10 Lines on Maulana Abul Kalam Azad

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was an eminent freedom fighter and a founder of new India after independence. He was a journalist by nature who made his writing an ultimate weapon against the British rule in India. In his articles published in magazines and newspapers, he always criticized the British rule and its activities. Maulana Azad also participated in different movements that were launched by Gandhiji like non-co-operation movement etc.

Maulana Azad served as the first education minister of India (now HRD ministry) and laid a foundation of education with research and development in modern India.

Ten Lines on Maulana Abul Kalam Azad

Set 1

1) Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was a freedom fighter and a social and political activist.

2) Maulana Azad was the first Human Resource and Development Minister of free India.

3) Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was born on 11th November 1888 at Mecca in Saudi Arabia.

4) Maulana Azad was self-taught in his home and he knew Urdu, Hindi, Persian, Arabic, etc.

5) Maulana Azad during his late teenage became an active person in the field of journalism.

6) In 1912 Maulana Azad started publishing a weekly newspaper in Urdu known as ‘Al-Hilal’.

7) The newspaper of Maulana Azad became very popular for his criticisms of the British rule.

8) Maulana Azad joined Indian National Congress in Calcutta and become a prominent leader.

9) Maulana Azad also participated in the ‘Khilafat Movement’ in 1920-24 for protecting the caliphate.

10) Maulana Abul Kalam Azad died on 22nd February 1958 in Delhi while serving in his office.


Set 2

1) Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was a freedom fighter, social activist and a journalist, his full name was ‘Abul Kalam Ghulam Mohiuddin Ahmed Bin Khairuddin Al-Husseini Azad’.

2) Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was a senior leader of Congress party and after independence; he became the first human resources and development minister of India.

3) Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was born in Mecca of Saudi Arabia, his father was ‘Mohammad Khairuddin’ and his mother was ‘Alia Mohammad Khairuddin’.

4) Maulana Abul Kalam Azad got his formal education at home in Arabic, Persian, Urdu with theological orientation, he also received a modern education.

5) Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was a writer by nature and as a result, he started his monthly magazine known as “Nairang-e-Alam” in 1899.

6) Maulana Azad was very much influenced by revolutionary ideas of national and international leaders; he published a weekly called ‘Al-Hilal’ in 1912.

7) Maulana Abul Kalam Azad agitated for restoration of the caliphate in Turkey which is also known as the ‘Khilafat movement’ in 1920.

8) Maulana Abul Kalam Azad also participated in the national freedom struggle; he participated in the non-co-operation movement with Gandhiji in 1920.

9) When Maulana Azad became the first HRD minister after independence, he laid stress on scientific education, modern education and education for all.

10) For his contribution in the freedom struggle, socio-religious harmony in society and major works as an HRD minister, Maulana Azad was given ‘Bharat Ratna’ in 1992.


Set 3

1) Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, one of India's first freedom fighters, was a scholar as well as a poet.

2) He worked for Hindu-Muslim unity and was one of the Muslim leaders who opposed the principle of a separate Muslim nation (Pakistan).

3) He actively participated in the Civil Disobedience Movement and the Khilafat Movement, supporting non-violence with Gandhiji.

4) He became the first Education Minister of independent India and took up the task of improving the education system of the country.

5) Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was born on 11 November 1888 in Mecca, Saudi Arabia.

6) His father Maulana Khairuddin was a Bengali Muslim of Afghan origin.

7) Mohammad Khairuddin and his family left Calcutta in 1857 and moved to Mecca at the time of the first movement of Indian independence.

8) There, Mohammed Khairuddin met his wife, who was the daughter of Sheikh Mohammad Zahar Vatri of the Arab country.

9) In 1890, 2 years after Maulana Azad's birth, his family returned to India and settled in Kolkata.

10) He was married at the age of 13 years to Zulekha Begum.

Set 4

1) The full name of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiuddin.

2) He was an important politician who supported India's independence.

3) He worked in several magazines in his early career and was close to Deobandi ideology.

4) Maulana Azad joined the Indian National Congress in 1920 supporting the Non-Cooperation Movement with Mahatma Gandhi.

5) Maulana Azad was elected President of the Congress at the Ramgarh session in 1940 where he criticized religious separatists and remained in the same post till 1946.

6) Maulana Azad was appointed as the Minister of Education in the first Cabinet after Indian independence from 1947 to 1958.

7) Maulana Azad tried to strengthen education for the progress and development of the country until his last breath.

8) Maulana Azad witnessed the independence of India in 1947 and the partition of India and Pakistan.

9) He died in Delhi on 22nd February 1958 due to a heart attack.

10) Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was posthumously awarded India's highest civilian honor and award Bharat Ratna in 1992 for his valuable contribution to the nation.


Maulana Azad was such a learned person that he knew many languages. He was a writer by nature and by profession and started publishing magazines and newspapers from his teenage. In his literary works, he always criticized and exposed the Britishers. Maulana Azad always advocated Hindu-Muslim unity and secularism in India. Maulana Azad served as the first HRD minister of India. “India Wins Freedom” is a book written by him.