Aryabhata was the first Earth satellite built by India. It was named after a famous Indian astronomer and mathematician of the 5th century C.E. the greatest of his time - Aryabhata. The satellite was assembled by ISRO at Peenya, near Bangalore, and was launched with the help of the Soviet Union by a Russian-made rocket on April 19, 1975.
It was built by the Indian Space Research Organization and was to study X-ray Astronomy Aeronomy, and solar physics. It was a 26 sided polyhedron whose diameter was 1.4 meter and weighed 794 pounds i.e. 360 Kg. Aryabhata rotated in 619 x 562 km orbit at an inclination of 50.7 degree.
Ten Lines on Aryabhata Satellite in English
In the following ten lines we are providing information on the Aryabhata satellite which was launched with the active collaboration of Russia.
We have emphasized on the facts that will put a clear picture before you to know its history. We have also given here the process, size, weight, dimension, and results of it and some special events during its launch. Reader may enjoy it and student will get benefited.
They may use these special points to improve their knowledge and can use them in their writing work as well as it may be learnt easily so that it can be delivered in their morning speeches.
10 Lines on Aryabhata Satellite – Set 1
1) The satellite was named Aryabhata by India's first woman Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi.
2) The two other names that were suggested to Indira Gandhi by ISRO were Maitri and Jawahar.
3) The 360-kilogram satellite was built by ISRO and was launched by Russia on the basis of the agreement between India and the Soviet Union directed by U.R. Rao in 1972.
4) The satellite had its data receiving control room in a small room previously used as a toilet in Bangalore.
5) Because of the failure in the satellite's solar panel, the power system stopped experiments for four days.
6) The project of the satellite Aryabhata was initially estimated to Rs 3 crore and a little more.
7) The Aryabhata's image was printed on the reverse of the two rupee currency notes of India between 1976 and 1997.
8) To commemorate this historical event, both India and Russia released stamps.
9) Aryabhata touched Earth's atmosphere after 17 years of its launch on 11th February, 1992.
10) Though Aryabhata mission was not a complete success but it opened the possibilities for ISRO’s progress and growth.
We have created a 2nd set of 10 important points of facts and information on Aryabhata Satellite. It is very important for every Indian to have some knowledge of the topic. We have tried to summarize the concept in few lines. The language of the set is kept easy so that the reader must not face any confusion while reading the provided points. So let’s start.
10 Lines on Aryabhata Satellite – Set 2
1) Aryabhata Satellite was the first Indian Satellite.
2) It was launched by India on April 19, 1975 by the Cosmos-3M launch vehicle from Kapustin Yar site.
3) The Satellite was built and its launch was operated by Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO).
4) It got its name from the great astronomer and mathematician Aryabhata.
5) The data receiving centre of Aryabhata was situated in Bangalore.
6) Due to sudden failure in electric system, the experiment was suspended for 4 days.
7) RBI also celebrated this launch by issuing Rs. 2 notes in 1976 which had an image of this satellite on its back side.
8) India and Russia jointly issued stamps with image of the Satellite to commemorate the historic event.
9) The main perspective behind launching Aryabhata was conducting experiments in X-ray astronomy, Aeronomics and Solar Physics.
10) Aryabhata re-entered the atmosphere of Earth on 10th February 1992 after 17 years of its successful launch.
The Aryabhata Satellite was the first success of India into space. It was built with 26 polygons and looked almost spherical in shape. All its faces were made of solar cell to provide it continue ability to work with solar energy. It was given name Aryabhata by then Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi. The launch of Aryabhata was just a beginning and India was creating history since then in the field of Astronomy with its unprecedented successes.