Fundamental Rights are the set of codes of conduct for the republic of India. Basically, they act as the safeguards for the Indian citizens. For a better understanding of readers, we have prepared some important paragraph focusing on fundamental rights. Kindly read it as per your need.
Short and Long Paragraphs on Fundamental Rights
Paragraph 1 – 100 Words
On 26 January 1950, the Fundamental Rights of India was finally established for the citizens of India. Directive Principles of our Indian Constitution constitutes a section called fundamental rights. It demonstrates the rights of independent India. During the colonial period, the need for fundamental rights for Indian citizens was highly demanded.
For sorting all of these reasons, full-fledged fundamental rights came into force for the general public of India. Around the Globe, India is considered as the largest democratic country. Liberty, Socialist, and Secularism are the main motto of the Indian constitution. India is diverse in culture. But it is the glory of our nation that on the same code of conduct the whole nation is relied upon. For all of the Indian citizens, there is a set of six fundamental rights.
Paragraph 2 – 120 Words
Fundamental Right is an integral part of the Indian Constitution. It is carrying a beautiful journey. During the colonial period, the students union of India was highly inspired by the British Parliament system. In 1919, the Rowlett Act passed by the British government gave powers to arrest Indian students.
This gives birth to the mass movement against the British community. That time people were highly influenced by the Constitution of Ireland, the fundamental rights of Irish. Basically there were two committees behind the full-fledged Fundamental rights of the Republic of India:
- Advisory Committee on Fundamental Rights: This committee was headed by Sardar Patel in the year 1947; basically it was about minorities’ rights, tribal and excluded rights.
- Sapru Committee Recommendation: In 1945, the Sapru Committee report was published carrying the Non-Justifiable Rights and Justifiable Rights.
Paragraph 3 – 150 Words
There are the following reasons fundamental rights are treated as important for the citizens of India:
- Work as a Base of Democracy: Fundamental Rights act as the base of a democratic country as it provides a certain code of conduct to live in India.
- Provide consent of Secularism: Fundamental Rights provides a secular environment for the person living in India.
- For securing the minorities in society: Minorities are also part of India, and there are special privileges provided in our society.
- For fighting against exploitation: There is a special right mentioned in our fundamental rights, for raising voice against exploitation of innocent.
- The base of regulation of law: Fundamental Rights are the regulatory body for citizens of India.
- Interrelates the Individual from the country: These rights act as a pool for connecting an individual from the country as a whole.
- Act as a shield for preserving Humanity: Fundamental rights act as a safeguard for preserving humanity, as they provide some ethics for preserving the interest of citizens of India.
Paragraph 4 – 200 Words
There are six fundamental rights of the dominion of India, which are as follows:
- Right to Equality: Right to Equality states that all the citizens should be treated equally. There is no discrimination on the basis of their caste, creed, gender, race, colour, nationality, etc. Article 14 to Article 19 of Our Constitution contains the Right to Equality.
- Right to Freedom: Right to Freedom includes, Freedom of Speech, freedom of assembly, freedom to form associations, freedom from movement, freedom to reside and to settle, freedom of profession, occupation, trade or business.
- Rights against Exploitation: Right against Exploitation is the awareness against human trafficking it involves child labour, affecting the dignity of women.
- Right to Freedom of Religion: Right to freedom of religion states that freedom of being free for choosing any religious beliefs, way of life. It also states that the conversion of religions across the country will not be considered as a punishable offence.
- Cultural and Educational Rights: It states that a person is free to choose the educational and cultural preference. It also includes that a person is free to follow his/her cultural group and practices.
- Rights to Constitutional Remedies: Constitutional remedies empower the citizens to move to the court in case of denial of their fundamental rights. It involves the submission of writs, asking to see the court in case of imprisonment, etc.
Paragraph 5 - 250 Words
Fundamental of Rights is the reflection of Policy of a country towards its citizens. In India, fundamental rights provide safety for society dwelling across the nation. No one can imagine a nation without fundamental rights. What if India didn’t implement the Rights in its Constitution?
A nation without fundamental rights is the same as the chaos of the world. Rules and regulations are made to follow them and rights provide a way of life for all of the citizens. India is said as one of the biggest democracy around the world. So it is unimaginable to think India without any fundamental rights.
Some Interesting Facts about Fundamental Rights
Fundamental rights have been modelled on the basis of the U.S. Constitution. In the year 1895, after the popularity of Swaraj Bill, the actual need for the Fundamental Rights was felt. England’s Bill of rights was considered a basic idea behind the fundamental rights of India. These rights cannot be changed or taken away easily.
After the 44th constitution amendment ‘Right to Property’ was removed from the fundamental rights. Fundamental Rights are subjected to reasonable limitations. If any of the contradictory acts is needed then, Directive Principles of State policy will prevail over fundamental principles.
Right to Life and Personal Liberty: Under Article 21(Right to Life and Personal Liberty) of Constitution, now there are some special rights that fall under it. These are the Right to clean environment, Right to safe drinking water, Right to education and Right to privacy.
FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions
Ans. Fundamental rights are provided by Indian constitution to maintain the democratic power in India.
Ans. Fundamental Rights are provided in the 3rd part of the constitution.
Ans. There are a total of 6 fundamental duties.
Ans. The right to buy land was removed from the constitution.