Euphrates Rivers.
6) Euphrates River flows between major ranges of Taurus Mountains and Syrian Plateau.
7) The river flows through western and central parts of Iraq to join Tigris River.
8) The length of Euphrates River is 2800 km and the catchment area is 500,000 square km.
9) The tributaries of Euphrates River are Sajur, Balikh and Khabur Rivers which joins in Syria.
10) Cities which are located on the banks of Euphrates River are Raqqah, Kufa, Fallujah etc.
10 Lines on Euphrates River – Set 2
1) Euphrates River is the longest river of western Asia and one of the two great rivers along with Tigris which flows to Mesopotamia.
2) In Turkish language, Euphrates River is called as “Firat Nehri” whereas in Arabic it is called as “Nahr-al-Furat”.
3) The word “Euphrates” is the translated form of the word “gush forth” or “break forth” and its basic meaning is “breaking of liquid”
4) Many important ancient cities were located near the riverside of Euphrates viz. Mari, Sippar, Nippur, Uruk, Ur, Erdu etc.
5) Euphrates River rises in Turkey with the confluence of the ‘Kara Su’ or western Euphrates running 450 km and the ‘Murat Su’ or eastern Euphrates running 650 km.
6) The upper reaches of Euphrates River flow through the steep canyons and gorges located in south-eastern part across Syria and Iraq.
7) In the north of Basra located in southern Iraq, the Euphrates River merges with Tigris River to form the ‘Shatt-al-Arab’ River and gets drained into Persian Gulf.
8) In Euphrates River basin, Turkey’s share is 28 percent, Syria’s share is 17 percent and Iraq’s share is 40 percent.
9) The Drainage Basin System of Kara Su and Murat Su which form Euphrates River have an area of 22,000 square km and 40,000 square km, respectively.
10) Various dams, barrages and hydroelectric projects are built on Euphrates River viz. Hindiya Barrage in Iraq, Tabqa Dam in Syria and Southern-East Anatolia Dam in Turkey.
10 Lines on Euphrates River – Set 3
1) Euphrates River emerges from the southwest region of Asia.
2) It is regarded as the longest river in Western Asia.
3) Euphrates and Tigris River flows on both sides of Mesopotamia.
4) The river traces its course through turkey, Iraq, and Syria.
5) Murat Su in turkey is the originating place of River Euphrates.
6) Western Euphrates and Eastern Euphrates Rivers meet in Keban town of Turkey to give rise to Euphrates River.
7) Euphrates River is 2800 km in length.
8) The area of the drainage basin of the Euphrates River is 500000 square km.
9) Balikh, Khabur, Sajur, etc. are the major tributaries of the river Euphrates.
10) Euphrates River finally discharges into the Persian Gulf.
10 Lines on Euphrates River – Set 4
1) Euphrates is an important river in Asia.
2) The river is stated to have great historical importance in Western Asia.
3) Euphrates River gets most of its water from the melting of snow and rain.
4) The riverbank has inhabited many of the ancient civilizations.
5) The river water fulfills the need of the people living in Mesopotamia.
6) It is the source of drinking water, irrigation, and household work for people residing on the river banks.
7) There are several dams constructed on the river that facilitate hydroelectricity production.
8) The river basin in its upper portion is called Fertile Crescent.
9) It is home to different species of plants and animals.
10) Euphrates river biodiversity and environment are greatly impacted by the construction of dams on it.
If we go the ancient historical texts then we find that the Euphrates River had a great importance in olden days. The great empires of Babylonia and Assyria were established on the banks of Euphrates River. The Battle of Karbala, a significant moment in Islamic history when Hazrat Imam Hussain along with his whole family was martyred on the banks of Euphrates River. The Euphrates River has also seen the establishment of Sumer civilization.