Water is the base of life for every living being. It serves us in many ways. Water pollution is a threat to the existence of humans, which humans themselves give birth. Let's read about water pollution, its origin, causes, effects and solution in detail through some paragraphs below. I am sure that these paragraphs will bring you fun with learning.
Short and Long Paragraphs on Water Pollution
Paragraph 1 - 100 Words
Water pollution refers to the mixing of impurities in water bodies such as lakes, rivers, oceans, groundwater, etc. The polluted water remains no more fit for drinking for living beings like birds, animals, and humans. It becomes a source of many deadly diseases and can cause harm to human civilization for a long time.
Water is the most important natural substance for living beings to survive on earth. Even our body contains 60% of water. It is pollution that will drag us to our destruction. Clean water is our need, so, it is our responsibility to conserve it and keep it clean.
Paragraph 2 - 120 Words
When toxic substances enter lakes, canals, rivers, seas and other water bodies, they dissolve in them. As a result, water gets polluted, and it reduces the quality of water. These pollutants can also seep into the ground and make ground-water also polluted. It affects the aquatic ecosystem very seriously. Not only human beings but also animals, birds, and other aquatic creatures get highly affected by water pollution.
Polluted water is not suitable for drinking, agriculture, and industries, etc. It reduces the beauty of lakes and rivers. Polluted water also destroys aquatic life and weakens its reproductive power. Polluted water is a storehouse of infectious diseases. It causes common waterborne diseases like hepatitis, cholera, dysentery, and typhoid to spread very rapidly.
Paragraph 3 - 150 Words
It will not be wrong to compare water with nectar. We can't imagine life without water on earth. Water and air are the two most significant components for life, and we can't replace them with anything else. The polluted water has become a serious problem for the whole world as well as for India, and we can see its impact clearly around us.
Drinking polluted water can cause cholera, dysentery, Tuberculosis and other abdominal diseases in humans. Along with contaminated water, Tapeworms, Roundworms, etc. reach the human body and cause some very serious diseases. The polluted water contains organic materials in a large amount. These organic materials help in increasing the activation of microorganisms in water.
The heavy metals dissolved in water due to many natural and human activities make water unfit for drinking. The residual materials of factories make the water warm, making the nearby atmosphere hotter as well.
Paragraph 4 - 200 Words
The accumulation of waste materials in water and making it contaminated by various human activities is water pollution. Water pollution is a very serious problem which is extremely important for humans to stop it as soon as possible. To find its solution, we will need to find its source of origin first.
There can be many reasons for water pollution, some of which are natural, while others are man-made. Natural causes include cyclone, volcanic eruption, earthquake, tsunami and animal wastes, etc. Though they are not in the control of the human, they cause very less damage to water as compared to the by human activities.
Industrialization is the greatest source of water pollution by human activities. Some irresponsible industrialists release the waste materials of their factories in the nearby water bodies. These water bodies are a source of drinking water for the residents, which no longer remain fresh for the people around it.
Bathing of domesticated animals in water resources and washing clothes in it etc. is also a big reason for water pollution. Oil seepage from big Ships, acid rain, eutrophication, etc. are also major factors of water pollution. We can stop water pollution only by controlling these activities on a large scale.
Paragraph 5 - 250 Words
However, earth has about 70% of water; only 1% of it is fresh and healthy for drinking. Freshwater is the need of everyone so we should be serious about protecting it from pollution.
The disposal of industrial wastes should be appropriate. Dumping of biologically decomposable wastes and recycling of the non-decomposable waste is the best treatment of industrial as well as household wastes. Apart from reducing water pollution, it will help in increasing the fertility of the soil and reducing the effect of global warming.
Restrictions on bathing domestic animals and washing dirty clothes in large water bodies will also prove to be an important step towards the protection of water. The local people should take some alternate way for them. Even spreading awareness among them for water pollution can help in achieving a big milestone.
Eutrophication is not a very big problem but can be if ignored for a long time. The respected government organization should regularly keep an eye on the quality of waters in the local water resources and take an appropriate step if they find it eutrophicated. A regular check-up can save a large body from being polluted.
The use of sedimentation, filtration, sterilization and other scientific methods can remove the toxins and pollutants from water. Thus obtained the water will be healthy and fresh, and people can use it for any purpose. Some fishes also help in making water fresh by eating toxic substances and plants. Raising them can prove to be a good move to save water from pollution.
FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions
Ans. Water pollution is the condition when water gets mixed toxic substance and make it undrinkable.
Ans. Water pollution can cause problems like food poison, diarrhea, etc.
Ans. Water can be cleaned by boiling and filtering.
Ans. 80% of water in India is polluted.