Essay on Raksha Bandhan

We are here providing some general and detailed information about the famous festival of “Raksha Bandhan” in the form of Essays, which would be useful for all age of people especially students of class second to twelve. Generally students require information about some specific topics for their school or college project, so we have provided these essays in very simple and easy language. You can also use the following essays for “Essay writing competition” organized at national or international level. Different types of essays on Raksha Bandhan are given below in two categories, “Short Essay on Raksha Bandhan” and “Long Essay on Raksha Bandhan” under various words limit.

Raksha Bandhan Essay

Short Essay on Raksha Bandhan

In this category of short essay, we have provided three essays (100, 200 and 300 words) on “Raksha Bandhan”. All of these three essays includes brief information and useful for students as per their requirements.

Raksha Bandhan Essay 1 (100 Words)

“Raksha Bandhan” is one of the favorite festivals of girls in all communities especially “HINDU” which is celebrated in the month “shravan maas” according to “Hindu calendar”. “Raksha Bandhan” is a secular festival and it is also popular as “Shravan Purnima” or “Rakhi” in different parts of India. The Festival “Raksha Bandhan” denotes the love and care between brother and sister by tying a colorful thread called “Rakhi” around brother’s wrist by his sister and in return brother gives her some gifts along with a commitment to protect her unconditionally all through the life. The festival is celebrated all over the world where NRIs are residing in other countries.

Raksha Bandhan Essay 2 (200 Words)

Raksha Bandhan, the festival of joy and happiness is celebrated in India in the month of Saavan and day of Purnima so is also called “Shravani Purnima”. The festival is famous for its symbolization of love, care, duty and affection between brother and sister. The main focus point of this fest is “Rakhi” which is made of a sacred thread decorated with colorful stones and some other decoration materials. Sister ties rakhi around her brother’s wrist and make a wish of his good health and wealth, brother also take pledge to protect her during whole life whether the condition is good or bad.

Many stories are found in Hindu scriptures which prove that this tradition of the festival “Rakhsha Bandhan” is followed since the pre-historical time. One of the famous stories is of “Krishna and Draupadi” in which Draupadi wrap up her piece of saree around Krishna’s finger when it was cut during fighting with shishupal than Krishna promises to save her always from any difficulty. In India, there are different types of religions and communities and this festival is celebrated by all religions with different rituals. Other than India, in Nepal “Raksha Bandhan” is mainly observed as “Janaeu Purnima”, on that day they change their janaeu and apply vermillion on each other’s forehead.

Raksha Bandhan Essay 3 (300 Words)

Raksha Bandhan, the symbol of love, care, emotions, duty and protection between real or cousin brother and sister. It is celebrated as a secular, non denominational and multicultural Hindu festival in different parts of India. The festival is also known as “Rakhi” or “Shravani Purnima” which falls in the month of Saavan on Purnima according to Hindu calendar. The practice of this festival is followed by all communities including Muslims and Christians too. On this holy festival, brother and sister shows their unconditional love and affection towards each other by doing some ritual things like sisters tied a rakhi on brother’s wrist and ask wish of her brother’s long life and prosperity. Brother also offers cards or gifts to sister along with a pledge to keep his sister away from any difficulties all over her life.

The tradition of “Raksha Bandhan” is celebrated since the pre-historical time period according to scriptures. Several stories are written in Hindu scriptures like Bhagwat Puran, Bhavishya Puran and Vishnu puran about this festival of “Raksha Bandhan” which proves that this ritual has been celebrated since ancient time. Raksha Bandhan is viewed as the secular festival which is celebrated in all communities with different rituals. Different parts of India celebrate the Raksha Bandhan in different ways (like in Maharashtra it is called Narali purnima, in Uttarakhand it is called Janopunyu and in Punjab several fairs held on this day, etc).

This festival brings all family members together under one roof and binds them in close relation and also fills up love, affection and care among brothers and sisters towards each other. This famous multicultural festival is celebrated all over the world where Non resident Indians are residing.

Long Essay on Raksha Bandhan

In this category of Long essay, we have provided two essays (400 and 600 words) on “Raksha Bandhan”. Both essays include detailed information on this topic and useful for all students of schools and colleges.

Raksha Bandhan Essay 4 (400 Words)

The festival, which expresses love, care and duty among brother and sister also with joy and happiness, is called “Raksha Bandhan”. The meaning of Raksha Bandhan is “the tie or knot of protection” where Raksha means protection and Bandhan means knot. So, when sister tie a knot on her brother’s wrist, brother gives her promises in return that he will take care of her throughout her life in all circumstances. This holy festival falls on the day of full moon in the month of Shravan maas; so, also known as “shravni purnima”.

