Democracy is mainly all about the government of the people, by the people, and for the people. This means the type of government in which all the power resides in the hands of the people.
There was a time when the country was ruled by a dictatorship. When talking about dictatorship, the first name that strikes our mind is ‘Hitler’. We have read about the brutal situation people had to suffer at that time. But now the time has changed, now various rights in fact most of the powers rely on the hands of the people. Today we will discuss democracy, a way of providing authority to the common public.
Short and Long Paragraphs on Democracy
Here, I’m providing paragraphs on Democracy in different word limits. These paragraphs would be helpful for students of classes 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, and 10. The language is kept easy so that you can easily understand this topic in less time.
Paragraph 1 - 100 Words (What is Democracy?)
Democracy refers to the form of government in which all the powers reside in the hands of the common public. These powers include the process of choosing leadership, policies, and other undertakings. A democracy is a system within an institution or even in the country that promises power-sharing among all the people either directly or indirectly.
Democracy is the opposite of the autocratic (rule of an elite) system in which all the power and control resides in only one hand. The modern democracy we face today is an indirect or representative form of democracy which is contrary to the earlier practiced democracy, which was a direct democracy.
Paragraph 2 - 120 Words (Democracy in India)
The word democracy is well connected with India. India is the biggest democratic country that provides its citizens, right to choose their leader by the process of voting. The democracy in the country was derived from the Indian constitution, drafted under Dr. B.R Ambedkar. India accepted democracy after independence.
India is a federal, democratic country in which people are not discriminated against on the basis of caste, race, religion, gender, etc. Every eligible individual, above 18 has the power to choose their leader and live happily.
The democracy of the nation is well maintained as it follows the five basic principles. They are a republic, sovereign, secular, socialist, and democratic. However, there is a need to improve the democracy of the country but it has better democracy than other countries.
Paragraph 3 - 150 Words (History of Democracy)
The term democracy is associated with the Greek word ‘Demokratia’, where ‘Demos’ refers to people and ‘Kratos’ refers to rule. This term was introduced in the middle of the 5th century BCE. It was coined to denote the existing ruling system in ancient Greece especially in the city-state of Athens.
The first example of democracy was observed during 508-507 BC in Athens, under Cleisthenes. At that time, the eligible citizens were free to speak and vote in the assembly. However, the women, foreigners, slaves, and youth of lower age were not allowed to vote.
During 700 BC, range voting or score voting emerged in Sparta, Greece. In this process, people were allowed to give one score to their favorite candidate and at last, the person with the highest score will be declared as the winner.
Around the 6th century BCE, the first example of the republic was seen in Vaishali (capital city of the Vajji Mahajanapada), India.
Paragraph 4 - 200 Words (Democracy - Better than Other Form of Government)
There are many reasons why democracy is better than other forms of government. Some of them are listed below:
- Free to choose: Democratic form of government provides us the opportunity to choose our leader, therefore the government is run by and for the people whereas the other form of government includes dictatorship.
- People’s government: A democratic government is a people’s government that takes care of the needs and requirements of its people.
- Responsibility: The democratic form of government is considered the most responsible government because they have the fear that if not working properly there will be less chance to be chosen next time. Hence, the quality of decision-making is also improved.
- Equality:Democracy provides equality to all citizens by giving them the power to choose their leader irrespective of their caste, religion, or gender. It does not discriminate against people and tries to keep the same social status of the rich and poor. Therefore, it also improves the dignity of the citizens of the country.
- Another Chance: Democratic government provides us a chance to rectify our own mistakes. If the general public is unsatisfied with the leader, they have the power to change him next time.
Paragraph 5 - 250 Words (Detail View of Democracy)
Democracy allows us to choose a ruler which will work on behalf of the people who had chosen them. A few characteristics of democracy are:
- It has an opposition party to keep an eye on the work of the ruling government.
- It is surrounded by law and regulation which is the same for all.
- Democracy represents a more transparent and open form of government.
- It supports distributed power rather than centralized power.
Types of Democracy: There are two main types of democracy; direct democracy and indirect democracy.
- Direct democracy sometimes also refers as pure democracy provides all the power in the hands of the people. In a pure democracy, every single law, policy, andbill was decided by the people.This type of democracy was practiced in ancient times.
- Indirect democracy, also sometimes referred to as representative democracy, is the form of government that we follow today.In this democracy,people choose their representative who is then responsible for making laws and policies for them.
Democracy in different countries: Democracy in different countries is measured according to the Democracy Index. On a scale of 167, 23 countries are categorized as fully democratic, 52 as flawed democracies, 35 as hybrid regimes, and 57 as authoritarian regimes by the Democracy Index. The US, France, Belgium, India, and Brazil are considered under flawed democracy.
Demerits of democracy: Apart from merits it too has some demerits. The main disadvantage is corruption. The electoral process comes with an increasing rate of corruption. Another problem is consistency. Due to the regular changing of the leader, the problem of instability arises. However, it also slows down the process of decision-making.
FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions on Democracy
Ans. The International Day of Democracy is celebrated on 15 September every year in the world.
Ans.Cleisthenes is considered as the founder as well as the father of Athenian Democracy.
Ans.The largest democratic country with the largest written constitution is India, a country in Asia.
Ans. On 15 August 1947, the country became an independent country and with the adoption of the constitution on 26 Jan 1950, it declared itself as a sovereign and democratic country.