Independence Day of India is a national event to be celebrated in every part of the nation. It falls on the 15th of August every year which the entire nation celebrates with great dedication and patriotism. It is a very important day in Indian history as it was the day when India got independence from British sovereignty after a long time of struggle. The day is worth to be celebrated for every citizen of the nation.
74th Independence Day of India – 15 August 2020
Since the Independence Day of India is celebrated every year, we will be celebrating its 74th anniversary on 15 August 2020, and it will be Saturday of the week. Though there are some traditions that are being followed on the occasion since the first celebration of the day, every anniversary of the day brings something new worth to be remembered by the people forever. Now it is a time for us to wait and see what happens new on the 74th celebration of the event.
What was Special on 73rd Independence Day – 15 August 2019
We had celebrated the 73rd anniversary of the Independence of India on 15 August 2019, on Thursday. It was a great day which brought us a chance to remember the freedom fighters of the nation and pay them homage on such an auspicious occasion. There were many such things which made the day and also the year memorable and worth to be shared with others.
- The Prime Minister of India unfurled the Indian flag, and the entire nation sang the national anthem together after it.
- The Prime Minister congratulated everyone on attaining independence. His words had the pride of being an Indian.
- As usual, the Prime Minister met children present there and shook hands with them.
- Before one month of the occasion, the government had declared invalid the Triple-Talaq.
- People remembered the martyrs of Pulwama Attack between Jammu and Sri Nagar which had taken the life of 40 Indian soldiers on 14 February 2019.
- The distribution of Gallantry awards on the day made the occasion more special.
- The government of India revoked article 370 from Jammu and Kashmir on 5 August 2019.
- After the revocation of article 370, the Lieutenant colonel Mahendra Singh Dhoni also unfurled the Indian flag in Leh.
We celebrate the Independence Day of India every year on the 15th of August because India had got freedom from the British Government on the same day in 1947. But do you know what had happened before it? What is the history of India before 15 August 1947? Let’s read about it in brief below.
Before becoming an independent nation, India was a colony of the British Government. They ruled over India for almost 200 years. During this period, they taken away all the resources of India and completely exploited the Indians. The Indians were living like bonded labour in their country.
But there were some people whose self-respect could not digest this unruly behaviour of the British Government. They revolted against the government many times and sacrificed their lives for the freedom of their motherland. Their relentless efforts and unwavering faith brought the dawn of independence to India.
Timelines of Freedom Struggle of India
During the around 200 years of freedom struggle, India has gone through many movements, revolts, and many other historical changes. These are worth to be read, and we have provided a timeline based on it below:
- 1600 – East India Company was established in India on 31 December.
- 1817–Paika Rebellion was organized by the British Indian Army in Odisha.
- 1857 – The famous Revolt of 1857 led by Mangal Pandey and started on 10 May from Meerut.
- 1864 – Scientific Society was established by Sir Syed Ahmed Khan.
- 1878 – Freedom of Press was assured through the ‘Vernacular Press Act’, proposed by then viceroy Lord Lytton.
- 1882 – Hunter Commission (Indian Education Commission) was established for the growth of education in India.
- 1883 – Lord Ripon proposed the Ilbert Bill.
- 1884 – Ilbert Bill was passed by then Government of India.
- 1885 – Indian National Congress was founded at Bombay in India.
- 1897 – Swami Vivekanand founded Ram-Krishna Mission.
- 1905 – Lord Curzon announced the Partition of Bengal in July, and it took place in October.
- 1906 – All India Muslim League was founded at Dhaka.
- 1907 – Surat split of Indian National Congress.
- 1908 – Khudiram Bose was executed on the 11th of August.
- 1909 – The famous ‘Minto-Morley Reform (Indian Council Act)’ took place.
- 1910 – ‘Indian Press Act’ was promulgated by the British Government.
- 1911 – The Partition of Bengal was canceled.
- 1912 –Rashbehari Bose and SachindraSanyal threw a bomb on Lord Hardinge, Delhi became the capital of India.
- 1913 – ‘Ghadar Party’ was formed.
- 1914 – ‘First World War’ started on 28 July.
- 1915 – Mahatma Gandhi returned from South Africa.
- 1916 – Bal GangadharTilak established ‘Home Rule’ in April.
- 1916 – ‘Lucknow Pact’ between Indian National Congress and Muslim League took place in December.
- 1917 – Champaran Satyagraha was started by Mahatma Gandhi.
- 1918 – ‘Madras Labour Union’ was established.
- 1919 – ‘Montagu Chelmsford Reform’ took place, ‘Rowlett Act’ was passed and the brutal ‘JallianwalaBagh Massacre’ happened.
- 1920 –‘Non-Cooperation Movement’ started.
- 1922 – ‘Chauri-Chaura Incident’ took place.
- 1923 – ‘Swaraj Party’ was established.
- 1925 – ‘Kakori Conspiracy’ took place.
- 1927 – ‘Simon Commission’ was established.
- 1928 – Bhagat Singh and Rajguru assassinated Saunders, and ‘Simon Commission’ reached India in February.
- 1929 – Bhagat Singh and BatukeshwarDutt bombed in Central Legislative Assembly, and ‘Purna Swaraj’ was declared in Lahore on 31 December.
- 1930 –‘Civil Disobedience Movement’ and Dandi March’ started, ‘Chittagong Armoury Raid’took place and ‘First Round Table Conference’ happened.
- 1931 – ‘Gandhi Irwin Pact’ on 5 March and 2nd Round Table Conference.
- 1932 – 3rd Round Table Conference and Poona Pact.
- 1935 – ‘Government of India Act’ took place.
- 1937 – Under the Act of 1935, elections took place in India.
- 1938 – Subhash Chandra Bose became the president of Congress.
