Indian National Congress (INC) is one of the Political Parties of India. It is the oldest political party in India. It has a big role in the independence of India. On 28th December 1885, INC was established by Allan Octavian Hume, William Wedderburn, Womesh Chunder Bonnerjee, and by the collaborative efforts of many leaders.
Here is the complete list of National Presidents of INC (Indian National Congress) from 1885 to 2020.
Have a look at the table given below to know more about National Presidents of INC in a very short time.
We have also provided a brief and informative description of Party Presidents one by one.
List of National Presidents of Indian National Congress
|S. No.||Tenure||Name||Born||Died||Constituency/ State)||Nationality||Awards|
|1||1885||Womesh Chunder Bonnerjee||29-Dec-1844||21-Jul-1906||Bombay||India||-|
|2||1886||Sir Dadabhai Naoroji Dordi||04-Sep-1825||30-Jun-1917||Calcutta||India||-|
|5||1889||Sir William Wedderburn||25-Mar-1838||25-Jan-1918||Bombay||Scotland||-|
|6||1890||Sir Pherozeshah Merwanjee Mehta||04-Aug-1845||05-Nov-1915||Calcutta||India||-|
|7||1891||Sir Panambakkam Ananda Charlu||1843||1908||Nagpur||India||-|
|8||1892 (2nd term)||Womesh Chunder Bonnerjee||29-Dec-1844||21-Jul-1906||Allahabad||India||-|
|9||1893 (2nd term)||Sir Dadabhai Naoroji Dordi||04-Sep-1825||30-Jun-1917||Lahore||India||-|
|11||1895||Sir Surendranath Banerjee||10-Nov-1848||06-Aug-1925||Poona||India||-|
|12||1896||Rahimtulla Mahomed Sayani||05-Apr-1847||06-Jun-1902||Calcutta||India||-|
|13||1897||Sir Chettur Sankaran Nair||11-Jul-1857||24-Apr-1934||Amravati||India||-|
|14||1898||Ananda Mohan Bose||23-Sep-1847||20-Aug-1906||Madras||India||-|
|15||1899||Romesh Chunder Dutt||13-Aug-1848||30-Nov-1909||Lucknow||India||-|
|16||1900||Sir Narayan Ganesh Chandavarkar||02-Dec-1855||14-May-1923||Lucknow||India||-|
|17||1991||Sir Dinshaw Edulji Wacha||02-Aug-1844||1936||Calcutta||India||-|
|18||1902 (2nd term)||Sir Surendranath Banerjee||10-Nov-1848||06-Aug-1925||Ahmedabad||India||-|
|20||1904||Sir Henry John Stedman Cotton||13-Sep-1845||22-Oct-1915||Bombay||India, England||-|
|21||1905||Gopal Krishna Gokhale||09-May-1866||19-Feb-1915||Banaras||India||-|
|22||1906 (3rd term)||Sir Dadabhai Naoroji Dordi||Calcutta||India||-|
|23||1907-1908||Sir Rashbehari Ghosh||23-Dec-1845||28-Feb-1921||Surat, Madras||India||-|
|24||1909||Madan Mohan Malaviya||25-Dec-1861||12-Nov-1946||Lahore||India||Bharat Ratna (2015)|
|25||1910 (2nd term)||Sir William Wedderburn||25-Mar-1838||25-Jan-1918||Allahabad||Scotland||-|
|26||1911||Bishan Narayan Dar||1864||1916||Calcutta||India||-|
|27||1912||Raghunath Narasinha Mudholkar||16-May-1857||13-Jan-1921||Bankipur||-|
|28||1913||Nawab Syed Muhammad Bahadur||1867||12-Feb-1919||Karachi||India||-|
|29||1914||Bhupendra Nath Bose||13-Jan-1859||13-Sep-1924||India||-|
|30||1915||Satyendra Prasanna Sinha||24-Mar-1863||04-Mar-1928||Bombay||India||-|
|31||1916||Ambica Charan Mazumdar||1850||1922||Lucknow||India||-|
|32||1917||Annie Besant||01-Oct-1847||20-Sep- 1933||Calcutta||England||-|
|33||1918 (2nd term)||Madan Mohan Malaviya||25-Dec-1861||12-Nov-1946||Delhi||India||Bharat Ratna (2015)|
|34||1918 (Special Session)||Syed Hasan Imam||31-Aug-1871||19-Apr-1933||Bombay||India||-|
|36||9120 (Special Session)||Lala Lajpat Rai||28-Jan-1865||17-Nov-1928||Calcutta||India||-|
|38||1921||Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das||05-Nov-1870||16-Jun-1925||Ahmedabad||India||-|
|38||1921||Hakim Ajmal Khan (Acting President for D.C. Das)||11-Feb-1868||29-Dec-1927||Ahmedabad||India||-|
|39||1922||Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das||05-Nov-1870||16-Jun-1925||Gaya||India||-|
|40||1923||Mohammad Ali Jauhar||10-Dec-1878||04-Jan-1931||India||-|
|40||1923||Maulana Abul Kalam Azad||11-Nov-1888||22-Feb-1958||Delhi||India||Bharat Ratna (1992)|
