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Organ donation Essay

People are getting more conscious about their surroundings and plight and suffering of other human beings, expressing their solidarity and concern every now and then. One of the methods of expressing solidarity towards another human being suffering in pain is through organ donation. Organ donation is catching up as a new trend the world over, with many prominent personalities from the fields of sports, cinema, politics, and renowned scientists donating their vital organs posthumously.

Long Essay on Organ Donation in English Language

The following Essay is written keeping in mind the requirement of anyone looking for a long essay on Organ donation. This essay elaborates the meaning as well as significance of Organ donation and its effect on the life of the recipient. You can choose this Organ Donation essay as per you requirement.

Long Essay on Organ Donation (1150 Words)


Organ donation basically involves the donation of human organs like kidney, lever, eyes and sometimes even heart, from a donor to another person who is fighting to survive with a damaged or defunct organ. Organ donation is carried out under strict medical supervision and involves a legal agreement between the donor and recipient.

Need for Organ Donation

People are getting more conscious about the pain and suffering felt by other humans.  A rise in the level of education is also responsible for the catching up trend of organ donation. In previous years, people were skeptical about donating their organs, because of their belief in hoaxes like after life, life after death. But, with more and more people being educated, such old beliefs and myths are fading away.

Organ donation is the best way to express one’s concern for another fellow human struggling to survive in absence or disfunction of a vital organ. Anyone even in prime of his health could choose to donate his/her organs like eyes, liver, kidney etc in event of their natural or unnatural death, be it today or years later, to someone on the death bed or in dire need of these organs to survive through life.

The organs that you decide to donate today, after your death can give a blind man opportunity to see the world with your eyes, could be a matter of life and death for an accident victim whose liver is damage or kidneys defunct. By donating your organs, you give birth to a new life, when your ends.

The relief that you will provide to the recipient and his/her family through organ donation can be easily imagined and even the thought of it makes you feel great.

Organ Donation is a New Trend

Many people the world over are willing to donate their organs upon their death, to someone completely unknown to them, as a pure act of selfless service. Some of the well known celebrities who have donated their organs are Natasha Richardson, Jerry Orbach, Dr. Rajkumar, Aishwarya Rai, and Amitabh Bacchan. Apart from celebrities many sportsmen and politicians from the world as well as India, have registered for organ donation.

Many prominent Indian cricketers like Gautam Gambhir, Vinod Kambli, Anil Kumble have pledged to donate their organs to various hospitals, to be used by a needy recipient giving him the gift of Life. With more and more people adding to it the list is getting longer each day, showing human’s growing concern for each other.


Procedure of Organ Donation

Organ donation is carried under strict medical supervision, either having mutual consent between the donor and recipient or the donor and a medical agency or a doctor, bestowed with the responsibility of finding the needy recipient.  If a person has given a legal consent for donating his organs, then in case of his death, the foremost responsibility of the middle agency is towards the preservation of donated organs.

In case of the donor’s demise, the agency should be immediately informed for carrying out timely surgical extraction of the organ and its preservation till it reaches the recipient. Eyes for example must be removed within four to six hours of the donor’s death by a registered medical practitioner though they can be used after 4 to 6 days depending on the method of preservation. In the same manner other organs like liver, kidney, heart etc need to be well preserved before they reach the recipient.

Significance of Organ Donation

Organ donation has huge social as well as medical significance. Social in a way that it expresses one’s solidarity or concern towards the plight of a fellow human being. Organ donation encourages social bonding and establishes an emotional bond between the donor and recipient and their families. By making a decision to donate his/her organs, the donor makes a decision that could change the life of a person (Recipient) or his family.

The whole process of organ donation is also beneficial for the Medical field as it has resulted in new techniques of organ preservation and to more research and development in the medical field. People are donating their organs for the research and development work in the field of medical technology leading to new technological advancements in the field of medicine and surgery.

Who can Donate?

Anyone can be an organ donor regardless of his/her age, religion or ethnicity.  The youngest child and the oldest man or woman fall in the category of deceased organ donors.


Types of Organ Donation

1)  Living Donation

In living donation, the donor donates a part of his organ like liver or kidney to the recipient, with no immediate threat to the life of donor. Advancements in medical technology have made it possible for a person to donate a health part of his liver or kidney and live a fruitful and healthy life. In most of the living donations, the donor is known to the recipient.

2) Non Living Donation

In non-living donation, the donor expresses his desire to donate his organs after his death and then gets into an agreement with concerned medical practitioner, or organization registered to carry out such activities. After the demise of the donor the responsibility of extracting the donated organ, preserving it and finding a needy recipient for its transplantation, lies with the middle agency.

3) Direct Donation

In direct donation the recipient of the organ is known to the donor. It is an act of sacrifice done by one person to save the life of a blood relative or a close friend or a significant other. In direct donation the donor decides to whom he is donating and agrees signs an agreement in this regard, clearly stating the name of and relation with the recipient. A direct donor could be a brother, sister, wife, mother, father or a close friend of the recipient.

4) Non Direct Donation

In non-direct donation, the donor does not know to whom he is donating. He only gets into an agreement with the authorized person or organization to donate his organs to a needy person, upon his death. Non direct donation is an act of selfless service performed by a person, towards another person in need.


Organ donation is an act of selfless service done by a person to save life of another by donating his organs after his death, sometimes it is done out of love by a relative or friend known to the recipient. Either way it’s an act of showing concern towards the life and plight of another human. Even after his demise the donor lives in the organs as well as thoughts of the family of the recipient he has helped.

The organ we decide to donate today can bring a smile on the face of a person later and save him from dying or a painful suffering. We must all get in touch with the concerned person or organization and get ourselves registered for organ donation.