The election commission is an important and autonomous body that has been formed by the constitution of India. It plays a major role in conducting the different types of elections held throughout the nation. This topic is of great relevance in different competitive exams. I have provided short and long paragraphs about the topic.
It will facilitate the students to know about the election commission, its functions, and its responsibilities in the nation. I hope it might be useful for aspirants of competitive exams.
Short and Long Paragraphs on Election Commission of India (ECI)
Paragraph 1 – 100 Words
Democracy is the form of government where the people have the right to form the government by choosing their representatives through elections. Our country is the largest democracy in the world, so, several types of elections are held in different parts of the nation. Election Commission is the body that has been established in 1950 to supervise all the elections held in different parts of the nation.
The function of the Election commission is to conduct the elections in a free and fair way. This body has been managing the different tasks in the elections in a proper way for more than 70 years. It has also introduced several changes and technologies according to the need of the time for making the system work in an efficient manner.
Paragraph 2 – 120 Words
The election commission is a permanent and independent body that has been formed by the constitution of India. It was formed 71 years ago on 25th January 1950. This day is now observed as National Voters Day. The body works under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Law and Justice in the government of India. India is a nation where different elections are regularly held in different parts of the nation.
The representatives at district, state, national levels are elected after the elections. The election commission is responsible for conducting these elections in a proper way without any kind of violence or cheating. This helps in reducing the fear from the mind of people and encourages them to cast their votes in a peaceful manner. Free and fair elections result in providing the nation good governance and make it a successful democracy.
Paragraph 3 – 150 Words
The election commission of India is an independent body that manages the election procedure in the nation. It has its role in the election procedure of both state and central levels in India. The elections are held in the nation after a regular interval of time. The body makes sure of conducting the elections in a free and fair manner.
It is most essential for maintaining the democracy of the nation. The election commission also issues the model code of conduct to the political parties and candidates participating in the elections. This helps in reducing fraud, cheating, and violence in the process of election.
The election commission looks after everything during the elections. It conducts the nomination processes; allocates symbols to political parties, and keeps a check on expenditure by candidates in the election. It ensures that the virtues like equality, justice, transparency, freedom, and integrity are observed in the elections. The establishment of an election commission in the nation has made the election procedure more systematic and convenient.
Paragraph 4 – 200 Words
India is stated as a democratic nation after it became independent from the rule of Britishers in 1947. The nation is regarded as the largest democracy in the world. The government in the nation is chosen by the people and through elections. The election commission is a self-governing body in the nation that is responsible for conducting the elections held at different levels in the entire nation.
The framework of the Election Commission
The constitution of India formed the election commission on the 25th of January in 1950. The head quarter of the election commission is situated in New Delhi. The Article 324- 329 in the constitution states about the function, power, tenure, etc of the election commission and its members.
The senior deputy commissioners are responsible for assisting the commission at the central level. The Principal Secretary or Chief electoral officer of the state is responsible for assisting the commission at the state level. The assisting officer of commission at the district level is the District Magistrate of the district.
Amendments in the Election Commission
There have been some changes done in the election commission from its formation till present. Initially, the election commission was a single-member body. There was only one chief election commissioner appointed during the set up of the election commission in 1950. Later in 1989, two more chief election commissioners were appointed. The election commission became a multi-member body after the passing of the ‘The election commissioner amendment act, 1989.
Paragraph 5 – 250 Words
The election commission of India is a constitutional body that came into effect on the 25th of January 1950. It had been set up to function as a supervising body in the elections held in different parts of the nation. It helps in conducting the elections at both the central and state levels in a peaceful manner.
Selection of Election Commissioners
The election commission is an autonomous body that consists of a Chief election commissioner and two election commissioners. They are retired officers from civil services in the nation and are appointed by the President of India. They serve at this position for the duration of six years or up to 65 years of age. They get the facilities and salary same as the Judge of Supreme Court of India. The election commissioner on account of any misbehavior can be removed by President on the basis of the resolution passed by the parliament of India.
Changes induced by the Election Commission
The election commission has brought several changes in the election process till date. These changes can be referred to as the new innovation in the election. The electronic voting machine (EVM) has been introduced by the commission in 2004. The introduction of the electronic voting machine is of great benefit in the process of election. The election commission also introduced the voter ID cards system in 1993.
This would easily help in differentiating the people who are eligible of voting from those who are not. These technologies have greatly helped in reducing the effort during the process of election. Moreover, the introduction of these technologies has helped in carrying out free and fair elections in the nation.
Criminal practices and violence are increasing in the elections at present. The people are not satisfied with the use of EVM in the election process. They are continuously insisting on the use of ballot paper for conducting the election with transparency. The election commission needs to monitor the election process for giving better results to the people of the nation.
FAQ: Frequently Asked Questions
Ans. The Panchayats and Municipalities elections are not supervised by the election commission of India.
Ans. The election commission is constituted under article 324-329 of the constitution of India.
Ans. Sukumar Sen was appointed as the first election commissioner of India.
Ans.5 The voting age in elections was reduced from 21 to 18 years in 1961.
Ans. The deputy election commissioners are selected from the civil services.
Ans. Kerala was the first state of India to use EVM in 1982.