ISRO is no doubt India’s one of the apex and respected government organization. From giving India a secure communication system to launching highest no of satellites in the world, ISRO has delivered always. It is currently on of the leading space agencies in the world. Even after some setbacks ISRO shined and became a centre of attraction for the world.
Here, you will get to know about ISRO in different sets of paragraphs which will be dealing with every aspects of ISRO. Hope you will like them.
Paragraph 1 - 100 Words (ISRO About and History)
The Indian Space Research Organization is also called the Bhartiya Antariksh Anusandhan Sangathan in Hindi. It is straightforwardly seen by the Prime Minister of India. The current administrator is K Sivan and a chief individual from Department of Space (DOS).
Ahemdabad's Physical Research Laboratory was founded by Vikram Sarabhai. The Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR) was established by first PM of India in 1962. The Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station (TERLS) launched a sounding rocket later in 1963. Founded on 15th August, 1969, the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) began activities. ISRO's first satellite, the Aryabhatta, was launched using a Soviet rocket in 1975, and it was one of the biggest milestones.
Paragraph 2 - 120 Words (Technological Aspects of ISRO)
It is one of the few agencies that have the capability to launch extraterrestrial missions with full launch capabilities, along with the capability of operating large numbers of artificial satellites.
Among its five launch vehicles, ISRO operates three of them, which are listed below:
1. PSLV - Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, launched in 1994, is a third generation launch vehicle. PSLV launched 48 Indian satellites during 1994-2017, and 209 satellites for international customers during that same timeframe.
2. GSLV - First launched on 18th April 2001, the Geosynchronous Launch Vehicle or Geosynchronous Launch Vehicle Mark II (MKII). As part of GSLV Mk II, the cryogenic Upper Stage (CUS), which is flight-tested, form the third stage.
3. GSLV-MK III - Chandrayan II was launched using the GSLV-MK III since it has twice the capacity of the GSLV MK II.
Paragraph 3 - 150 Words (ISRO in India’s Development)
For every country in the world, technology plays an important role. The Indian Space Research Organization has always found to be contributing in India’s technological development. The technological developments helped India to work on GPS, networks and Telecommunications. The developments which matter most are mentioned below.
1. IRS - Remote sensing satellites from India are known as Indian Remote Sensing Satellites (IRS) which is 250 residential remote sensing satellites in use worldwide.
2. GAGAN - A satellite communication, navigation, surveillance, and air traffic management plan is being implemented by the government to provide Civil Aviation with the Global Augmentation Global Positioning System (GAGAS).
3. INSAT - An Indian family of communication satellites, INSAT is the Indian National Satellite System (INSAT). With the INSAT-3DR weather satellite, the country can provide accurate weather forecasts with advanced meteorological (weather observation) data.
4. NavIC - It provides accurate real-time positioning and timing services through its operating name of NavIC, which stands for the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System.
Paragraph 4 - 200 Words (How India is prideful of ISRO?)
India is always prideful of ISRO as it has given a lot of success sometimes being in many budget to sometimes fighting the worst case scenario. The Indian Space Research Organization holds so special position as it was established 8 years later to Pakistan’s Space Agency and led its first satellite was carried on a bicycle. Since then ISRO has always developed itself. ISRO was established in the same year when NASA won space race by sending APOLO 11 to Moon.
Satellites from abroad
The Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) is regularly launched by India to launch foreign satellites. The program has been very successful for international customers. As of 2012, it cost US$73 million (roughly Rs. 450 crores) to launch its Mars Orbiter Mission, making it the cheapest mission to Mars. Due to its cost-effectiveness and reliability, a number of satellite-manufacturing countries are choosing ISRO to launch their satellites.
Achieving Success with bases and understanding situation
In spite of the fact that we just will find out about some normal places of ISRO, in any case, it is spread across 13 focuses all around the nation, specially, VSSC, LPSC and NMRF. For monitoring the weather in India, ISRO has developed various satellites.
Paragraph 5 - 250 Words (ISRO’s Achievements and Upcoming Projects)
ISRO has done a lot of notable works and is planning to work on more; ISRO works round the clock to bring something great out of nothing.
Counting achievements of ISRO is a big task. However, some of the biggest achievements are listed below which made India and ISRO proud.
- A total of 104 satellites were launched in one go by the ISRO in 2017. This target was accomplished by ISRO's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle.
- Chandrayan I, an India-led mission to find water on the moon, was launched on November 14, 2008.
- Mars Orbital Mission (MOM) - The Mars Orbital Mission or Mangalyan is probably the greatest accomplishment for ISRO. ISRO accomplished the objective of arriving at Mars in the most practical manner and turned into the main space office to arrive at damages in the primary endeavor.
ISRO is now planning some special missions which is not less than an excitement and enthusiasm among space geeks some of them are mentioned below.
- Satellite RISSAT-1A, a radar imaging satellite to launch in 2021, is an advanced radar imaging satellite. It has a similar configuration to RISAT-1.
- Solar Coronagraph Aditya-L1, the first Indian spacecraft mission to study solar corona in the visible and near-infrared band, was launched in 2010.
- An attempt at soft landing on the lunar surface will be made as part of Chandrayaan-3, a repeat mission of Chandrayaan-2. The event is scheduled for 2022.
- Gaganyaan 1-Uncrewed space apparatus flight test Gaganyaan ("Orbital Vehicle") is an Indian run orbital shuttle, the premise of the Indian Human Spaceflight Program to dispatch in June 2022.
FAQ: Frequently Asked Questions
Ans. ISRO was formed in 1969.
Ans. The founder of ISRO was Vikram Sarabhai.
Ans. The full form of ISRO is "Indian Space Research and Organization".
Ans. ISRO is located in Bengaluru.
Ans. The chairman of ISRO is K. Siwaan as per 2021.