Freedom struggle refers to all the events and activities that had taken place in the history of India to make it an independent nation. We all are aware of the fact that the country India was under British rule for a period of more than 200 years. This period was really a bad phase for the entire nation. The people of the nation had no rights and freedom to do anything of their own choice. It was the dire need of the nation and its people to get free from the rule of Britishers. The struggle initiated for the same was termed as India's freedom struggle for independence and finally, the country got its independence on 15th August in the year 1947.
Short and Long Paragraphs on Freedom Struggle
This is a very important topic for all the school students and civil exam aspirants. Several questions are asked from this portion in the competitive and entrance examinations. Students are also asked to elaborate on this topic in the exams. In order to write or answer the questions related to this topic, one needs to understand the same. In the same reference, I have provided some sets of short and long paragraphs on the topic of freedom struggle. I hope that this will be useful to all the students in getting an idea about writing or explaining about this topic.
Paragraph 1- 100 Words (The Freedom Struggle For Independence)
The entire freedom struggle for independence has been a set of significant events in the history of India. Our country India was not a free nation before 1947 and the people of the nation were under the clutches of British rule for a period of more than 200 years. The long-lasting dictatorship of Britishers made the people of the entire nation finally lose their patience and raise their voices against the Britishers for making India an Independent nation. This awakening led to the initiation of the Indian freedom struggle from the revolt of 1857 that was initiated by an Indian soldier Mangal Pandey. This freedom struggle was long-lasting and ultimately became successful on 15th August 1947 after the effort and sacrifice of unsung heroes of the nation.
Paragraph 2- 120 Words (Freedom Struggle: A Long Battle Of 90 Years Against Britishers)
The long time span of 90 years from the year 1857 to 1947 is stated as the period of the freedom struggle that had been initiated for making India an independent nation. The country India at present is a democratic nation and everybody has the right and freedom to do anything of their own choice. The scenario was not same in the past and it took years to make the country like it is in the present. The freedom struggle of the nation involved the sacrifice of the great Indian leaders and nationalists. The great freedom fighters like Mahatma Gandhi, Subhash Chandra Bose, Bhagat Singh, Lal Bahadur Shastri, etc have sacrificed their lives happily for the sake of the nation in order to provide us a shining tomorrow. It would be appropriate to state that the freedom struggle would not have been successful without the unity of the people of the entire nation and the efforts of these nationalists.
Paragraph 3- 150 Words (Role Of Freedom Fighters In Freedom Struggle)
‘India’s Independence is the contribution of every Indian freedom fighter and citizen who had fought bravely and sacrificed their lives to make it a free and democratic nation’. Every year we celebrate the Independence Day of India on 15th August 1947 as it is the day when India became free from the long-term British monarchy of more than 200 years. The freedom struggle as the name itself suggests was a long-term battle of the people of India with the Britishers. Many great leaders and citizens of the nation had to sacrifice their lives in this struggle for independence. The desire of getting free from the life of slavery and make the nation independent had led to the unity of the people of the entire nation. Sepoy Mutiny in the year 1857 was India’s first war of independence also stated as the revolt of 1857. This revolt was an initiation of the freedom struggle for independence and never stopped till India became an independent nation.
Paragraph 4- 200 Words (Need For The Initiation Of Freedom Struggle)
I think that we all have studied about the freedom struggle of independence in our school curriculum. It is true that we have not experienced that phase and came to know about that from our books and other sources. Have you ever thought that would India have been a free nation without the initiation of the War of Independence against Britishers? Moreover, the entire freedom struggle would never have been successful without the contribution of the great freedom fighters and the unity of the people of the nation.
Need For The Initiation Of Freedom Struggle
The Britishers came to the country India in the year 1600 with the motive of trade. They wanted to trade in silk, cotton, spices, indigo dye, and opium in India. The Europeans had become much interested in the country of India for their trade purposes. Later they had set-up an East India Company at Surat in the year 1608. They started developing a large empire of trade in the nation. Meanwhile, they also noticed that there are many states in the nation, and every state is ruled by its own ruler.
There was a lack of unity in the entire nation and they took an advantage of this fact. They had come to India for trade and started ruling the nation by using the policy of divide and rule. This was really devastating for the people of the nation as they had to live like slaves in the British regime. There was no freedom or rights granted to the people in British rule. This made the life of people totally like a hell. As a result, the patience of the people broke down and they united to make India free from the rule of Britishers and it had started with the revolt of 1857.
Paragraph 5- 250 Words (Important Events of The Freedom Struggle Of Independence)
Freedom is necessary for the existence of every living being on this earth. The life of a bird is meant to fly but if we place it in a cage it will be called the restriction of the freedom of the bird. In the same way, human beings require freedom to give their best in their life. If we talk of the past of India before independence the condition of the people was the same as that of a bird in the cage. The people of the nation were leading the life of slavery under the Britishers. The freedom struggle involving several movements, protects, arguments, etc from 1857 to 1947 resulted in making India a free nation.
Important Events Of The Freedom Struggle
The entire freedom struggle for independence was a long battle and difficult time for the people of the nation. A big salute to the courage of the freedom fighters and never losing hope of the Indians that resulted in making India a free nation on 15th August 1947.
- The Revolt of 1857 was the starting of the freedom struggle of independence. This was the first time that the people of India broke the silence and had raised their voices against the Britishers. This resulted in the end of the rule of East India Company in the nation and it came into the hands of the British crown.
- The formation of the Indian National Congress took place in the year 1885 by A.O. Hume. This was an important step in the freedom struggle of Independence.
- The Champaran Satyagraha was initiated by Mahatma Gandhi in the year 1917. The farmers of Champaran protested silently for not forcing them to grow indigo in their fields.
- Jallianwala Bagh Massacre that took place in the year 1919 is stated as one of the most brutal movements in the history of India. People had gathered in large numbers to celebrate the festival of Baisakhi in Amritsar. The order by General Dyer to open fire on the mob resulted in killing more than 350 people in the incident. This incident gave speed to the freedom struggle for independence.
- The Non-Cooperation movement in 1920, Dandi March in 1930, formation of Azad Hind Fauj or Indian National Army by Subhash Chandra Bose in Japan to fight against the Britishers, Quit India Movement in 1942 were some of the most important events in the freedom struggle of India. There were many freedom fighters like Bhagat Singh, Chandrasekhar Azad, Sukhdev, Rajguru, etc who had died at a very young age while fighting for the freedom of the nation. The contribution of our great leaders likes Subhash Chandra Bose, Mahatma Gandhi, Rani Lakshmibai, Asfaqulla Khan, Jawaharlal Nehru, etc and the people of India finally resulted in making India an independent nation on 15th of August in the year 1947.
FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions on Freedom Struggle
Ans. The Policy of Doctrine of Lapse was introduced by Lord Dalhousie in the year 1848.
Ans. V.D. Savarkar gave the name ‘First war of Independence’ to the revolt of 1857.
Ans. East India Association was founded by Dadabhai Naoroji.
Ans. The slogan ‘Swaraj is my birthright and I will have it’ was said by Bal Gangadhar Tilak.
Ans. The violent methods Chauri Chaura incident in the year 1922 made Mahatma Gandhi call off the Non-Cooperation Movement.