Mahavir Jayanti is celebrated for marking the birth of Lord Mahavira. He was the 24th and last Jain Tirthankara of Jainism. We have poured all the valid information regarding the significance of the festival and journey of Lord Mahavira’s life in the paragraphs mentioned below. Kindly go through it.
Short and Long Paragraphs on Mahavir Jayanti
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Mahavira Jayanti is the biggest festival of Jainism. It is celebrated for the birth of Lord Mahavira. Lord Mahavira was born in 599 BC (according to Swetambar Jain group). As per Hindu Almanac, his birthday was in Chaitra month. According to the Gregorian calendar (English Calendar), his birthday falls in late March or in mid of April. However, the Digambar Jain group claims that Lord Mahavira was born in 615 BC.
He was born in Ikshvaku dynasty of Kundalgrama, Bihar. He was born to King Siddhartha and Queen Trishala. He chose an ascetic way of life by living in exile from the age of 30.
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Mahavir Jayanti is commemorated for the birth anniversary of Lord Mahavira. As per mythological facts, before the birth of Lord Mahavira, her mother got fourteen auspicious dreams indicating the birth of a deity. During her pregnancy, the whole Kundalgrama kingdom was facing a cheerful phase of health and wealth. Astrologers predicted had she will give birth to a Chakravarti warrior or a Tirthankar.
On the birth of Lord Mahavira, deity Indra bathed newborn with celestial water on Sumeru Mountain. Lord Mahavira was a holder of a Charisma, from an early age the lustre of his divine entity was recognized by everyone. Non-Injury (Ahinsa), Truthfulness (Satya), Non-stealing (Asetya), Non-Adultery (Brahmacharya) & Non-Possession (Aparigraha) were the five principles of Lord Mahavira. He left his divine body (Or he attained Nirvana) at the age of 72 in Pawapuri district of Bihar.
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Mahavir Jayanti is also known as Mahavir Janm Kalyanak. Lord Mahavira is also called ‘Vardhman’. It means prosperity, as after the birth of Lord Mahavira his kingdom was filled with prosperity. Lord Mahavira's ideologies were mainly based on Ahinsa (Non-Violence). According to him, a good human being will never hurt anyone knowingly or unknowingly. Mahavir Jayanti is one of the biggest festivals of Jainism. Various rituals are performed on this day.
Celebration of Mahavir Jayanti
On the eve of the fest, people shower Lord Mahavira Idol as a ritual before performing Puja. Jain followers decorate Jain Temples with flowers, flags, and threads. Puja rituals include floral tribute and chanting Lord Mahavira mantras and songs.
People fasts and they try to remember Lord Mahavira's teachings. Silent Prayers are organized. Lord Mahavira's followers came out with procession on the occasion of Mahavir Jayanti. The procession is carried by Lord Mahavira Idol on a chariot (Rath), Drummers, Horses, Elephant, etc. People donate clothes and food to needy ones on Mahavir Jayanti.
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Mahavir Jayanti is celebrated for the birth anniversary of Lord Mahavira. He left his home at the age of 30. He was said as the founder of the Jain religion. Let’s have a quick look at the facts:
- Among all the states of India, Gujarat and Rajasthan celebrate Mahavir Jayanti on a huge level.
- Parasnath Temple of Kolkata conducts grand celebrations of Mahavir Jayanti.
- In Gujarat, Girnar and Patilana Jain Temples are the main attractions of the fest.
- In Pawapuri, Patna Jain Procession and decoration of Jain temples are also remarkable on the eve of Mahavir Jayanti.
- Shree Mahavir Ji, Temple of Rajasthan is carried grand celebration of Mahavir Jayanti.
- Mahavir Jayanti is not only limited in India but across the globe Jain community celebrates it.
- The ritual of ceremonial bath (Abhisheka) of Lord Mahavira idol is significant.
- In the 17th century in Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh grand procession was taken.
- People eat fruits, nuts, and veggies and not consume onion and garlic.
- As per Hindu mythology, Lord Mahavira is said as the Avatar of Lord Vishnu.
- People bring Lord Mahavira's idols at home and perform Abhisheka and other holy rituals on Mahavir Jayanti.
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Mahavir Jayanti is observed in the month of March or April. Lord Mahavira was the founder of Jainism; he is the last Tirthankara of Jain religion. At the age of 30, he left his home for attaining enlightenment. He roamed, visited and preached his principles across Bharat Bhumi. His parents were a follower of Lord Parshvnath. According to Hindu mythology, Lord Mahavira is said as an Avatar of Lord Vishnu. Lord Mahavira lived his life in silence and deep meditation.
Yearly Mahavira Jayanti is commemorated with the zeal and zest. In 2020 Mahavir Jayanti will fall on the 6th of April. On this day various political and famous public figures greet the nation and deliberate a speech on the life of Lord Mahavira.
His native place Kundalgrama (currently Vaishali district of Bihar) depicts the story of his glory and his life. The southern part of India also celebrates Mahavira Jayanti with the zest. In Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Telangana, etc, a glimpse of the procession is seen on the day of Mahavira Jayanti.
What is the Message of Mahavir Jayanti?
Mahavir Jayanti tells the importance of simplicity. The teachings of Lord Mahavira depict the principles of truthfulness, non-violence, etc. According to these principles, one could attain nirvana or he can be enlightened. Vardhman Mahavira always helps poor, so his birth anniversary spreads the message of helping the poor.
The beggars near temples are served food and get clothing on the day of Mahavir Jayanti. Mahavira Jayanti tells the glory of Deity Mahavira. His principles of Simplicity signify a holy way of life. People remind his teachings on the fest.