Fundamental Duties in Indian constitutions can be understood as a way to proclaim the fundamental rights. It is our duty to take care of everything including national, social and natural things. These duties are under directive principles of the state and are supposed to be followed by every citizen of India.
However, failing to follow won’t cause any legal damage but it must be the moral value of every citizen to understand their duty. Here, there are some paragraphs which will tell about fundamental duties of India.
Paragraph 1 - 100 Words (What are Fundamental Duties)
Indian citizens have moral duties that entail encouraging patriotic spirit, integrity, and unity throughout the country. According to Article 51A in Part 4A of the Constitution, there are 11 Fundamental Duties for every Indian citizen. The fundamental duties of our country shall therefore be respected by every citizen of India. As Indian citizens, it is our duty to contribute for the welfare of the country through all our activities.
The Constituent Assembly of India developed these sections between 1947 and 1949. They are considered essential to the constitution. Additionally, all citizens have an obligation to respect the heritage, preserve the culture and assist in defending the national symbols of India.
Paragraph 2 - 120 Words (Fundamental Duties in India)
The fundamental rights are mentioned in the part IV A of the Constitution under Article 51A they ask-
- To uphold the Indian Constitution and respect the national anthem and flag.
- A noble idea that glorifies and obeys the freedom struggle.
- Defend India's integrity, sovereignty, and unity.
- When the country deems it necessary, defend it and fulfill its national duties.
- Renounce all offenses against women and cultivate a spirit of harmony.
- To cherish our integrated culture by the richness of our national heritage.
- To protect and improve lakes, lakes, etc.
- Embrace humanism, science, and the research spirit.
- The public good needs to be protected.
- All activities should be performed at the highest level.
- Education for children 6-14 and older is provided.
Paragraph 3 - 150 Words (Historical Background of Fundamental Duties of India)
Based on recommendations of the Swaran Singh Committee, our constitution was revised, adding the 42nd Amendment in 1976. The 86th Amendment made the number of fundamental duties 11 in 2002, rising from 10 by the original amendment. The 11th duty mandates that over 6 years but under 14 years of age children have access to education. They are derived from the Constitution of Japan. Constitution of the Soviet Union (Russia) outlines these duties.
The expansion of principal obligations in our constitution has carried our constitution lined up with the Article 29(1) of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and with different arrangements of the cutting edge constitution of different nations. It was passed during the Emergency period that led to the 42nd Amendment Act, 1976. At that time, Indira Gandhi led the Indian National Congress which approved this amendment. In the debate over this amendment, there was considerable controversy. In this amendment act, different dates were specified for bringing into effect the provisions.
Paragraph 4 - 200 Words (Fundamental Duties and Us)
Although we are all aware of our rights, have we ever considered that as good citizens, we ought to think about other things besides rights. Apart from the rights, we can think about our duty which will take us towards the proper upliftment of India. If we are not even aware of our duties, then do we deserve to be called a good citizen?
By fulfilling our rights and fulfilling our duties, we fulfill our duty to our country. We should perform our duties towards our country very well if we wish to give new heights to our country. Performance of duties leads to the development of discipline which is vital for the advancement of any individual or country.
Importance of Fundamental Duties
Civic consciousness is expected to naturally develop over time, leading to citizens gradually becoming accustomed to performing these duties. Citizens should be expected to perform these duties as their highest duty. Although their duties were included in the constitution as directive principles and as fundamental rights, when the Constitution of India was passed, civil rights were not included.
Indian tradition, myths, religion, and rituals have always been characterized by the sense of duty. Citizens are advised not to participate in anti-national and anti-social activities. Providing inspiration & promoting discipline, commitment, and responsibility among citizens are their top priorities. Courts use them to examine and determine whether laws are constitutionally valid.
Paragraph 5 - 250 Words (Criticism and Cases related to fundamental duties of India)
Criticisms of the Code have described them as moral precepts because their non-justiciable nature makes them inapplicable to the courts. They were deemed unnecessary by critics. This is because the duties included within the Constitution as fundamental would be performed by the people albeit they weren't incorporated into the Constitution.
A portion of the obligations are obscure, questionable and hard to be perceived by the average person. The rundown of obligations isn't thorough as it doesn't cover other significant obligations like making choice, settling charges, family arranging, etc. Indeed, the requirement to pay charges was suggested by the Swaran Singh Committee.
Cases related to Fundamental Duties
The pundits said that the consideration of central obligations as a limb to Part IV of the Constitution has decreased their worth and importance. They need to add stern III to stay them like Fundamental Rights.
In AIIMS Students Union v. AIIMS 2001 it was held by the Supreme Court that major obligations are similarly significant like central rights. However major obligations are not enforceable like central rights but rather it can't be neglected as obligations in Part IV An is prefixed by a similar word basic which was prefixed by the initial architects of the Constitution to 'right' in Part III.
Since days of yore the accentuation in Indian culture as per the direct of the antiquated sacred texts has been on the person's kartavya, this is execution of one's obligations towards society, the nation and particularly towards one's folks. The Gita and the Ramayana urge individuals to play out their obligations without really focusing on their privileges.
FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions
Ans. Japan was the first country to implement the fundamental duty.
Ans. Yes, we should perform our fundamental duties.
Ans. There are 11 fundamental duties in the Indian constitution.
Ans. Fundamental duty comes under article 51-A.