Facts about Republic Day of India

The Republic of India is celebrated every year on the 26th of January. It was first celebrated in the year 1950 on the implementation of our Constitution. It was 15 August 1947 when India got its independence and on 29 August a committee was formed in the name of Drafting Committee and Dr. BR Ambedkar was appointed its chairperson. The committee was formed to form our Constitution and it was completed by 26 November 1949 but was decided to be implemented from the date 26th January 1950.

Facts about Republic Day Parade 2020

  • The 71st Republic Day in India was observed in the year 2020.
  • President Jair Bolsonaro of Brazil was the Chief Guest for the 71st Republic Day celebration.
  • A total of 20 pacts were signed between Brazil and India on the 71st Republic Day of India.
  • According to the Ministry of Defence, 22 tableaux out of 56 were selected for the Republic Day Parade this year.
  • The selected tableaux are from 16 States and 6 ministries.
  • It took five seating to finalize the tableau for the 26th January parade.
  • Republic Day 2020 is the first Republic Day after the revocation of article 370 from the states of Jammu and Kashmir.
  • It was the first time when the Indian flag hoisted in Jammu and Kashmir on the Republic Day of India.
  • For the first time in the history of India, the Prime Minister paid homage to the soldiers at the National War Memorial instead of Amar Jawan Jyoti at India Gate.
  • India’s first homemade anti-satellite missile was also displayed on 71st Independence Day.
  • For the first time, the Chief of Defense Staff (CDS) was also present to witness the celebrations.
  • For the first time, women contingent of the paramilitary Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) performs a daredevil stunt on bikes.
  • Also for the first time in the 71st Republic Day parade, took part, the contingent of the Corps of Army Air Defence.
  • India displayed its heavy lift capabilities by showing three C-130J Super Hercules aircraft and three C-17 Globemasters.
  • India’s NEtwork TRaffic Analysis Radar system, called “Netra” was also showcased, flanked by two Sukhoi aircraft.  
  • Apache and Chinook helicopters were debuted in the 71st Republic Day parade.
  • Being the first Republic Day celebration after the creation of the post of CDS (Chief of Defense Staff); helicopters of army, navy and air force took part in a flypast to show the unity of forces.
  • The tableau of the state of Assam was judged as the best tableau in the 71st Republic Day parade.
  • The Assam’s tableau was based on the theme – “Land of Unique Craftsmanship and Culture”.
  • Among the tableaux from ministries and departments; the best tableau award was shared by the Ministry of Jal Shakti and NDRF (National Disaster Relief Force).

All Important Facts about Republic Day of India

  • Our Republic Day was celebrated for the first time on 26th January 1950. This was after 3 years of Independence.
  • In the year 1930 Nehru Ji promised “Poorna Swaraj” but he failed to achieve this goal. So, after independence, although the constitution was completed by 24th November 1949, was implemented on 26th January 1950, due to the historical importance of the day.
  • After Independence Dr. Rajendra Prasad was elected as first President of India, whereas it was 26 January 1950 when he took his oath.
  • We celebrate 26th January on the occasion of the implementation of our Constitution.
  • In the year 1955, the Republic Day Parade was held at Rajpath for the first time.
  • It is our President who hoists the flag on Rajpath on the 26th of January.
  • Our President takes a military salute during the parade.
  • Our Republic Day was celebrated between 1950 to 1954 at various places like Irwin Stadium (now known as Major Dhyanchand National Stadium), Ramlila Ground, Red Fort.
  • The guests invited, to witness our first Republic Day, were Mr. Malik Ghulam Mohammed, Governor-General of Pakistan and Mr. Sukarno, President of Indonesia.
  • Our national anthem, which we sing on Republic Day & Independence Day is written by Rabindranath Tagore and is in Bengali.
  • It was Dr. B. R. Ambedkar who was the chairperson of the Drafting Committee and it took 2 years, 11 months, 18 days to complete our constitution.
  • Awards like Padma Awards, Kirti chakra, and Bharat Ratna are given on Republic Day.
  • Our President addresses us every year on the eve of Republic Day through our National Channel Door darshan.
  • For the first time, the Constitution was written by hand in English and Hindi languages.
  • 308 members of the Legislative Assembly signed the handwritten copies of the constitution, on 24th January 1950.
  • The Indian constitution is the longest constitution in the world. Initially, there were 395 Articles, but after many amendments, at present, there are 448 Articles and 22 parts with 12 schedules.
  • There are approx. 1,45,000 words in our Constitution.
  • Original copies of our Constitution are still kept safe in the library of Parliament House, in a helium-filled case.
  • The Government of India Act, 1935 was followed before the implementation of our Constitution.
  • The performers of Republic Day cover a distance of 9 kilometers, especially those who do Parade.
  • The speed of a tableau is usually 5 km/h during the parade so that visitors can easily see them.
  • The rehearsal of Republic Day is completed by the 24th of January itself.
  • The ‘flypast’ aircraft fly from various Air Force stations and arrive at the destination (Rajpath) at the same time. 41 aircraft participate in this program.
  • The Beating Retreat program is the end of the Republic Day celebrations and is performed on 29 January. The program runs for three days and ends with a Beating Retreat ceremony.
  •  ‘Abide with me’ song is usually played on the Republic Day parade and was a favorite song of Mahatma Gandhi.
  • It was the French Army and band which took part in the Republic Day parade. It was the first foreign army to be its part in the year 2016.
  • Mobile phones, cameras and any kind of electronic device are completely banned in Republic Day celebrations at Rajghat.