|41||1924||Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi||02-Oct-1869||30-Jan-1948||Belgaum||India||-|
|43||1926||Seshadri Srinivasa Iyengar||01-Sep-1874||19-May-1941||Gauhati||India||-|
|44||1927||Dr. Mukhtar Ahmed Ansari||25-Dec-1880||10-May-1936||Madras||India||-|
|45||1928 (2nd term)||Motilal Nehru||06-May-1861||06-Feb-1931||Calcutta||India||-|
|46||1929-1930||Jawaharlal Nehru||14-Nov-1889||27-May-1964||Lahore||India||Bharat Ratna (1955)|
|47||1931||Vallabhbhai Jhaverbhai Patel||31-Oct-1875||15-Dec-1950||Karachi||India||Bharat Ratna (1991)|
|48||1932 (3rd term)||Madan Mohan Malaviya||25-Dec-1861||12-Nov-1946||Delhi||India||Bharat Ratna (2015)|
|50||1934-1935||Rajendra Prasad||03-Dec-1884||28-Feb-1963||Bombay||India||Bharat Ratna (1962)|
|51||1936-1937 (2nd term)||Jawaharlal Nehru||14-Nov-1889||27-May-1964||Lucknow, Faizpur||India||Bharat Ratna (1955)|
|52||1938||Subhas Chandra Bose||23-Jan-1897||18-Aug-1945||Haripura||India||-|
|53||1939||Subhas Chandra Bose (Resigned)||23-Jan-1897||18-Aug-1945||Tripuri||India||-|
|53||1939||Rajendra Prasad (Replaced S.C. Bose; 2nd term)||03-Dec-1884||28-Feb-1963||Tripuri||India||Bharat Ratna (1962)|
|54||1940-1945||Maulana Abul Kalam Azad||11-Nov-1888||22-Feb-1958||Ramgarh||India||Bharat Ratna (1992)|
|55||1946 (3rd term)||Jawaharlal Nehru||14-Nov-1889||27-May-1964||India||Bharat Ratna (1955)|
|56||1947||Jivatram Bhagwandas Kripalani||11-Nov-1888||19-Mar-1982||Meerut||India||-|
|57||1948-1949||Bhogaraju Pattabhi Sitaramayya||24-Nov-1880||17-Dec-1959||Jaipur||India||-|
|58||1950||Purushottam Das Tandon||01-Aug-1882||01-Jul-1962||Nasik||India||Bharat Ratna (1961)|
|59||1951-1954 (4th term)||Jawaharlal Nehru||14-Nov-1889||27-May-1964||India||Bharat Ratna (1955)|
|60||1955-1959||Uchharangrai Navalshankar Dhebar||21-Sep-1905||1977||India||Padma Vibhushan (1973)|
|61||1959||Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi||19-Nov-1917||31-Oct-1984||India||Bharat Ratna (1971) Bangladesh Freedom Honour (2011)|
|62||1960-1963||Neelam Sanjiva Reddy||19-May-1913||01-Jun-1996||Bangalore (1960), Bhavnagar (1961), Patna (1962)||India||-|
|63||1964-1967||Kumaraswami Kamaraj||15-Jul-1903||02-Oct-1975||India||Bharat Ratna (1976) Copper Bond Award (1972)|
|64||1968-1969||Siddavanahalli Nijalingappa||10-Dec-1902||08-Aug-2000||Hyderabad (1968) Faridabad (1969)||India||-|
|66||1972-1974||Shankar Dayal Sharma||19-Aug-1918||26-Dec-1999||Calcutta||India||-|
|67||1975-1977||Dev Kant Barooah||22-Feb-1914||28-Jan-1996||Chandigarh||India||-|
|68||1977-1978||Kasu Brahmananda Reddy||28-Jul-1909||20-May-1994||India||-|
|69||1978-1984||Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi||19-Nov-1917||31-Oct-1984||New Delhi (1978) Calcutta (1983)||India||Bharat Ratna (1971) Bangladesh Freedom Honour (2011)|
|70||1985-1991||Rajiv Gandhi||20-Aug-1944||21-May-1991||Bombay (1985)||India||Bharat Ratna (1991)|
|71||1991-1996||Pamulaparthi Venkata Narasimha Rao||28-Jun-1921||23-Dec-2004||Tirupati (1992)||India||-|
|72||1996-1998||Sitaram Kesri||15-Nov-1919||24-Oct-2000||Calcutta (1997)||India||-|
|75||2019-Present (2nd term)||Sonia Gandhi||09-Dec-1946||Italy||-|
Brief Information about National Presidents of INC
1. Womesh Chunder Bonnerjee
Late Womesh Chunder Bonnerjee was the first President of the Indian National Congress. He was born on 29 December 1844 in Kolkata. He completed his Law Degree in Middle Temple, England. He was an eminent lawyer and Co-founder of the Indian National Congress. In 1885, he addressed and presided the first Indian National Congress Session in Bombay (Currently Mumbai). It was a two-day session from 28th December to 31st December. In 1886 in the second session of Congress, he proposed the idea of standing committees for provinces.
