10 Lines on National Song

National Song of India is sung by the people of India to evoke the history of India’s struggle for freedom. National song ‘Vande Mataram’ is the official national song recognized by the government of India which is played and sung on the occasions of national events. National Song shares the same status as of the national anthem except few official ceremonies. At the time when India gained independence ‘Vande Mataram’ was even more popular than ‘Jan Gana Mana’.

10 Lines on National Song

Set 1

1) National Song of India, ‘Vande Mataram’ was initially Bengali poem written by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay in 1870.

2) The first two verses of the song were adopted as the National Song of India in October 1937 by Indian National Congress.

3) The song was officially selected as national song of the Republic India on 24th January, 1950.

4) ‘Vande Mataram’ played a major role in ‘Indian Independence Movement’ by mobilizing people against the Britishers.

5) The original Bengali ‘Bande Mataram’ poem was composed by Rabindranath Tagore into a song.

6) ‘Vande Mataram’ was written in both the languages i.e. Sanskrit and Bengali.

7) ‘Vande Mataram’ was first published in novel ‘Anandamath’ a Bengali fiction novel written by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay in 1881.

8) ‘Vande Mataram’ was the symbol of nationalism and helped to channelize the Swadeshi movement against Britishers in 1905.

9) ‘Vande Mataram’ song has also been composed by many prominent musicians like A.R. Rahman, Lata Mangeshkar and Ravi Shankar.

10) ‘Vande Mataram’ not only helps to awaken the sense of patriotism in our hearts but it also pays tribute to our motherland and our great freedom fighters.


Set 2

1) Vande Mataram is the national song of India which was first sung by Rabindranath Tagore in the Congress meet in 1896.

2) Bande Mataram (inspired by Bande Mataram) was also the famous news paper started by ‘Aurobindo Ghosh’ in 1905.

3) During Swadeshi Movement in 1910 ‘Vande Mataram’ was shouted as slogan to raise patriotic sentiments of Indian revolutionaries and nationalist leaders.

4) Auorbindo Ghosh the famous nationalist leader termed ‘Bande Mataram’ as ‘Anthem of Bengal’ and created the English version of it with title ‘I bow to thee, Mother’.

5) ‘Vande Mataram’, would always remain a great tribute to the sacrifice of countless martyrs who dedicated their entire life for the freedom of India.

6)  The song also faced some opposition from few communities during independence movement as it was considered as religious song.

7) The song depicts the nation as a powerful goddess which was deemed unsuitable by people from various religious communities.

8) ‘Vande Mataram’ was voted as the second most popular song in the world in a poll conducted by BBC media broadcaster in the year 2002.

9) In July 2017, the Madras High Court ruled that Vande Mataram song should be sung or played in institutes, schools, offices once a week or once a month.

10) The main objective of singing national song on events like Independence Day and Republic Day is to spread the message of freedom, love, harmony and peace.


Set 3

1) The National Song of India ‘Vande Mataram’ written by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay played a crucial role in the independence struggle of India.

2) The phrase ‘Vande Mataram’ was used to spread the feeling of patriotism and excite the passion to fight against the Britishers.

3) ‘Vande Mataram’ was also referred as National Anthem of Bengal by great philosopher Sri Aurobindo.

4) British government banned the book ‘Anandmath’ and the song ‘Vande Mataram’ as it was seen as a method of revolt against them.

5) Freedom fighters defied the order and sang Vande Matarm at public places and were sent to custody by the Britishers.

6) The original prose of Vande Mataram consists of 6 stanzas, out of which the first two verses have been adopted as National Song of India.

7) Vande Mataram has been translated into many languages namely Hindi, Telugu, Tamil, Kannada, Marathi, Gujarati etc.

8) The first version of the Indian Flag created by Bhikaji Cama in 1907 had Vande Mataram written on it.

9) Mr. Jadunath Bhattacharya set the tune for Vande Mataram just after it was written by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay.

10) A first political film was also made in 1905 by Hiralal Sen, a photographer and filmmaker; the film ended with the Vande Mataram chant.

Set 4

1) The national song of India “Vande Mataram” was written by Bengali writer Mr. Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay in his book ‘Anandmath’.

2) The word “Vande Mataram” is a Sanskrit word which means a huge respect to mother (India).

3) The beautiful tune of “Vande Mataram” was set by the eminent musician Jadunath Bhattacharya.

4) The original “Vande Mataram” is a collection of 6 stanzas.

5) During the Pre-Independence era in India, it played a vital role in motivating the great Indian Freedom Fighters.

6) “Vande Mataram” was declared National song by the first president of India Dr. Rajendra Prasad on 24th January 1950.

7) The first Political event in which the national song was sung is the 1896 session of Indian National Congress.

8) A film made by the famous Film-maker Heera Lal Sen in 1905 was the first film to recite Indian National Song.

9) In 1915, the Indian National Congress declared that Vande Mataram is compulsory to be sung in every session across India.

10) A survey conducted by BBC across the whole world resulted that “Vande Mataram” is the 2nd highest popular song in the world.


‘Vande Mataram’, the national song has played a significant role in maintaining a sense of patriotism and nationalism amongst the citizens of India. The national song which is also a symbol of unity for India has been played or sung by famous artists at several national and regional events in order to spread the message of peace and harmony.