The officially announced national animal of India is tiger. It is a wild animal. It is generally found in a dense forest like Sundervans, West Bengal, Assam, Tripura and central India. It belongs to the family of cats. Its colour is brown with black strips. It is also look like a big cat. It can climb on trees also. It has a big and strong body. It has a long tail. It runs very fast. It has padded feet and sharp claws. There are total four teeth in which two in upper jaw and two in the lower are much larger and longer than the other teeth. The tiger is a meat eater. It counts in the categories of carnivorous mammal.
Sample Essay on Tiger for Students
Essay 1 (600 Words)
Tiger is the largest carnivorous mammal animal of the cat family. It is found in Asia in large number. It has a strong and powerful body. Its forelimbs are very strong which helps him to jump forwards and run fast. Indian Government has symbolized it as the national animal.
Tiger is the world’s best animal. It is a very beautiful carnivorous animal. It looks like a big cat. It belongs to the family of Felidae. It has two beautiful eyes which is six times better than humans during night. Its eyes are same as domestic cat. But the white tigers have blue eyes. Its eyes look like a burning lamp in the dark night. It has two ears which helps him to hear the other animals’ voice while hunting. Tiger has four long canine teeth, two in upper jaw and rest two in lower jaw. These teeth are very helpful to catch the prey and strangulate it. It has a long tail also which plays a most important role while hunting its prey. Its tail helps him to maintain the balance while running fast behind prey.
Origin of tigers:
Where were the tigers originated? It is the most complicated question. Some says that the origin place of tigers is Asia, Some says Africa. But it is considered that tigers have their origin in Asian continent not in Africa. Chinese and Bengali tigers are resettled in Africa. They were released from zoos with the purpose of extending the survival and habitat of their species.
How Tiger Catch its Prey?
Generally tiger hunts for large or middle sized animals such as buffaloes, deer, crocodiles, leopards, pythons, etc. Tiger usually lives alone and hunts lonely also, not in a group. When it catches crocodile, it attacks on eyes first with its paws. After that it catches him in its jaw and strangulates till death. Tiger does not chase its prey for a long distance however, creep slowly-slowly behind prey and attack suddenly on it. At a time it can jump as far as 10 meters.
Tiger does not eat men, but sometimes it becomes men eater. It is because of a wound, weakness or just because it is too old. Tiger generally depends on cattle, horses, sheep, etc animals for food. It is revealed by the source of Encyclopedia that a tiger (which eats cattle) hunts an ox about every 5 days in its 60 to 70 years of age. If a tiger has trouble in finding food then it can eat birds, eggs or berries. And when, it cannot find any kind of food at all then it eats any kind of flesh available.
Feeding Capacity of a Tiger:
There are three basic requirements of a tiger, large prey, water and den in a dense forest far away from the society. In one time, an adult tiger require around 12 pounds of flesh to eat however it may eat 55 to 60 pounds of flesh during night. A tigress having 3 young cubs need around 280 kg of flesh at every 20 days.
Tiger as a National Animal:
Indian government has symbolized tiger as the National Animal of India. Behind declaring Tiger as a national animal, there are two main reasons:
- First, Tiger is very strong and courageous.
- Second, to give them protection because of decreasing numbers day by day.
Tiger is a wild animal which belongs to the cat family. The number of tigers is decreasing day by day which is a big issue in front of us. It needs to get controlled by stopping all the illegal activities and smuggling of tigers. A tiger project campaign has been initiated by the Indian government in order to save tigers. As being an Indian citizen, we must actively participate in this campaign to save tigers.
Essay 2 (800 Words)
The national animal of India is Tiger. It is very beautiful in its physical appearance. It is found in two colours (orange or golden and white). It has small fur overall its body. Its eyes look like a burning lamp in the night. It sleeps in day and goes for a hunt during the night. It has good smell sense, by the help of this sense it can hunt easily. It has four long canine teeth in which two are in the upper jaws and rest in lower jaw. It has great strength and stamina. Its forelimbs are very strong. It is a quadruped beast. It lives in wet, humid and hot forests as well as in ice cold forest. People admire the Tiger for its strength, courage and beauty. The child of a tiger is called as cub and the female tiger is called as Tigress.
