Kosi River flows into Nepal and the northern part of India. It originates from the Tibet province of China. After the Yamuna, Kosi is the second largest tributary of River Ganga. The river emerges from the great plains of north India where it adopts the way to Ganga River. Kosi is considered as the lifeline of Nepal and it is also one of the important rivers of Bihar state which is helpful for economic and commercial activities.
The river water is very helpful for irrigational purposes, hydropower projects as well as fisheries. However, it is also known as the ‘Sorrow of Bihar’ as floods occur very frequently and destroy a large area covering many districts of Bihar hampering the living and economy of the state.
Ten Lines on Kosi River in English
10 Lines on Kosi River – Set 1
1) Kosi River is one of the oldest transboundary rivers which flows into Nepal and India.
2) It flows from the eastern part of Nepal and enters into Bihar state of India.
3) Kosi River is one of the major tributaries of River Ganga in Katihar district of Bihar.
4) The length of Kosi River is 720 km and the coverage area of Kosi is 74,500 square km.
5) Kosi River originates from an altitude of 7000 metres above the sea level in Himalayas.
6) The highest peaks, Mount Everest and Kanchenjunga are located on Kosi’s catchment.
7) After originating from Tibet, Kosi River travels to the Tarai region of Nepal.
8) After covering the distance of 50 km of Tarai region it enters to the Indian territory.
9) There are three major tributaries of Kosi viz, Tamar Kosi, Aruna Kosi and Sun Kosi.
10) Kosi River is also called as the ‘Sorrow of Bihar’ due to its devastating floods.
10 Lines on Kosi River – Set 2
1) Kosi is one of the important rivers that emerge from the Himalayas.
2) It is stated as a tributary of the Ganga River.
3) Its flow is directed in India, Nepal, and Tibet.
4) Kosi River is 720 km in length.
5) The area of the drainage basin of the Kosi River is 74,500 square km.
6) Saptkoshi in the northern region of Nepal is the originating place of the Kosi River.
7) Kosi River flows in the Bihar state of India.
8) It enters India through the Bhimnagar district in Bihar.
9) Kosi River passes through Bhimnagar, Katihar, Viratnagar, Purnia, etc., districts of Bihar.
10) It merges with the river Ganga in the Katihar district of Bihar.
10 Lines on Kosi River – Set 3
1) Kosi River is a river that is formed by the meeting of seven rivers.
2) These seven rivers meet in the northern Himalayas in Nepal.
3) The northern slope of the Himalayas gets drained by the Kosi River in Tibet.
4) The southern slope of the Himalayas gets drained by the Kosi River in Nepal.
5) The old name of the Kosi River was Kausika.
6) River Kosi is termed the curse of Bihar.
7) It is called so because it causes destructive floods in Bihar.
8) These floods result in damaging the agriculture and houses of people.
9) Kosi River possesses the world's largest alluvial fan.
10) Human activities are also responsible for making the Kosi River a plight of Bihar.
10 Lines on Kosi River – Set 4
1) Kosi River is a transboundary river that flows through China, Nepal and India and is the major river that flows in Nepal and Tibet province of China.
2) Kosi River starts flowing from northern slopes of Himalayas in Tibet and to southern slopes of Nepal and forms a tributary north to Chatra Gorge towns.
3) Kosi River is also known as ‘Saptakoshi’ for its seven tributaries which include ‘Tamor River’ from Kanchenjunga in the east and ‘Arun River’ and ‘Sun Koshi’ from Tibet.
4) Kosi River is also known as ‘Kausika’ in Rigveda and is also mentioned in the epic Mahabharata as ‘Kausiki’; seven Koshis join together to form ‘Sapta Koshi’.
5) The Kosi River basin is surrounded by ridges which separate Kosi River from ‘Yarlung Tsangpo River’ in north, ‘Gandaki’ in west and ‘Mahananda’ in east.
6) Kosi River area comprises of six different geological and climatic belts with height ranging from 8000 m or 26,000 ft to 95 m or 312 ft.
7) Those geological areas of Kosi River are Tibetan Plateau, the Himalayas, the Himalayan mid-hill belt, the Mahabharat range, the Siwalik Hills and the Terai.
8) Kosi River is also known as ‘The Sorrow of Bihar’ as the annual floods affect about 21,000 square km of fertile agricultural lands which hampers the economy.
9) The river has an average water flow of 2166 cubic metres per second and the greatest recorded water flow of Kosi River was 24,200 m3/s on 24th August, 1954.
10) Kosi Barrage, Kosi Embankment System, and Sapta-Koshi High Multipurpose Projects are built on Kosi River for irrigation, flood control as well as producing electricity.
As we know that frequent floods in Bihar northern districts have made Kosi as the sorrow of Bihar but now a dam built on the Chatra Gorge at Barakakshetra controls the floods, allows irrigation on the agricultural lands of northern Bihar and provides electricity through hydropower. This multipurpose project was built as a joint forum of India and Nepal. Maize is largely cultivated on the sand-containing soil of Kosi River basin areas.