Amu Darya or the Oxus River with the ancient name is one of the longest rivers of central Asia. Amu Darya River was already known to the western world during the Greek and Roman Times and the Oxus River was called as Jayhun by the Arabs. Amu Darya River mainly shares its name from the city of Amul which is present in the present day of Turkmenabat in Turkmenistan.
Amu Darya originates from the confluence of Vakhsh and Panj rivers and has a length of 2400 km with a drainage basin of around 534739 sq km. It flows in the side across the desert of Turkmenistan and the lower part of the boundary between Uzbekistan to North-East and Turkmenistan to South-West.
Ten Lines on Amu Darya/Oxus River in English
10 Lines on Amu Darya/Oxus River – Set 1
1) Amu Darya River is known as ‘Oxus’ as well as ‘Amu’ River or ‘Amo’ River in Latin.
2) The river is the longest river of South-East as well as of Central Asia.
3) Amu Darya River flows through Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan.
4) Name of Amu Darya River is derived from the city of ‘Amul’ now in ‘Turkmenabat.
5) Amu Darya River originates by the confluence of ‘Vakhsh’ and ‘Panj’ rivers.
6) The river flows towards the north-west into the southern part of Aral Sea.
7) In ancient times, Amu Darya River was regarded as boundary between Iran and Turan.
8) The length of Amu Darya River is 2400 km and catchment area is 534,739 square km.
9) Tributaries which flow in Amu Darya River are Panj, Vakhsh and Surkhan Darya etc.
10) Cities which are on the banks of Amu Darya River are Samarkand, Termez and Tashkent etc.
10 Lines on Amu Darya/Oxus River – Set 2
1) The Oxus River or Amu Darya River of present day is a trans-boundary river and a major as well as a longest river of central and South-West Asia.
2) Amu Darya River is also known as Amu, Oxus, Vankshu, Vakshu as well as Chakshu in Sanskrit text of Ashtadhyayi written by Acharya Panini.
3) Amu Darya River got its name from the city known as ‘Amul’ which is now known as ‘Turkmenabat’ and called as ‘Jayhoun’ by the local people.
4) The river flows through Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan.
5) Alexander the Great came to Amu Darya River for three times from 329 to 327 BC and the eastern part of the River became centre of Greco-Bactrian kingdom.
6) Amu Darya River flows in reverse direction and the river gets its water from a glacier located in Pamir knot in the eastern end of Afghanistan’s Wakhan corridor.
7) In ancient times, Amu Darya River was considered as the boundary between Greater Iran and Turan and an origin point of ‘Jat’ community of north India.
8) Some part of Amu Darya basin includes most of Tajikistan, South-West of Kyrgyzstan, North-East of Afghanistan, Eastern Turkmenistan and Western Uzbekistan.
9) The average mean discharge of Amu Darya River is 97.4 cubic metres per year and the river is easy for transportation for 1450 km.
10) A major 300 metre dam was constructed on Vakhsh River in Tajikistan in the 20th century.
10 Lines on Amu Darya/Oxus River – Set 3
1) Amu Darya River emerges from central Asia.
2) It is ranked among the longest rivers in central Asia.
3) The river traces its course in Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan.
4) The Pamir Mountains in Tajikistan is the originating point of Amu Darya.
5) Amu Darya River is formed by the meeting of Vakhsh and Panj Rivers meet on the border of Afghanistan and Tajikistan.
6) The Amu Darya River is 2620 km in length.
7) The area of the drainage basin of Amu Darya is 534739 square km.
8) Panj, Qonduz rivers are the left bank tributaries of Amu Darya.
9) Vakhsh, Surkhan, Sherabad, etc. are the right bank tributary of Amu Darya.
10) The Amu Darya terminates into the desert area because of the diminishing of the Aral Sea.
10 Lines on Amu Darya/Oxus River – Set 4
1) Amu Dariya is an important river of Central Asia.
2) Amu River, Daryoi Amu, Amyderya are the other names of Amu Dariya.
3) Oxus River was the ancient Latin name of Amu Dariya.
4) Amu Dariya was named on the city of Amul that is now called Turkmenabat.
5) It gets its major water from Glaciers in the Pamir Mountains.
6) The flow of the river is high from March to August every year.
7) The river water in the upper stretches freezes during the winter months of the year.
8) It causes a reduction in the flow of the river from September to February.
9) Amu Dariya carries a greater sediment load along its course.
10) The excessive use of river water for irrigation has led to the diminishing of the Aral Sea.
Amu Darya River basin has the two units; the mountainous zone of nourishment and a lowland zone of depletion. The flow of water in the Amu Darya River rises from March to May and the flow slowly gets down in the month of September to February. During winter season, ice forms on the Amu Darya’s river banks located on the upper reaches. In the upper course of the Amu Darya River the river flow is stable and in lower course the flow is very less.