As per his proposal, these standing committees will be helpful for maintaining the cordial relationship in political matters. In 1892, Womesh Chunder Bonnerjee again became the President of the Indian National Congress in Allahabad Session. After that, he moved to England and continued his Law Practice. He took his last breath on 21 July 1906 in London, England. Late Shri Womesh Chunder Bonnerjee was the first Indian to act as a Standing Counsel; he worked as the President of the Law Faculty of Calcutta University.
2. Sir Dadabhai NaorojiDordi
Sir Dadabhai Naoroji Dordi was one of the founding members of the Indian National Congress and President of INC. He was known as “Grand Old Man of India” and “Unofficial Ambassador of India”. He was born on 4 September 1825 in Navsari in a Zoroastrian or Parsi Family. He completed his higher studies from Mumbai University. His glorious personality not only respected by Indians but he was honored by Britishers too.
Sir Dadabhai Naoroji presided the Indian National Congress in the year 1886 in Calcutta Session, in 1893 in the Lahore session, and in 1906 in Calcutta Session.He was the first Indian to gain a Parliamentary position in Britain. He died on 30th June 1917 but his legacy still continues. People remember their theories and ideologies. There are various roads and buildings named after him. His writings were regarded as the most important phase of the Indian Independence Movement.
3. Badruddin Tyabji
Badruddin Tyabji was an active Member of INC and served the position as President of the Party. He was born on 10 October 1844 in Bombay (Currently Mumbai) to Mullah Tyab Ali Bhai Mian. He completed his Law Degree from Middle Temple, London. In 1867, he returned back to India from England and became the Barrister in the High Court of Bombay. He was the first Indian Barrister to join the High Court of Bombay. He credited for setting up the Bombay Presidency Association with Pherozeshah Mehta and Kashinath Trimbak Telang in the year 1885.
Badruddin Tyabji was elected as Party President of INC in the year 1887 in Madras session. He addressed the Madras Session of Congress and he focused on the unity among the Muslim Community. In 1888 Congress Session, he addressed the meeting by introducing the Resolution XIII. In the year 1895, Badruddin Tyabji became the judge of Bombay High Court. Apart from being a Lawyer, Activist, and politician, Badruddin Tyabji was a social reformer too. He took his last breath on 19 August 1906 in England.
4. George Yule
George Yule was a Merchant who was hailing from Scotland and he presided the INC. George Yule was born in 1829 in Scotland. In 1855, George Yule moved to England for Business purposes. In 1888, he presided the Indian National Congress in its Allahabad Session. He was the first Non-Indian person to be elected as the President of Congress. He was completely unfamiliar with Indian for being the president of INC. Late Shri W. C. Bonnerjee invited him to address the Allahabad session of INC as president. George Yule founded the George Yule & Company in London. In 1892, George Yule died at a very early age.
5. Sir William Wedderburn
Sir William Wedderburn was credited as one of the founding members of INC and he presided the Party twice. He was born on 25 March 1838 in Edinburgh, Scotland, UK to Sir John Wedderburn, he completed his education from Edinburgh University. He joined the Indian government as a Civil Servant. In 1889, He presided the Indian National Congress at Bombay Session. Again in 1910, Sir William became the President of the INC in Allahabad Session. He tried to resolve the Hindu Muslim issue in the Allahabad Session. Sir William Wedderburn died on 25 January 1918 at Meredith, Gloucestershire.
