Flood refers to a condition when water from a water body or rain accumulates over an otherwise dry area, causing havoc and destruction. Floods can cause considerable damage to life and property. It is impossible to prevent floods, yet many methods can help prevent the damages caused due to them.
Short and Long Paragraphs on Flood
Paragraph 1 – 100 Words
Flood is the partial or full submergence of an area underwater due to natural or other man-made disasters. The natural reason for the flood is rain while breaking a dam is one of the manmade causes of flood. Floods could result in loss of life and property.
Humans are helpless against rains and downpour, but the construction of dams and reserves helps in containing water and preventing floods. Also, timely and proper construction of river banks and dams will help prevent the overflow of water thereby preventing floods. Planting trees in flood-prone areas will also help contain flood by a considerable level.
Paragraph 2 – 120 Words
The term flood is used when water from a water body such as a river, lake, etc breaks the embankment and spreads over the plain area. Heavy rain in a river’s catchment area causes it to flood beyond its capacity. An over swelled river breaks its embankment and floods the plains, especially at the bends.
Flood is common in some of the parts of India during the monsoon. It causes large scale damage to life and property. Houses get submerged in water, making everyday normal living miserable. Acres of agricultural land also get flooded with water, causing severe damage to the crops and destabilizing the economy. Flood is a phenomenon that has no advantage whatsoever and is always a reason for the loss.
Paragraph 3 – 150 Words
Flood is a natural disaster caused due to natural events like rain, storm, cyclone, etc. Whenever there is rainfall it fills the rivers, lakes and other water reserves. These reserves have a capacity to carry water, which depends on their physical parameters like – height of the embankment and the number of bends, in the case of the river. Now, if a river or lake receives water beyond its sustaining capacity; it will naturally throw the excess over its bank, onto the plains. This is flood and the whole process is called flooding.
However, even a relatively small amount of rainfall can cause flooding of a congested or low-lying area. This type of flooding is mostly seen in urban areas during the monsoon. Excessive construction of roads and buildings has altered the level of the plain, making it a non-uniform, kind of high-low type which causes water to accumulate in a particular area.
Paragraph 4 – 200 Words
A flood is a phenomenon in which the dry land gets submerged in water. The severity of the flood depends on the amount of water released over the plains. Water level over the flooded area could vary from a couple of centimeters to several meters. Floods are common in many places, especially during the monsoon season.
It is caused when the drainage system of a river, receives heavy rainfall, more than what it can handle. A flood could also result from some man-made causes. The construction damages in a dam can cause the water from its reservoir to spread over the plains causing a flood.
Floods are destructive causing large-scale loss of life and property. The damage caused to agriculture over a particular area is also immense. Both animals and humans are left vulnerable against the force of nature. Flooding of an area could be a setback to its development and economy.
Sometimes the revival may not be easy and it might take years to replace the physical damages. Every year millions of people are affected by floods and it also causes economic losses to the tune of millions of dollars annually.
Paragraph 5 – 250 Words
Flood is a phenomenon causing the spread of water over usually dry plains. There have been several floods in the past; those have caused severe loss of life and property. Floods could be caused by several reasons as listed below:
- Heavy Downpour – Rains especially heavy or continuous rains have the potential of causing floods.
- Tsunami – It is another natural phenomenon that causes the almost instant flooding of shoreline by waves reaching up to as high as ten meters.
- Damaged Dams – Damaged dams have the potential for leaking large volumes of water over the plains, resulting in a flood.
- Global Warming – Global warming causes the melting of glaciers resulting in raised sea level thereby resulting in floods.
- Improper drainage system – Lack of proper drainage system in a city could cause rainwater to accumulate in an area, resulting in a flood.
There could be several other factors causing the flood. Some ways to prevent the flooding and the damages that it causes are given below:
- Flood Warning – Flood warning systems are the best way to prevent damages caused due to floods.
- Widening of River Banks – One of the main causes of damage due to flood is human settlements vary close to the banks, which should be avoided.
- Forest Plantation – Planting forests over the area with potential flood threats will considerably lower the damages caused due to the floods.
- Better Drainage system – A proper drainage system should be designed to provide an easy exit to the floodwaters.
FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions
Ans. Flood happens due to deforestation, excessive rain and tsunamis.
Ans. Bihar is the most flood prone state in India.
Ans. Flood affects more than $40 billion annually.
Ans. The Central China flood in 1931 was the deadliest flood ever came.