Basics of English Learning:
Before learning grammar, there are some basics which we must go through in order to ease our English grammar learning process. We must know what are English alphabets, phonetics sound, vowels, consonants, words, sentences, some common vocabularies, etc. Basics of English will quickly improve your confidence of learning whole grammar by reducing the problems. So, do not waste much time and start learning.
We can define alphabets as: “a set of letters or symbols in a fixed order used to represent the basic set of speech sounds of a language, especially the set of letters from A to Z.” OR “the basic elements in a system which combine to form complex entities.” English alphabets consists of the following 26 letters:
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Phonetic sound is the sound we make for each and every English alphabet. Each alphabet has a special sound which help us to denote and speak English alphabets. It make us able to really learn what we should call for each letter and make a word. Here is the phonetic sound for each English alphabet:
A (ऐ), B (ब), C (क), D (ड), E (ए), F (फ), G (ग), H (ह), I (इ), J (ज), K (क), L (ल), M (म), N (न), O (ओ), P (प), Q (क़), R (र), S (स), T (ट), U (अ), V (व्), W (व), X (क्स), Y (य), Z (ज़).
A word vowel can be defined as “a speech sound which is produced by comparatively open configuration of the vocal tract, with vibration of the vocal cords but without audible friction, and which is a unit of the sound system of a language that forms the nucleus of a syllable.”
Vowel letters are pronounced with an open vocal tract without air pressure on the glottis. There are total 26 letters in the English alphabets, 5 of them are called as vowels which are A, E, I, O, and U. Sometime Y is also called as vowel.
A word consonant can be defined as “a basic speech sound in which the breath is at least partly obstructed and which can be combined with a vowel to form a syllable.”
Consonants letters are pronounced with a partial or complete obstruction of the air stream by the speech organ constriction. There are total 21 consonant letters in the alphabet (B, C, D, F, G, H, J, K, L, M, N, P, Q, R, S, T, V, W, X, Y, Z).