India is rich in its cultural and regional diversity. The rain, land, and crops share a special bond with humankind. They are base of lives dwelling on earth, every year the harvest season is commemorated across India with different names and traditions. Pongal is one of the major Harvest festivals of India that is celebrated in southern states. We have created some of the important paragraphs on the Pongal in the section mentioned below. Kindly read it as per your need.
Short and Long Paragraphs on Pongal Festival
Paragraph 1 – 100 Words
Pongal is one of the most important harvest festivals. It is celebrated in the Southern states Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, etc. Pongal is also known as Thai Pongal, and it is celebrated in the month of January-February. Pongal involves a four-day celebration; each day is refilled with special festive activities.
The relation between humans and nature is the base of this pious festival. People celebrate the harvest season. Women cook “Pongal” in an earthen pot. Pongal dish includes lentils, milk jaggery, and rice. The word Pongal means overflowing. When a nice boil and the overflowing texture will appear in the earthen pot, then it is considered that the family is blessed with abundance.
Paragraph 2 – 120 Words
Pongal is widely celebrated in Southern states. People eagerly wait for the festival and celebrate it with great joy. On the eve of Pongal, women prepare traditional dishes and wear traditional dresses. Homes are decorated with flowers and Rangoli.
People visit temples and thank god for the harvest season. When the rice gets spill over an earthen pot, it symbolizes the family is blessed with health and wealth. It is said that with spillover in the pot, it is considered as perfectly cooked Pongal.
Pongal is celebrated across Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, and all other regions where the south Indian community resides. Interestingly, Pongal is also celebrated in Sri Lanka. The traditional Pongal celebration displays a picture of people singing and dancing and in the middle of the chorus and celebrations, an earthen pot is put on a high flame.
Paragraph 3 – 150 Words
Pongal is one of the biggest festivals of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh. The term Pongal means spillover or to overflow. On the occasion of the festival, women prepare a special dish with all the grains and jaggery in an earthen pot. The dish is called Pongal, when the dish started spilling over the earthen pot, then it’s considered that the family is happy and wealthy.
As per the history, the ritual of celebrating Pongal was initiated by the Sangam dynasty in 5th to 3rd century BC. It is also considered that the tradition of celebrating Pongal was started in the 13th century CE in the Chola dynasty.
During the Sangam rule, Pongal was celebrated as “Pavai Nonbu”. During the fest, the young girls worship god for bringing the rain shower for a good harvest. In Chola Dynasty, Pongal was famous as “Puthiyeedu”, in this custom the land was donated to the temples.
Paragraph 4 – 200 Words
Pongal is a grand festival of Tamil Nadu and other southern states. As per the Tamil Calendar, the festival starts from the last day of the "Margazhi" month and celebrated till the first three days of the "Thai" month. The festival is celebrated for four days. Each day has its special significance:
Bhogi Pongal: The first day of the Pongal festival is celebrated as Bhogi Pongal. The last day of the Margazhi month of Tamil Calendar is celebrated as Bhogi Pongal. On this day people burn the discards from their house. On this day people color the bullock and oxen horns.
Surya Pongal: It is the second day of the festival. On this day people prepare traditional Pongal dishes in an earthen pot. The day coincides with the Makar Sankranti festival. On this day people decorate their homes with banana and mango leaves. They make Kolams on the entrance of their homes.
Mattu Pongal: Mattu Pongal is the third day of the Pongal festival. On this day Tamil devotees worship cattle. Mattu refers to cow or bullock. They decorate the cattle with garlands, turmeric, and other holy items.
Kaanum Pongal: Kaanum Pongal is the last day of the grand Pongal festival. On this day people visit each other home. Various cultural and traditional events are organized.
Paragraph 5–250 Words
Pongal is the holy festival of the Tamil and order South Indian communities. It is the harvest festival. People celebrate this festival with various rituals. They wear new clothes, cook special Pongal dish, color their home, color and decorate cattle’s and various other rituals are organized on this day. Every year it is celebrated in January-February.
Pongal means the boiling or the overflow. The spill over the Pongal Dish from the earthen pot is the symbol of the health and wealth of a family. On this day all government and private institutions remain closed. The Pongal Prasadam is offered to God Sun. The last day of Pongal is considered important for the brothers and sisters. On this day sisters pray for the long life of their brothers. Before the Pongal fest, houses are cleaned and decorated with flowers and rice flour Rangolis.
The elder one of the family pour rice and water on the day of Pongal, People visit temples and seek blessings to God. Young girls dress up in a traditional dress and perform a traditional dance. Pongal is said as the starting of the Uttarayan sun. Families seek blessings to God for the wellness of their family members.
Sugar Cane is consumed by the all Tamil community; the newly harvested sugarcane symbolizes the piousness of the festival. On this day people wear traditional new dresses and cherish the festivity with their family members. The Bullock and Cows are decorated with garlands and turmeric. They are worship by the people. The Hill Pongal festival is the most awaited festival.