We are often attracted towards the things that look good in outer appearance. Isn't it true? Here I am talking about the outer appearance of the fruits and vegetables. Most of us buy vegetables that look fresh and good in appearance. The fruits and vegetables in the market that appears good and green are not healthy. It is because they have been grown by the use of chemical fertilizers. These days most of the fruits and vegetables present in the market are grown by using chemical fertilizers instead of using organic fertilizer. Organic farming involves the use of organic fertilizers and products obtained that is good for health.
I have provided some sets of short and long paragraphs explaining organic farming, its importance, and its advantages. This is an important topic for students and exam aspirants. I hope that these paragraphs might be beneficial to all the students in getting an idea of writing on this topic.
Short and Long Paragraphs on Organic Farming in English
Paragraph 1- 100 words
Farming that involves the use of natural or organic fertilizers during the production of crops are stated as Organic Farming. Manure obtained after composting, green manure, and bone meals are used as organic fertilizers by the farmers. The increased demand for food due to the increased population has led to the initiation of the Green revolution in the world.
This had totally changed the traditional methods of farming due to the development of newer farming methods, tools, and techniques. It led to the beginning of the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides for obtaining a good yield of the crops. This development in farming techniques and procedures can be beneficial for a limited period of time as it has adverse effects on the soil as well as the environment.
Paragraph 2- 120 words
Organic Farming is a technique of farming that have been prevalent before the 1950s has been again instituted as modern organic farming in the 20th century with some improved methods and techniques. It states about reducing the use of chemical or artificial fertilizers in farming. It lays stress on the use of natural resources and fertilizers obtained by natural methods for growing different crops.
It will not only be good for getting healthy products but also make the soil rich in nutrients. The crops, fruits, and vegetables are grown by using fertilizers and pesticides that contain toxic chemicals. They are also not healthy as they are deficient in essential nutrients. Farming using artificial fertilizers is good for a short time but not appreciable in long run. The organic farming techniques and tools never become a threat to the environment and thus it is stated as sustainable farming.
Paragraph 3- 150 words
Farming is the method of growing food for the people of the world. It would never have been possible without the presence of soil rich in different nutrients.
The soil is the provider of nutrients to the plants and helps in their growth and development. It must be ensured that our methods, tools, and techniques of farming must not contribute to altering the quality of the environment. The use of artificial fertilizers and chemicals has been contributing to the same for decades. We are happy and satisfied as we get whatever we need but we never care about our natural resources.
The soil is a valuable natural resource that is being depleted of essential nutrients because of the use of artificial fertilizers and pesticides in the crops. These chemicals provide nutrients like nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium to the plants and help in getting a good yield. On the contrary, they are not good for the soil and make it poor in nutrients.
Paragraph 4- 200 words
Organic farming is based on the use of natural resources. It does not appreciate the use of artificial or chemical products in farming. Earlier when artificial chemicals, pesticides, tools, and techniques were not in existence the farmers were using natural fertilizers like animal manure, green manure, and compost for growing the crops. Organic farming with some improved methods is again being adopted by the world.
A Step towards Sustainable Agriculture
Organic farming utilizes everything that can be obtained naturally from the environment. The humus formed by the decaying of different plant parts like leaf, root, shoot, etc is used as manure and fertilizer. In the same way, the animal dropping is also used as the manure in the fields. The essential nutrient in this way returns back to the environment and soil. This implies that organic farming does not cause any harm to the environment or alters the quality of the environment. It can last forever without disturbing the equilibrium of nature and natural resources. Therefore, it can be stated that organic farming is a step towards practicing sustainable agriculture.
Status of Organic Farming in India
Modern Organic farming after initiation is now practiced in many countries of the world. It is at a developing stage in the country of India. There are some states that have instituted this method of farming but it requires time for bringing all the agricultural land under organic farming. The Sikkim state of India has been recognized as the first state for practicing 100% organic farming. The government of India has also launched several programmes and policies to foster organic farming in India. Slowly and gradually the percentage of organic farming will be increased in every state in the coming future.
Paragraph 5- 250 words
Organic farming is a method that is beneficial in conserving natural resources. It is because this farming method makes use of things of natural origin. This will help in conserving the efficiency by making it nutrient-rich so that the pants and crops growing that soil would be healthy and nutrient-rich. This method of farming involves sustainable use of natural resources without deteriorating their quality.
Replacing the Conventional Method of Farming
The increasing development led to increasing in the population. There were many people to eat but the production of food was very less. The requirement of food in India was fulfilled by the grains that were imported from the other countries. The advent of the Green Revolution in the 1950s had brought a major change in the traditional farming methods.
There was the development of different farming tools and techniques. The introduction of artificial fertilizers, pesticides, Genetically Modified Crops has changes the scenario of farming. These developments led tremendous yield of crops. The use of chemical fertilizers and artificially prepared seeds had brought that magic.
There was surplus production of different crops that reduced the food deficiency in the nation and also stopped the import of food grains from other nations. Conventional farming is useful but for a short period. It cannot be practiced for a longer time. It is because it deteriorates soil quality, contaminates groundwater and surface water.
Essentials of Organic Farming
- Focusing on the use of natural fertilizers instead of artificial fertilizers
- Practicing crop rotation, intercropping, and crop diversity
- Leaving crop residues in the soil
- Crop residues decay to form humus and that acts as a natural fertilizer
- Stopping the use of chemicals for destroying weeds, pests, etc
- Weed control by utilizing mechanical, biological, and physical strategies
- Pest control by using natural pesticides like neem and tobacco.
FAQS: Frequently Asked Questions
Ans. Sir Albert Howard a British botanist is regarded as the father of modern organic farming.
Ans. 0.03% of cultivated land is under organic farming in India.
Ans. Subhash Palekar an agricultural scientist is known as the father of organic farming in India.
Ans. Sikkim state in India is called a fully organic state.
Ans. India organic is the certification mark for organic products in India.
Ans. The National Programme for organic production was launched in the year 2000.
Ans. Australia is the country in the world that has the highest organic farming.