“Cleanliness is next to Godliness”. We have heard this famous proverb many times and in fact, also know its meaning. Cleanliness plays a very important role not only for us but also for the whole society. It is human duty to keep yourself as well as your society neat and clean. We all are well aware of the new mission of India named as the “Swachh Bharat Abhiyan”. As the name suggests, “Swachh” means clean, “Bharat” refers to the India and “Abhiyan” means campaign. Therefore, we can say that it is a campaign to keep India clean. The famous slogan of this campaign is “one step towards cleanliness”.
Short and Long Paragraph on Swachh Bharat Mission in English
Here, we are providing paragraph on Swachh Bharat Abhiyan in different word limit which would help you to understand this mission more clearly.
Paragraph 1 – 100 Words
Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is a mission or program started in 2014 by Government of India. This Abhiyan was started under the governance of Prime Minister Narendra Modi. He introduced this mission on the occasion of Gandhi Jayanti that is on 2nd October at Rajghat (Delhi), memorial dedicated to Mahatma Gandhi.
The main aim of this mission is to ban open defecation in India and improve waste management. It also deals with making people aware of the importance of cleanliness and sanitization. The first phase of this Abhiyan was from 2014 to 2019, it had been already ended. And the next phase is also launched by the Government for the year 2020 to 2024.
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The Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is the re-formation of the old program “Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan” (NBA). It was launched by the Government of India in 1999, to generate awareness among people regarding importance of sanitization in rural areas. Although, this program didn’t have a great impact on the society. In context to this, the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is said to be the largest cleanliness drive introduced in India.
More than millions of government employees along with students and common people were participated in this campaign from different parts of India. Many social workers, public figures like Sachin Tendulkar (cricketer), Priyanka Chopra (actress), Amitabh Bachchan (actor), BabaRamdev (yoga guru), Mridula Sinha (politician) and many more are considered as the brand ambassador of this campaign.
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The Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is divided into two programs, one for rural and another for urban areas. It is named as Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (SBA)- Gramin monitored by Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitization, for rural areas and SBA- Urban monitored by Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, for urban areas.
The rural people usually don’t use toilets; they used to go outside in places like forests, ditches, canals or fields. They practice open defecation instead of using toilets. However, some don’t even have toilets in their house.
The Government of India had spent about INR 40,700 Crores since 2014 to provide funds for this Abhiyan. About 110 million toilets had been constructed by the Government over different villages in the year 2014 to 2019. People are warned to use toilets otherwise they won’t be able to enjoy different government schemes. Various public toilets have been set up in different areas for the convenience of people under this Abhiyan.
Paragraph 4 – 200 Words
On the occasion of 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi in 2014, the Government had decided to let the dream of clean India intended by Mahatma Gandhi (father of the nation) come true. Gandhi Ji taught the lesson of cleanliness to the people. He believed that the self-hygiene and sanitization is very important for all of us, as various diseases can be caused due to poor hygiene. In order to pay tribute to our famous freedom fighter Mahatma Gandhi, our Prime Minister Narendra Modi proposed the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan or Clean India Mission.
Objectives of Clean India Mission
The main objective of this campaign is to make every state of India Open Defecation Free (ODF), due to which several deaths occur every year.
- Proper solid and liquid waste management is another important step of this program.
- Spreading awareness among public regarding importance of hygiene and cleanliness.
- Making public toilets in every area to avoid ODF (Open Defecation Free).
This Mission doesn’t mean only to clean our surroundings but also to plant more and more trees which will make India pollution free. The clean and green India will attract more tourists thus making India Incredible.
Paragraph 5 – 250 Words
Swachh Bharat Activities
Various activities had been organized by the Government to promote Swachh Bharat Abhiyan. People can share before and after pictures to show their contribution in this campaign. There are about 26,563 Swachh Bharat Activities done and there are 51,343 active participants. However, 90,006 Swachh Bharat pledges are taken till the date.
Swachh Bharat Abhiyan: Gramin
In rural areas, Government provides funds to construct toilets in every house, and also ensure their proper usage. Women need not to go outside during evening which is good from the safety point of view. Gram Panchayat and other community also raise general awareness among rural people. About 6,03,004 villages declared themselves as ODF. And there is about 61.24% increase in houses with toilets since 2 October, 2014.
Swachh Bharat Abhiyan: Urban
In urban areas, several steps have been taken by the Government of India under this program.Various community toilets as well as public toilets had been set up in the areas like bus stations, marketplace, tourist places, etc. About 6,15,864 community public toilets have been constructed since 2014 which is more than the target.
Impact of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan
Bio-toilets have been set up in trains for proper disposal of waste. Some movies had been made to highlight the importance of hygiene. In school’s various activities has been started to promote cleanliness among students.
Dustbin at every place and door-to-door garbage collector has been set up by the Municipal Corporation of every area. Different color is used for garbage disposal like green colored dustbin is used for wet and bio-degradable garbage whereas blue colored dustbin is used for dry and non-biodegradable garbage. The purpose of this colorful dustbin is to maintain proper recycling of waste disposal.
FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions
Ans. Sikkim is considered first ODF state in March 2016.
Ans. Indore (Madhya Pradesh) is considered as the cleanest city of India.
Ans. Patna (Bihar) is considered dirtiest city.
Ans. “Ek kadam swachhata ki ore” (One step towards cleanliness) is the tag line of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan.