Tocantins River is a river in Brazil which is considered as the lifeline of Brazil. Tocantins River is formed by the two main tributaries, the Parani and Maranhao Rivers. It runs from north to south but it is not a tributary of Amazon River but Tocantins River falls in the Atlantic Ocean parallel to the Amazon River. Tocantins River rises in the state of Gioas in central Brazil and then it runs towards north in state of Tocantins.
It flows through four states of Brazil namely, Goias, Tocantins, Maranhao and Para and it is one of the largest clean and clear water rivers of South America. The basin of the river is a home to various species of large aquatic animals including river turtle, river dolphins and fishes.
Ten Lines on Tocantins River in English
10 Lines on Tocantins River – Set 1
1) Tocantins is the river which flows in the north-eastern part of Brazil.
2) It rises in many headstreams on the central plateau in Goias Estado.
3) Tocantins flows through four Brazilian states of Goias, Tocantins, Maranhao and Para.
4) It originates in the mountainous district called as Pireneus.
5) Tocantins River turns to the north and then flows into Para River of Amazon Delta.
6) Finally, Tocantins River falls into Atlantic Ocean along with the Amazon River.
7) The length of Tocantins River is 2450 km and catchment area is 800,000 square km.
8) Tocantins River is one of the largest clean and clear river waters of South America.
9) The tributaries of Tocantins River are Araguaia, Maranhao and Paranatinga Rivers.
10) Cities which are located on the banks of Tocantins River are Palmas, Cameta etc.
10 Lines on Tocantins River – Set 2
1) Tocantins River is a river of Brazil which flows from south to north parts and through the north-eastern part of Brazil.
2) In the local Tupi language, the meaning of Tocantins is “Toucan’s Beak” which is further expanded as “Touka” for “Toucan” and “Ti” for “Beak”.
3) Tocantins flows through four Brazilian states viz. Goias, Tocantins, Maranhao and Para and shares border with Brazil’s newest state formed in 1988.
4) It originates in the mountainous district called the Pireneus located in the west of the federal district and flows to north through Goias and Tocantins states.
5) When Tocantins River moves westwards, it makes the boundary of Tocantins and Maranhao states which is equally far with the confluence of Araguaia River.
6) Tocantins again turns towards north and flows into Para River which joins into the Amazon River delta and finally gets drained into Atlantic Ocean.
7) The Tocantins River has an average annual water discharge rate of 13,598 cubic m/s and specific discharge rate is 14.4 L/s/km2.
8) The Tocantins River basin is formed by another river known as Araguaia which has a mean annual discharge of 388,461 cubic feet per second.
9) Tocantins River basin has plenty of fish species and several other aquatic animals like Amazonian manatee, Araguaian river dolphin, Tucuxi etc.
10) There are several dams which are built on Tocantins River viz. Tucurui Dam, Serra de Masa Dam, Cana Brava Dam, Pixie Angical Dam etc.
10 Lines on Tocantins River – Set 3
1) Tocantins River emanates from the eastern region of South America.
2) The river traces its course in the country of Brazil.
3) The river passes through Goias, Tocantins, Maranhao, and Para states of Brazil.
4) The Tocantins state of Brazil has derived its name from the river the Tocantins.
5) Pireneus in Goias estado in Brazil is the originating place of river Tocantins.
6) Tocantins River is 2450 km in length.
7) The area of the drainage basin of river Tocantins is 749200 square km.
8) Parani and Maranhao rivers are the chief tributaries of river Tocantins.
9) The rate of average discharge of river Tocantins is 11796 cubic meters per second.
10) Tocantins River finally empties into the Atlantic Ocean.
10 Lines on Tocantins River – Set 4
1) Tocantins River is the principal river of Brazil.
2) It is regarded as the one of largest clean rivers of South America.
3) Tocantins, Parana, and Sao Francisco rivers originate from same place i.e. Brazilian plateau.
4) Tocantins in Tupi language refers to ‘Toucan’s beak’.
5) Serra de Mesa, Cana Brava, Peixe, Luiz, and Tucurui are the five dams built on river Tocantins.
6) It provides irrigation and hydroelectricity to people.
7) The river basin has a rich variety of flora and fauna.
8) There are more than 350 different species of fish inhabiting the river basin.
9) The cavefish species in the river is highest than any other region in America.
10) The construction of hydro projects has led to the reduction of biodiversity in the river basin.
Four large dams were built on the Tocantins River out of which the two largest ones are Tucurui and Serra de Massa dams which produce ample amount of electricity. With the construction of Tucurui Dam the natural course of Tocantins River has also changed. This has led to the climate change in the region. The dams have brought negative effects on the environment leading to the reduction of fish species and other aquatic animals.