Jawaharlal Nehru was an Indian freedom fighter and a politician. He was also called “Chacha Nehru” by the children as he shared an affectionate bond with them.
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His birthday on November 14th is celebrated as Children’s Day. Pandit Nehru became the first Prime Minister of India after independence.
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Jawaharlal Nehru or Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was an Indian freedom fighter and a political leader. He also became the first Prime Minister of India after independence. He worked closely with the father of the nation, Mahatma Gandhi, during the independence struggle. He was also very fond of children and was called Chacha (uncle) Nehru by them.
Jawaharlal Nehru is also described as the architect of India. He belonged to a wealthy family and his father Motilal Nehru was a rich lawyer of Allahabad High Court. Nehru entered Indian politics in the early 1900s and with the approval of Gandhi became the President of the Indian National Congress in 1929.
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Jawaharlal Nehru was an Indian freedom fighter and the first Prime Minister of India. He was born at Allahabad in the British governed India. He was born into a rich family, so his childhood was largely safe and uneventful. He was taught at home by private tutors. He went for higher studies in England. There he got influenced by world independence movements and started thinking about India’s independence.
Unlike his father, Nehru had no interest in practicing as a lawyer. In 1913, Nehru collected funds for Mahatma Gandhi’s Civil Rights Movement in South Africa. After some time, he started campaigning for the rights of Indian farmers and laborers in other British colonies. Later on, he became an important figure in Indian politics and freedom struggle.
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Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of India. Although he belonged to a rich family, he wanted to take part in the freedom struggle. Graduating from Britain, he returned to India and became a member of the Indian National Congress.
His father Motilal Nehru was a two-time president of Congress. During his membership in the Congress, Jawaharlal became close to Mahatma Gandhi. Gandhi supported Nehru and unanimously made him the Congress President in 1929, succeeding his father Motilal Nehru.
Before becoming the Congress President, Nehru was also imprisoned for his role in the non-cooperation movement in 1921. Nehru became politically active as Congress President. Nehru also worked closely with Subhash Chandra Bose; however, the two parted their ways when Bose decided to fight militarily against the British.
On the proposal of Nehru, Mahatma Gandhi pressed the demand that the British to grant dominion status to India within two years, which was later curtailed to one year. The demand was rejected by the British inciting Nehru to demand Total Independence.
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Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru also called Chacha Nehru by the children was a popular Indian political leader and freedom fighter. He was a Kashmiri Brahmin, whose descendants have migrated Jammu Kashmir to Delhi, sometimes in the 18th century. His father Motilal Nehru had been the President of the Indian National Congress and was also a wealthy lawyer. Childhood of Jawaharlal Nehru was spent in luxury and richness.
Later he went to England for studies and stayed there for seven years. Nehru returned to India in 1912 and was called to the bar in Allahabad High Court. But, the profession didn’t generate his interest and he quit from the bar. Soon after, he attended the Patna session of the Indian National Congress.
From there on he drew closer to former Congress President and father of the nation, Mahatma Gandhi. Gandhi proposed Nehru as the Presidential candidate of the Indian National Congress in 1930. Nehru won and was declared the President of INC.
From there on began his journey into the Indian Freedom struggle, under the mentorship of Mahatma Gandhi. He was highly influenced by Gandhi’s principles and philosophy. Nehru was behind the idea of Dominion Status to India which he later changed to complete or total independence or Purna Swaraj.
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Jawaharlal Nehru was a freedom fighter and a political leader of India. His contribution to the Indian independence movement is immense. He also liked children very much and was commonly referred to as Chacha Nehru. He was also a close associate of Mahatma Gandhi and the latter was his mentor throughout. He had planned many movements demanding dominion status and total independence for India.
Jawaharlal Nehru organized the first Kisan March in Pratapgarh, then in United Province which is the present-day Uttar Pradesh. He was imprisoned twice from 1920-1922 for his role in Non-cooperation Movement. He was also active in opposing the Simon commission and was also baton-charged at Lucknow in 1928. The same year Jawaharlal Nehru formed the “Independence of India League” and was appointed as its General Secretary.
Nehru was the President of the Lahore session of the Indian National Congress in 1929 in which the resolution for India’s total independence was passed. Again from 1930 to 1935, Jawaharlal was imprisoned several times for his role in Salt Satyagraha and other similar movements. Nehru wrote his autobiography titled “Toward Freedom” when he was in prison between June 1934 and February 1935.
He was again arrested in 1940 for opposing the British Government's decision to send Indian soldiers to participate in the First World War. The decision was taken without consulting the Indian political class and was also against the public sentiments. His efforts into the Indian freedom struggle bore fruits when India gained independence on 15th August 1947 and he became the first Prime Minister of independent India.
FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions
Ans. Jawahar Lal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of India.
Ans. Jawahar Lal Nehru was popularly known as Chacha Nehru or Pandit Nehru.
Ans. On the birthday of Jawahar Lal Nehru, Children’s Day is celebrated.