We can define it as “A dynamic or fientive verb is a verb that shows continued or progressive action on the part of the subject”.
The world Dynamic is an adjective which means movement or change. It has duration and occurs over time (with or without defined endpoint). Dynamic verbs are like to run, to hit, to savour, to go, to intervene, etc. Dynamic verbs are used to describe an action rather than a state, that’s why sometimes known as action verbs. For example:
- I am chasing the car.
- I am reading
Wide range of continued or progressive actions on the part of subject, expressed by the dynamic verbs, can be physical (to run), mental (to ponder), and perceptual (to see). Whereas, stative verbs are completely opposite to it, they are used to express the state of the subject (without or no obvious action, such as to know, to believe, to suppose etc).
Dynamic verbs are used in both, simple and perfect forms (such as plays, has played, played and had played) as well as continuous or progressive forms (such as is reading, was reading, has been reading and had been reading).
List of Dynamic Verbs
Following is the list of dynamic verbs:
Jump, swim, handle, wash, swing, improve, eat, drink, go, type, listen, read, write, listen, narrate, speak, watch, say, outline, grow, work, fix, persuade, sleep, cook, record, talk, zoom, learn, target, introduce, grow, treat, sleep, run, uncover, become, act, validate, complete, zap, design, develop, gather, head, help, interview, justify, lead, measure, negotiate, originate, perform, predict, regulate, save, show, study, transform, travel, unveil, use, value, visualize, widen, walk, build, draw, etc.
Examples of Dynamic Verbs/Use of Dynamic Verbs in the Sentence
Following are the examples showing the use of dynamic verbs in the sentence:
Most of the dynamic verbs describe activities or events which can begin and finish, such as:
- I play football every Friday.
- She is playing hockey right now.
- I read newspaper every day.
- I go for morning walk every morning.
- He was eating chicken yesterday.
- He was playing cricket on Monday.
- He is acting
- My company is targeting to employ new and young employees.
- We have targeted a new market for this brand new product.
Exercises for you
Dynamic verb exercises given below will help you in analyzing your knowledge about dynamic verb. Just go through all the details given above about the dynamic verb and check your skill by doing following exercises for dynamic verb. We have used dynamic verbs in the following sentences; you need to check your skill by identifying dynamic verbs in each sentence:
- I am eating my dinner, so I cannot talk to you right now.
- I am running since one hour that’s why breathing very fast.
- He has stolen my beautiful necklace.
- I was sleeping when he came into the shop.
- I write articles in Times of India newspaper.
- It is raining heavily since two hours.
- He helped me many times.
- I have sliced fruits very beautifully.
- He whispered something in my ear.
- I threw the ball out of eye sight.
- He worked hard for this programme.
- I played cricket nicely.
- I have learned new English words to strengthen my vocabulary.
- He listen my speech very peacefully.
- He begged some money to me.
- They drink much water during summer season.
- He called me at dinner today.
- I asked my teacher about the exam schedule in detail.
- I can swim very nicely in the deep swimming pool.
- He acts very funny in the annual function.
- He has designed my wedding suit.
Answers: 1 – eating, 2 – running, 3 – stolen, 4 – sleeping, 5 – write, 6 – raining, 7 – helped, 8 – sliced, 9 – whispered, 10 – threw, 11 – worked, 12 – played, 13 – learned, 14 – listen, 15 – begged, 16 – drink, 17 – called, 18 – asked, 19 – swim, 20 – acts, 21 – designed
Modal Auxiliary Verbs