Democracy states that the formation of government depends upon the elections. The people directly or indirectly vote for their candidates to be elected. The countries having a democratic form of government has great importance of Universal adult franchise.
We will be discussing the Universal Adult Franchise in the various short and long paragraphs given below. I hope it might be useful for you in learning about the Universal Adult Franchise.
Short and Long Paragraphs on Universal Adult Franchise
Paragraph 1 - 100 Words (What is Universal Adult Franchise)
Universal Adult Franchise is the foundation for all types of elections in a democratic form of government. The root word for Franchise is ‘Franc’ which means free. Universal adult franchise grants the permission of voting rights to all people 18 or above 18 years of age.
It states that people of any nation can cast their votes without discrimination on any grounds like caste, creed, religion, sex, color, etc. The must be equality granted to all the citizens for voting. Voting is the right of citizens in all nations and especially democratic nations. This makes a nation to become a successful democratic nation in the world.
Paragraph 2 - 120 Words (Universal Adult Franchise and Right to Vote)
Universal Adult Franchise states that every adult citizen of the nation is having an equal right to participate in the election. This participation is done by voting in the elections. Anybody in the nation having attained the age of 18 years are eligible for voting without any discrimination. The age criteria are almost equal in the different democratic nations of the world. There has been a history of massive struggles behind attaining equal rights to all citizens for the casting of votes.
The elections are necessary for the formation of a government in democratic government. The equal right for voting would involve the decision of every citizen in the making of the government. This is most important for every democratic nation and will help in the formation of fair and unbiased government.
Paragraph 3 - 150 Words (Universal Adult Franchise and Democracy)
India is stated as the largest democracy in the world. The formation of government in the nation is totally dependent upon the decision of the people. Every democratic form of government is only a successful one if the participation of the people of the nation is hundred percent.
The participation infers about the voting right of the citizens. Universal adult franchise means that the constitution of India grants the right of voting to all adult citizens in the elections. The adult citizen refers to the people who are of 18 years or above. There must be no discrimination on any grounds. This enables every citizen either rich or poor to cast their valuable votes in the elections.
Equal participation gives an equal opportunity to all men and women. There are many nations where males can only cast their votes and women do not have this right. Women form an important part of society. The non-participation of women can never result in the growth and progress of the nation.
Paragraph 4 - 200 Words (Role of Universal Adult Franchise in People’s Right to Vote)
The Universal Adult Franchise is an important aspect of elections in India. The constitution grants the right to every adult individual to cast their votes for their representatives in the election. The people of the age group of 18 above get the franchise of voting.
Grants Equality to All
The system of voting for people was very different in the past. It was considered that the people who are knowledgeable and wealthy should only have the right to voting. Moreover, there were many nations in the world where voting rights were granted only to men and not to women. The Universal adult franchise is included in the constitution of India at present. This enables everybody belonging to any religion, caste, creed, group to cast their votes. It states that equality is the most important factor for democracy. Successful democracy can never exist without providing equal rights to every citizen of the nation.
Helps People in Knowing the Working Procedure of Government
Every citizen of India has the right to decision-making in the formation of the government. The formation of government takes place by-election for different positions in the government. The representatives are elected directly or indirectly by the people of the nation. The participation is people are very important in the functioning of the government. They must understand and know about the working procedure of the government. This will enable them to take part in the decision-making processes of the government.
Paragraph 5 - 250 Words (Universal Adult Franchise: History, Origin and Importance)
India became a democratic nation after it got its independence from the clutches of British rule in 1947. The world’s longest written Indian constitution was drafted and was adopted on 26th November 1949. The constitution of India gave the right of Universal Adult Franchise. The gives the right of voting to every citizen of the nation having attained the age of 18 or above. The votes can be given by every citizen without discrimination on any basis.
Initiation of Universal Adult Franchise in India
The journey of granting Universal adult franchise to all the citizens of India was not so as it seems today. It was very difficult for this to be enacted in the nation as it had been ruled for more than 200 years by the Britishers. The leaders had to face many struggles, debates, and discussions for inculcating universal adult franchise in the constitution. This greatly helps in commencing people’s rule in the nation and marked the end of colonial rule. Universal Adult Franchise means that every person of the nation has been granted a right to vote. This enhances the virtue of equality among all.
Single Person – A Single Vote
Every person has the right to give a single vote in the election. It cannot happen that wealthy people have more votes and poor people have no right to vote. The person belonging to any background has the right to cast only one vote. Earlier only the wealthy and knowledgeable people were having the right to vote. It was considered that they have the knowledge of the working of government and have a good share in the building of the nation. Thus, they were only given voting rights. The scenario at present is not the same as before. Everybody can vote without being discriminated against on any basis.
FAQ: Frequently Asked Questions
Ans. It means that people of age 18 and above in India have the right to vote.
Ans. Its objective is to grant political equality to every citizen of India.
Ans. The idea of equality without discrimination is promoted by the Universal Adult Franchise.
Ans. Universal Adult Franchise came into effect in India in 1950.
Ans. New Zealand was the first country in the world to introduce the Universal Adult Franchise