Subspecies of Tiger:
There are ten recognized subspecies of tiger in which six subspecies are surviving till now. Trinil subspecies of tiger has been extinct in the primitive time. The modern surviving subspecies are following:
- Siberian Tiger:
The scientific name of Siberian tiger is ‘P.T. Atlaica’. This subspecies of tiger is also known as Amur tiger which is found in Russia. In 1940, this subspecies was dropped intensely and currently 40 tigers of this subspecies are left; Russia stepped in and saved this subspecies. In 1980, there were 500 tigers. In comparison with the other subspecies, Amur tiger has thicker coats, paler hues and less strips in dark brown color instead of black stripes.
- Indochinese tiger:
The scientific name of this subspecies is ‘Pantherea Tigries corbetti’. Indochinese Tiger is also known as Corbett tiger. It is found in China, Cambodia, Thailand, Burma, Laos and Vietnam. It likes to live in mountainous or hilly regions in forest.
- Bengal Tiger:
Bengal Tiger is called as Indian tiger and its scientific name is ‘P.T. Tigris’. It is mostly found in India, Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh. To protect the life of tigers, Indian Government had launched Project Tiger in India in 1973. According to the researchers, there are fewer than 2500 tigers left in wild.
- Sumatran Tiger:
It is found only on the island of Sumatra. The scientific name of this subspecies is ‘P.T. Sumatree’. It is mainly seen the national park of island. It has darkest orange coat with heavy and narrowly spaced black strips.
- Malayan tiger:
Malayan Tiger’s scientific name is P.T. Jacksoni. It is exclusively found in Malay Peninsula and the southern tip of Thailand. In 2004, Malayan tiger was recognized as the separate subspecies. It is little differ from Indochinese tiger.
- South China Tiger:
The scientific name of South China tiger is P.T. Amoyensis. It is also known as Amoy or Xiamen tiger. It is the most endangered subspecies of tiger as well as one of the 10 most endangered animals in the world. In 1950, researchers estimated 4,000 tigers in the wild, but in 1996 the number of these tigers was dropped to 30-80. No one has seen South china tiger in last 25 years; leading experts consider it “functionally extinct”.
Qualities and Fact about Tiger:
Tiger has so many qualities or facts which are following:
- Tigers live for about 25 year in a zoo as well as in the wild.
- Its long tail is helpful to maintain balance while running behind the prey.
- Tiger bones are used to cure joint pain, stiffness, back-pain, rheumatism and muscle spasms.
- It has black strips on its body.
- It attacks on its prey suddenly.
- It likes to live and hunt alone.
- It catches its prey on neck and strangulates it.
- It runs 85 km/hr in a time.
- It jumps about 7 or 8ft in a time.
- Male tiger has larger territories than the females.
- It roars to communicate with far-off tigers.
- When many tigers are present at the hunting time, the male tiger wait for female and cubs to eat first.
- The strips on each and every tiger are unique, like the human fingerprints.
- Most of the tigers have yellow eyes just like the cat, but white tigers have blue eyes.
- Its urine smells strongly of buttered popcorn.
- It scratches trees and uses its urine to mark its territories.
- It can swim also.
- The largest subspecies of tiger is Siberian tiger which is found in Russia.
- The baby of a tiger becomes completely blind for the first week of its life.
Tiger is a strong animal. Even after being declared as the national animal of India, it is hunted and illegally used for smuggling for many years. Tiger poachers kill tiger for various purposes such as to get their skin, bones, teeth, medicines, etc. Some people kill the tiger and other wild animal for entertainment. Just because of these reasons, various subspecies of tigers are in danger. In this reference, Indian Government has launched “Project Tiger” program to save the tigers in 1973. We should also try to make this mission successful by making people aware about the smuggling Project Tiger g of tigers.