India is still suffering from the tremors of the recently caused Pandemic coronavirus. The news of bird flu spreading in states like Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, Haryana, and Gujarat is unpleasant for the nation. The mortality rates of the birds have reached lakhs. A red alert has been imposed by the government in the states where numerous birds have died due to bird flu.
This has become the current issue in India. It is necessary to know about this disease and its effects. I have provided a set of ten lines that might give a quick idea about the topic and will be easy to grasp.
Ten Lines on Bird Flu
Set – 1
1) Avian influenza or H5N1 is commonly called bird flu.
2) It is a highly transmissible disease and Influenza type A is a causal agent in birds.
3) Wild aquatic birds are the natural source of avian influenza viruses.
4) Different strains of the Influenza virus are responsible for swine, horse, dog, and human flu.
5) Out of three types (A, B, C) Influenza A is specific to birds.
6) Avian influenza accounts for the high mortality rate in birds.
7) Avian influenza is capable of transmission from birds to human beings.
8) The two types of avian influenza strains are high pathogenic and low pathogenic strains.
9) The high pathogenic avian influenza strain was first found in a goose in China in 1996.
10) In 1997, cases of human infection by bird flu were first reported in Hong Kong.
Set – 2
1) The bird flu caused by avian Influenza Type A is the most infectious disease of birds.
2) It is a transmissible disease and readily spread by the infected bird to the flock.
3) The bird flu symptom begins within two days to a week of infection.
4) It is the major cause for years for the high rate of mortality of birds.
5) The virus affects the respiratory and digestive tract of the birds.
6) The infection is transmitted by the saliva, nasal secretion, and feces of infected birds.
7) The virus strain after mutation is easily transferable from human to human.
8) In India, no case of bird flu in humans has been reported to date.
9) Treatment and vaccination can prevent bird flu from spreading.
10) The pigeons do not become ill or transmit the disease to humans as they can contract avian strains.
The government of India has given the order of culling the infected poultry so that the infection might be prevented from spreading among the non-infected birds. It requires treatment in a veterinary hospital and proper handling of the domesticated birds after they are infected with bird flu. It is a great issue in India as the infection is spreading in different states and large numbers of birds are dying. The risk of this disease is least in humans until they come in contact with infected saliva, feces, or consume improperly cooked meat of birds.