- 1939 – ‘Second World War’ started on 1 September.
- 1941 – Rabindranath Tagore died on 7 August.
- 1942 – ‘Quit India Act’ took place and ‘Azad Hind Fauj’ was formed.
- 1945 – ‘Shimla Conference’ by Wavell to form the executive council of Indian leaders.
- 1946 – Royal Indian Air-Force Mutiny.
- 1947 – India became an independent nation on the 15th of August.
Some Important Movements of Indian Independence Struggle
- Paika Rebellion
Paika Rebellion was started by the British Indian Army of East India Company in Odisha. This army was called Paika, and they rebelled because they were not given as many facilities as were given to the British army. Even, the Indian army was also forced to pay extra taxes, but the British army was free from it. These situations of Indians forced them to rebel against the East India Company. The Paika Rebellion was led by the Bakshi Jagabandhu, but unfortunately, it was failed. Paika Rebellion is considered to be the first rebellion for the independence of India.
- Rebellion of 1857
The Revolt of 1857 was an important rebellion of the history of India. It was such a terrible incident, in the fiery flames of which the existence of the Britishers seemed to be burning away.
Although there were many reasons for this rebellion, such as political, religious, economic, and social, etc. but the most important of them was the discontent in the military. The Enfield rifle was invented then in Britain. The cartridges of these rifles were made of the fats of cow and pig. Soldiers had to cut their cap from the mouth to put into the rifle. These greased cartridges ignited the rebellion.
The Rebellion of 1857 was led by the British Indian soldier Mangal Pandey. The revolutionaries did not succeed in the purpose with which the revolution of 1857 was initiated. There were many reasons for the failure of this great revolution.
- The Kakori Conspiracy
The Kakori Conspiracy was a train robbery led by Ram Prasad Bismil and Ashfaqulla Khan. They looted a train with their friends at Kakori near Lucknow which was carrying some goods of the British Government. They had looted the train to get some money so that they could purchase Guns and Bullets and continue their struggle for freedom of India. The Kakori Conspiracy succeeded in burning the fire of nationalism in Indians, and they came forward to hold a weapon for their independence.
- Non-Cooperation Movement
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi led the first non-co operational movement in India from 1920 to 1922. The reason behind conducting this movement by Mahatma Gandhi was the disrespectful behaviour of the British Government towards Indians. This movement got mass support and made the British Government think about their rules and regulations.
“A Tryst with Destiny” - Speech by Jawaharlal Nehru on 15 August 1947
On the mid-night of 14 August 1947, when India was going to have a new era of civilization and opportunities, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, who was about to be the first Prime Minister of India, addressed the nation. That speech of Nehru in the mid-night is known as ‘A Tryst with Destiny’.
In the speech, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru said that India was going to experience a new life from the next day. All that Indians have dreamt of for a long time was going to be true since the next day. Though it was not complete liberty, the period of that was about to start. A glorious future was waiting to start and the journey for an independent and developed India was about to begin.
The Prime Minister also said that the future was not going to be easy for us. There were many obstacles to come in the path of the development of the nation. But he advised us to stay with peace and brotherhood. These are the tools for making India a great nation. He also said that the world is hoping for India to be a developed Asian country.
Methods of Celebration/Activities on 15 August
Independence Day of India is celebrated by the people of all religions, community, and regions together. It is a national festival, so the nation celebrates it all together.
The most important activity of the day is unfurling of the Indian flag by some prominent personality of the locality, city, state, or the nation. The flag hoisting ceremony is done in almost every part of the nation, whether a village or a town. First of all, people clean an appropriate place and put the Indian national flag there. Flag hosting happens in the entire nation together at the same time. Then people deliver some speeches depicting the story of the struggle of India for freedom. They remember the freedom fighter and pledge to keep the legacy of the nation.
There is the grandest celebration held at Rajpath in New Delhi where the Prime Minister of India hoists the national flag from the rampart of Red Fort and then addresses the nation through live telecast over televisions and radios. He also tells people about his plans for the growth of the nation. The band of the Indian Defence Services plays the national anthem in front of the Prime Minister of India.
The Schools, Colleges, various organizations, and other educational institutions also remain the centre of attraction on the day. Students and children conduct there different social and cultural programmes. Some students also present plays and dramas based on the stories of Independence. They are awarded according to their performances.
Some people visit orphanages and distribute sweets among the children there. They also distribute them the Indian flags and enjoy them all day with them. The government distributes many awards, and so do many organizations too. It is a great day of pride for the people of India.
Objective and Significance
Independence Day of India is a national celebration aimed at making people realizes the importance of freedom in our life. Though we all love the freedom that has been passed to us by our freedom fighters, we should not forget their sacrifices. One of the major reasons behind celebrating such an auspicious occasion is remembering the cultures and traditions of our nation and fills the sense of patriotism among the people here.
Through the Independence Day celebration, children come to know about the glorious past of the nation and troubles it has gone through that period. The occasion also gives us a chance to show our love and respect for our freedom fighters like Bhagat Singh, Chandra Shekhar Azad, etc. Through the various cultural events, we present our cultural values in front of the World.
We also see the military power of our defence services on the day through their parades. It is the Independence Day of our nation when the people of different religions, whether Hinduism, Sikhism, Christianity, or Islam, stand together and share their love for their motherland forgetting the boundary of differences among them. So it is the best day to experience the brotherhood among the Indians.
The Independence Day of India is one of the three national festivals of India. It is our right and duty to celebrate the day with joy and happiness, forgetting the personal rivalry. Though we have become independent now, we must work to be a global power. There are many issues that need our attention like population, pollution, depletion of natural resources. We should work on reducing them so that we can save our nation as well as our earth.