Martyrs Day or Shaheed Diwas is a tribute to our great freedom fighters. In India, Martyrs Day is celebrated on two different dates. For knowing more about this day, kindly read the paragraphs mention below.
Short and Long Paragraphs on Martyrs Day
Paragraph 1 – 100 Words
Martyrs Day is observed on 30th January and 23rd March in India. It is devoted to the courageous efforts of our great freedom fighters. On 30th January 1948, M. K. Gandhi (Father of the nation) was assassinated and martyred. 23rd March 1931 is also carrying a sad tale of three great revolutionaries of India. Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar, and Shivaram Rajguru were hanged by the British government.
For paying homage to these legends, Indians celebrate Martyrs' Day. Around the globe fifteen countries (including India) commemorate Martyrs Day.
On this day people pay homage to the martyrs. Political and public figures pay floral tribute to the crematorium grounds. On this day, people remind the legacy of demised ones.
Paragraph 2 – 120 Words
Martyrs Day is carrying two unfortunate events from the pages of history. Here I am going to explain Martyr’s Day 30th January.
On 30th January 1948, Mahatma Gandhi (great Indian revolutionary and political figure) was shot dead during his prayers by Nathuram Godse. According to him, M. K. Gandhi was responsible for the partition of India and Pakistan.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (publicly known as Mahatma Gandhi) was born on 2nd October 1869. He was a prominent spiritual leader in the Independence movement of India. He was a supporter of non-violence and peace. He had played a major role in our Independence from Britishers. He held the Non-Cooperation movement. He focused on Swadeshi (Products made in India). For reminding his death anniversary the Indian government declared it as Martyrs Day or Shaheed Diwas.
Paragraph 3 – 150 Words
Martyrs Day is witnessed every year for reminding the great freedom fighters of our nation. From the continuation of the above paragraph, we are going to provide you with some details on the sequence of events that are observed annually on 30th January. On 30 January 1948, the nation mourns.
- On this day P.M. and other political figures perform floral tribute on Rajghat (crematorium ground of M. K. Gandhi).
- Across the nation, people perform two minutes of silent prayer (Maun Prarthna) for the demise of M. K. Gandhi.
- Armed forces soldiers pay floral tribute by garlands.
- In schools and colleges speech, debate, quiz competitions, etc. events are observed.
- Public figures deliberate their speech on the life of M. K. Gandhi.
- People remind his ideologies across the nation.
- Short story on the life of M. K. Gandhi telecasts on Television.
- Talk Shows and various similar shows are conducted by News Channels.
- On Social Media Platform, people pay their tribute through messages or pictorial way.
- In Sabarmati Ashram glimpse of prayers and other events are organized.
Paragraph 4 – 200 Words
Martyrs Day reminds the Death Anniversary of Great Indian freedom fighters. On 23 March 1931, three young lives were hanged by the British Government. Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru and Sukhdev Thapar were young protesters and great Indian freedom fighters. Their way of British Government Boycott was different from M. K. Gandhi. They chose a path of physical violence for abolishing the British rule from India. They were young and enthusiastic.
Bhagat Singh and his fellow members were accused of killing British Police Officer John Saunders. They killed him by mistake. They come up with the plan of killing Police Officer James A. Scott. They mistook and killed John Saunders. Bhagat Singh vowed to kill James A. Scott, as the revenge for Lala Lajpat Rai. Lala Lajpat Rai (Punjab Keshari) was deeply injured in a Lathi Charge while protesting against the Simon Commission.
After killing the British Police Officer Bhagat Singh and his two friends were found guilty in a bomb explosion in Police Head Quarters and similar activities. There hanging was scheduled for 24th March. But, British Police trapped them up in their conspiracy and hanged three of them on 23rd March 1931.
At a very young age, three of them died. It was a very unfortunate event for the whole nation. Youths came out on the street and protested on loud. Riots were spread all over the nation. It was the cruelty of the British Government, for taking three young lives. For all of these reasons, 23rd March is reminded as martyrs' day.
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The Annual observance of Martyrdom of great Indian fighters is dedicated to their brave efforts. From the continuation of the above topic, I am going to discuss the glimpse of events that are observed on 23rd March annually:
- P.M. and other political figures pay homage to Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru’s Martyrs Memorial and statues in Hussainwalla, Punjab.
- In the Academic level, various quiz completion and similar activities are observed.
- Social Media runs a campaign of Shaheed Diwas Memorial by pictures, messages, and quotes on youth icons of Modern history.
- News Shows based on the life journey of Bhagat Singh and other martyred are telecasted.
- Movies and documentaries based on young revolutionaries of India are telecasted on television.
- Shaheedi Mela is a major event that is organized on Hussainwalla.
For respecting our great Indian freedom fighters, apart from 30th January and 23rd March, Martyrs Day in India has declared other days as a memorable tribute for them:
19 March: 19th March 1961 tells the sad killing of fifteen people in Silchar Railway Station. They were protesting against the official declaration of Assamese Language as a state language in Assam. Even having a good population of the Bengali Speaking population, the declaration of the Assamese language as state-level language make them protest.
21 October: On 21 October 1959, Central Reserve Police Force at Indo-Tibetan border witnessed an attack by China. For remembering the death of CRPF force in a brutal attack, 21 October is dedicated.
17 November: On 17 November 1928 nation witnessed the sad demise of legendry freedom fighter Lala Lajpat Rai.
19 November: 19 November 1828 is the birth date of Queen Laxmi Bai. Jhansi remembers this as Martyr's Day.
FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions
Ans. The other name of Martyrs Day is Shaheed Diwas.
Ans. National Martyrs Day is celebrated on 30th January and 23rd March.
Ans. It marks the death anniversary of Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev.
Ans. There are 15 countries that take part in Martyrs Day.