6. Sir Pherozeshah Merwanjee Mehta
Sir Pherozeshah Merwanjee Mehta was an eminent lawyer and was the Municipal Commissioner. He was also one of the ex-presidents of the Indian National Congress. He was born on 4 August 1845 in Bombay (Currently Mumbai)in a business family. Pherozeshah Mehta completed his Masters from Bombay University. He was the first person from his community to complete an Honors Degree in six months.
For his achievement, he was offered a Scholarship from Europe. He completed his Law Degree from England. In 1885, he was elected as the president of the Bombay Presidency Association. He was among one of the founders of INC. Mehta became the President of the Indian National Congress in the year 1890. For his contribution towards Mumbai or Bombay, he got the title of “The Lion of Bombay” and “Uncrowned King of Bombay”. He left this world on 5 November 1915 in Bombay.
7. Sir Panapakkam Anandacharlu
Sir Panapakkam Anandacharlu played a crucial role in the Indian Freedom movement and he was also a president of INC. he was born in August 1843 in Kattamanchi, Madras Presidency. He was a lawyer and he began his career as a lawyer in the year 1869. He joined the Chamber of the Madras High Court. Sir Anandacharlu was awarded by Companion of the Indian Empire award in the year 1897.
Sir Anandacharlu was a keen interest in Politics from a very young age. He established the Triplicane Literary Society and the Madras Mahajana Sabha in the year 1884. In 1891, he became the President of Congress and addressed the Nagpur Session. He was among 72 delegates that were involved in the first session of Congress. He died in the year 1908.
8. Alfred John Webb
Alfred John Webb was belonging to Ireland and he was an active nationalist. He participated in many movements across the world and he was third Non-Indian President of Indian National Congress. He was born in 1834 to Richard Davis Webb and Hannah Waring Webb. He was deeply interested in literature and history.
His writings include 'A Compendium of Irish Biography'. In 1892, he was elected in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom. He was a friend of Dadabhai Naoroji. In 1894, Dadabhai Naoroji invited him to address the Indian National Congress, Madras Session as President. He left this world in 1908. He is remembered of his association: "The Society for the Furtherance of Human Brotherhood".
9. Sir Surendranath Banerjee
Sir Surendranath Banerjee was one of the pro political leaders and founders of the Indian National Congress. He was born on 10 November 1848 in Kolkata. His father Durga Charan Banerjee was a renowned physician. He completed his higher studies from University College, London, and the Middle Temple. He also cleared Civil Services and joined as Assistant Magistrate in Sylhet.
On 26 July 1876, he founded the Indian National Association with Anandmohan Bose. He presided the Indian National Congress (INC) in the year 1895 in Poona Session. In 1902, he again addressed the Ahmadabad Session of INC as President. He played a crucial role in a protest against Bengal partition in the year 1905. He left this world on 6 August 1925, but his legacy still continues. He was one of the most highly respected leaders from the British Raj. Many Institutions are named after him; they are passing his legacy to generations.
10. Rahimtulla Mahomed Sayani
Rahimtulla Mahomed Sayani was a lawyer and a politician. He presided the Indian National Congress and he was an active member of the INC. He was born on 5 April 1847 in Kutch, Gujarat. He completed his Law Degree from foreign University. He was popular among the public as a lawyer.
He was elected as the Sheriff of Bombay Municipal Corporation in the year 1885. He served the Bombay Legislative Council and Imperial Legislative Council from 1896 to 1898. He attended the first session of INC in 1885. In 1896, he addressed the 12th Session of INC in Calcutta as President. He represented an elaborated view of the Economic and Financial structure during British Rule. He died on 6 June 1902.
11. Sir Chettur Sankaran Nair
Sir Chettur Sankaran Nair was the Advocate General of Madras Presidency and he was one of the President of INC. He was born on 11 July 1857 in Chettur Kerala to Manmayil Ramunni Panicker and Parvathy Amma Chettur. He completed his Law Degree from Presidency College, Madras.
In 1884 he joined as a member of an enquiry in Malabar State. He was an active participant in the Indian National Movement during the British Rule. In 1897, he presided the Indian National Congress in Amravati Session. He addressed the members and he asked the British Administrators for establishing Self-Government in Indian states. He left this world in 1934 at the age of 77 years.