Amur River is a trans-boundary river which flows through Russia, China and Mongolia. It is the tenth longest river of the world as well as the longest river of Russia. Amur River is also known as Black River in some other languages. The main Amur River flows in the east and south-east directions forming the border between Mongolia and inner Mongolian autonomous region to the south-eastern Siberian area of Russia.
The chief tributaries of Amur River are Sungari River and Ussuri River which also forms the part of the Manchurian-Siberian border. Amur River is also the third longest non-dammed river of the world.
Ten Lines on Amur River in English
10 Lines on Amur River – Set 1
1) Amur River is the river which extends from north-eastern China to far-east of Russia.
2) It is also known as Black River and it is the tenth longest river of the world.
3) The river is a trans-boundary river which flows through Russia, China and Mongolia.
4) Amur River is formed by the junction of Shilka and Argun River of Russia and China.
5) The headwater of Amur River rises in Siberia in Russia, Mongolia and Inner Mongolia.
6) The main Amur River flows into the east and south-east where countries borders meet.
7) Amur River turns north-eastwards and flows across the Russian city to Tatar Strait.
8) The length of Amur River is 2824 km and the catchment area is 1,855,000 square km.
9) The main tributaries of Amur River are Shilka, Zeya, Bureya, Amgun, Eurgene etc.
10) The cities which are located on the banks of Amur River are Amursk and Khabarvosk.
10 Lines on Amur River – Set 2
1) The Amur River is located on the borders of Russia and China and it is the tenth longest river of the world and the longest in Russia.
2) Amur River is called as “Heilong Jiang” in Chinese meaning ‘black dragon river’ and “Kharamuren” in Mongolian language meaning ‘black river’.
3) Amur River flows through the territories of the three countries viz. 54 percent in Russia, 44.2 percent in China and 1.8 percent in Mongolia.
4) The Amur River is formed by the confluence of two rivers i.e. Shilka River which rises in the Russian Federation and Argun River which rises in Manchuria.
5) Amur River first flows into south-east and then into north-east and finally gets drained into Tartar Strait.
6) The Amur and its tributaries cover a basin of about 716,200 square miles and it is divided into three sections viz. Upper, Middle and the Lower Amur.
7) The Upper Amur begins at the confluence of Shilka and Argun rivers ending at the mouth of Zeya at the Siberian city of Blagoveshchensk.
8) Middle Amur goes up to 970 km from Zeya East to the Khabarovsk and the Lower Amur goes from Khabarovsk to the mouth with length of 970 km.
9) The first permanent bridge Khabarovsk was constructed in 1916 on the river with the height of 2590 m.
10) The Chinese portion of Amur Bridge Project was completed in 2016 and the Russian portion is to be completed in 2019.
10 Lines on Amur River – Set 3
1) River Amur emerges in Northeastern China.
2) It is regarded as the tenth longest river in the world.
3) Amur River traces its course through Russia and China.
4) Hills in the western part of north-east China is the originating place of the river Amur.
5) The river Shilka and Argun meet to form river Amur.
6) Amur River is 2824 km in length.
7) The area of the drainage basin of river Amur is 1855000 square km.
8) Shilkha, Zeya, Bureya, Amgon are the left bank tributaries of river Amur.
9) Argun, Huma, Songhua, Ussuri are the right bank tributaries of river Amur.
10) Amur River terminates in the Pacific Ocean through the Strait of Tartary.
10 Lines on Amur River – Set 4
1) Amur is an important river of Russia and China.
2) The river forms the border between China and Russia.
3) Amur River is stated as the third longest river in China after Yangtze and Huang Ho.
4) Yushui, Wanshui, and Heishui are the ancient Chinese name of the river Amur.
5) Amur River is considered a sacred river by Manchu people in China.
6) They named the Amur River as Sahaliyan Ula (Black river).
7) Amur River is home to more than 120 species of fish.
8) The river has Kaluga and Amur sturgeon that are endemic species.
9) Amur River passes through the island of Sakhalin before emptying into the Pacific Ocean.
10) Khabarovsk Bridge was the first bridge to be constructed on the river Amur.
The Amur River is the biggest shipping artery of the entire Siberian region as well as Chinese and Mongolian countries. It is very favourable for navigation and irrigation purposes which had helped to flourished trades in these belts. The important cargoes and shipments which move downstream contain oil, fish and timber which are highly demanding in these regions. The first permanent bridge on the river was built in 1916 for the better connectivity of Trans-Siberian Railways.