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Jallianwala Bagh Massacre was the greatest tragedy of Indian history that took place on 13th April in 1919. It resulted in the brutal assassination of thousands of unsuspecting Indian pupils. The massacre was condemned by some and some also justified it; nevertheless, it was an act of extreme barbarism.

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Jallianwala Bagh Massacre also called the Amritsar Massacre took place on 13th April 1919 at Jallianwala Bagh located in Amritsar city in Punjab state. Thousands of Indians were gathered to peacefully protest against the British atrocities and anti-Indian policies. The crowd also consisted of women and children.

The acting military commander of Amritsar, Reginald Dyer entered the park with his troops and asked them to open fire on the crowd. The panicked crowd rushed to the already locked exits and narrow passages. Those who escaped the bullets became victims of stampede and suffocation. The day was a very dark phase in the history of modern India.

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Jallianwala Bagh Massacre was a brutal killing of thousands of unarmed and unsuspecting Indians gathered at the Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar, Punjab. The massacre took place on 13th April 1919 on the day of Baisakhi festival.

The main conspirator behind this barbaric act was a British Army, officer General Dyer. Thousands of Indian men, women, and children have gathered at the Bagh to join a peaceful protest against the Rowlatt Act.

General Dyer blocked the only main exit of the park and asked his troops to open fire. The firing continued for around ten minutes until the ammunitions were exhausted and thousands of lives were lost. More people were killed due to stampede and suffocation than with the direct bullet wounds.

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On a fateful day of Baisakhi on 13th April 1919, thousands of Indians were killed by a contingent of the British Army under the command of General Dyer. The General ordered his troops to open fire on the unsuspecting crowd, resulting in over a thousand deaths.

It is a shameful scar on British Indian history, shameful for the Britishers of course, but no less shameful for the Indians. The reason being, the troop that opened fire on an unarmed crowd constituted of Indian soldiers from Sikh and Gorkha regiments. Dyer ordered his troops to shoot at the crowd from a high bank.

He also ordered them to kneel down and fire to inflict maximum casualties. Soldiers were also ordered to reload their rifles several times until the ammunition exhausted after around ten minutes. Around one hundred and twenty bodies were recovered from a well which was located in the middle of the park.

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The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre was a murder of thousands of Indians, committed by one acting Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer.  On 13th April 1919, Dyer ordered his troops to open fire at peacefully gathered Indians at Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar. Ironically the soldiers those fired at the crowd consisted of Gurkha and Sikh regiments of the British Indian Army.

Despite being Indians themselves, they were so loyal to their British masters that they readily opened fire on the unsuspecting crowd of men, women, and children. The massacre causes thousands of deaths due to bullet injuries and stampede.

The action of Dyer got mixed reactions from over the world. Rudyard Kipling, the famous English writer stated that Dyer just did what he felt was the right thing to do. Rabindranath Tagore renounced his knighthood and highly condemned the act of Dyer.

The most heartbreaking analysis of the events at Jallianwala Bagh was done by Mahatma Gandhi. Sadly, Gandhi justified the acts of Dyer, by stating that as per his own perspective, Dyer was saving the lives of other Britishers living in Amritsar. How a peacefully gathered mob constituting largely of women and children, was a potential threat to the life of someone, was never ever made clear neither by Dyer nor by Mahatma Gandhi.

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The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre is a mass murder of Indians that took place on 13th April 1919 at Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar, Punjab. The incident happened on the day of Baisakhi, which is a major festival celebrated in the state of Punjab.

Thousands of Indians gathered in the Bagh to peacefully celebrate Baisakhi and also to protest against the deportation of two national leaders, Saifuddin Kitchlew and Satyapal. Many merchants and traders from far off places had come to Amritsar to do business on the occasion of Baisakhi.

But as a curfew was imposed by the British Administration and any celebration prohibited, people naturally gathered at the Jallianwala Bagh. Around six thousand Indians have gathered by mid-afternoon. General Dyer knew about the developments but he didn’t make any attempt to peacefully disperse the crowd.

Without giving any sort of warning to the gathered crowd, General Dyer entered the Bagh with armed troops and blocked the only wide exit at the Bagh. When the panicked crowd was trying to leave the park, choking the only exit gate, General Dyer ordered his troops to open fire at the crowd towards the densest section.

After about spending over 1600 rounds and around ten minutes, a cease-fire was ordered by Dyer. He is later known to have said that the action was not to disperse but to teach Indians not to disobey. Many people jump to their death in the only well at the center of the park to save themselves from the bullets.

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions

Q1. When did Jallianwala Bagh Massacre take place?

Ans. Jallianwala Bagh Massacre took place on 13th April 1919.

Q2. What does a massacre mean?

Ans. A massacre means the killing of a large number of people.

Q3. Who got angry with Jallianwala Bagh Massacre?

Ans. Jallianwala Bagh Massacre made Bhagat Singh Angry and made him fight against British Raj.

Q4. Whom did people protesting in Jallianwala Bagh?

Ans. The people were protesting against Simon Commission.