Basically, the festival is for Hindu religion but now all communities celebrate this festival in different customs so it is also known as secular and multicultural festival. In India, different states celebrate this sacred festival with different rituals. In Uttarakhand kumaon religion people change their janaue on that day and called it as Janopunyu and in Maharashtra the festival is celebrated as Narali Purnima or Shravani Purnima where Narali means coconut. In different parts of Maharashtra especially fishermen community offer Nariyal into sea to please God Varun (God of sea) and also they believe that new season of fishing starts on this day.

Raksha Bandhan is the favorite festival of siblings or cousin brother sister. To celebrate this auspicious day, ladies starts preparation many days before such as they buy rakhi made up of colorful threads and stones from the market. Mehandi is also the part of this festival as girls apply mehandi on their hand for this occasion. On this special day, sisters prepare Pooja thali with kumkum, rice, diya, sweet and Rakhi. Sister ties Rakhi on her brother’s wrist and apply roli chawal on his forehead as tilak and in return brother takes pledge to keep her protected from any difficulty all over the life.

In India, Raksha Bandhan is celebrated as secular festival which involves all communities in bond of brother sister love and affection whether it is Muslims or Christians. The festival is not only for biologically related brother and sister, it is also for those people who are biologically unrelated, they also shows their feelings of love and care towards each other by celebrating this festival. This tradition is also celebrated among political leaders where women and girls tie rakhi to Prime minister, politicians, social leaders and also soldiers’s hands assuming them brother.

Raksha Bandhan Essay 5 (600 Words)


Raksha Bandhan is also known as “Rakhi Purnima”. It is a famous Hindu festival which falls on full moon day in the Shravan maas. Generally, this festival falls in the month of August. The festival is the symbol of love, care, duty and protection between brother and sister. On this occasion of Rakhi, a sister ties a colorful thread around her brother’s wrist and in return brother gives them gifts and also promises for their protection in all circumstances throughout life. This holy festival is celebrated between siblings, real or cousin brother sister and also distance family members to express their unconditional love and affection towards each other. Many of the sisters, who are living at long distance from their brother’s home, send Rakhi’s by post, mail, etc or brothers come to their sister’s home to celebrate this auspicious festival.

What are the Myths behind Raksha Bandhan

The practice of this festival is being followed since ancient period and several myths are written in scriptures for this tradition, some of these are given below:

Story of King Bali and Goddess Lakshmi

According to Vishnu Puran, Vishnu left his Vakunth and went to King Bali’s palace to protect his kingdom because Bali was great devotee of him. But, this activity was unaccepted by the Goddess Lakshmi, so she went to Bali and made him brother by tying a rakhi. In return, Bali asked her wish then she said that please, let God Vishnu go from your palace. Bali accepted her request and allowed Vishnu Ji to go from there. Since then, the tradition of calling sisters at brother’s home at this festival started forever.

Story of Krishna and Draupadi

One of the famous stories is of Krishna and Draupadi. Once, Krishna’s finger cut during fight with Shishupal (an evil king) then Draupadi immediately tore off a piece of her sari and wrapped on Krishna’s finger. Due to this sisterly loving act, Krishna felt in dept and promises to rescue her from any difficulty. So, when Draupadi needed cloth during “Cheerharan”, she pray to Lord Krishnna to save her from that shameful activity. Then Krishna came and gave her unlimited sari.

Another historical story of Alexander and Porus

When Alexander attacked on India in time period of 326 BCE then his wife mail a sacred thread to king of Kaikeya Porus and ask him not to harm her husband in battle field. Porus understood his responsibility and promised her not to harm her husband, Alexander. So, when he was in front of Alexander in battle field, he assured that personally he will not attack him.

Ritual of Raksha Bandhan

The preparation of this famous festival starts from many days before as markets in India became full of Rakhis, gifts and sweets during this raksha bandhan period. Generally, sisters buy rakhi or sometime they make it themselves for their brothers. They dress up nicely in the morning; prepare “pooja thal” with Deepak, Roli, Chawal, sweet and Rakhi. Firstly sisters tie rakhi around her brother’s wrist and do tilak on forehead, do aarti and then make wish of well being, good health, long life, prosperity and wealth for brothers. They also get in return some exciting gifts, surprises and commitment of unconditional protection whenever required in future.

Places where this festival is celebrated:

This ritual is followed in all parts of India with different communities and also all over the world where non resident Indians resides. Yet the festival is celebrated all over the world where NRIs are living but after India Nepal is the place where this festival is primarily observed. In Nepal, the festival of “Shravan Purnima” is also known as “Janaue Purnima”. On that day, senior members of the family tied a thread on every member’s wrist and also change their “Janeu” and enjoy by eating special food called Kwati (soup of seven grains).


Today, each and every person is so much involved in their own life so that they could not get time for their family and friends. This cultural festival helps us to realize the importance of our close ones. Raksha Bandhan is festival of brother and sister which brings both under one roof once in a year. It is a way to show feeling of love and care towards each other by performing some ritual things.

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