Long Essay on Diwali

Diwali of Deepawali is a major Hindu festival celebrated in the month of October or November in Indian sub-continent. It commemorates the return of Rama to Ayodhya after defeating and killing Ravana. On this day Rama is believed to have arrived in Ayodhya along with Sita and Lakshman, after 20 days of killing Ravana. The day was Amavasya i.e. moonless, hence the people of Ayodhya, welcomed the trio by lighting earthen oil lamps (diyas) along their path. That is why Deepawali today is celebrated as the festival of lights.

Also there is custom for ritualistic veneration of Lakshmi and Ganesha for bringing prosperity and good omen over the house. Deepawali is a very significant Hindu festival celebrated over a span of five days. It begins on Dhanteras followed by Chhoti Diwali, Badi Diwali, Govardhan Pooja and Bhai Dooj respectively.

Long Essay on Diwali in English

We have provided below a long essay on Diwali/Deepawali in English for your knowledge and information. This essay is written in simple yet effective English language with all necessary facts and information.

Also, it is extremely easy to remember, making it presentable with ease. After going through this Diwali essay you will know when and why Diwali is celebrated, what is the significance of Diwali, how is it celebrated in different religions like Jainism, Sikhism etc, how people prepare for Diwali festival, celebration of Diwali in foreign countries, its spiritual, economical and mythological significance etc.

You can use this essay in your school/college events during the festival, like speech giving, debate or essay writing competition.

Diwali Essay – Long Essay (2200 Words)


The festival of Deepawali is a festival of happiness and prosperity. It is the biggest five-day festival celebrated by Hindus. The festival of Diwali is celebrated in every state of India and also in abroad. On this day, despite the dark night of Amavasya, the whole of India is illuminated with light.

The festival of Diwali signifies the victory of truth over untruth and the victory of light over darkness. Not only it is a symbol of religious faith but it also has social, spiritual, mythological, historical and economic importance.

Diwali is celebrated with great pomp and gaiety by people of Hinduism as well as presently others. On the day of Diwali, everyone forgets their pain and celebrates this festival with happiness.

When it Falls?

This holy festival of Diwali is celebrated on the day of Kartik Krishna Amavasya according to the Hindu calendar.

History of Diwali Festival in Different Cultures of India

  • In Hinduism

The festival of Deepawali is being celebrated in India since ancient times, the history of this festival is considered different from different states, but most people believe that when Lord Rama returned to Ayodhya after 14 years of exile, the people of Ayodhya lit lamps to welcome him and along the way every path of Ayodhya was decorated with flowers.

The day Lord Rama returned to Ayodhya was a dark night of Amavasya and so there was no visibility. To make it comfortable for their beloved prince to walk through the streets and also to welcome him, the people of Ayodhya lit up their houses and streets with oil lamps.

And this is also true because on this day, the whole of India keeps on shining with the light of earthen lamps and colourful electric lights even after the dark night of Amavasya.

  • In Jainism

The people of Jainism celebrate the festival of Deepawali because on this day, the twenty-fourth Tirthankara, Mahavir Swami had attained salvation on this day and incidentally his disciple Gautama had attained enlightenment.

  • In Sikhism

The people of Sikhism also celebrate this festival with great pomp and show because they celebrate the festival on the same day that the foundation stone of the Golden Temple was held in Amritsar in 1577, as well as the sixth Guru of the Sikhs; Hargobind Singhji was released from jail on this day.

Preparation of Diwali Festival

Preparations for the festival of Diwali are started in India a month in advance, because in India there are mostly people who believe in Hinduism, so this festival is their biggest festival. People are so eager about the preparations for this festival that they start cleaning their houses and establishments a month in advance.

People of Hinduism believe that if there is cleanliness in the house, then Goddess Lakshmi will arrive to their houses and bring happiness and prosperity. People get their houses painted before Diwali, as well as decorate their house and establishment with colorful lights and flowers.  The markets are packed with crowds and people are seen shopping everywhere.

To celebrate the festival of Deepawali, people buy new clothes for this day; children buy toys and crackers. This festival of Deepawali lasts for 5 days.

  • The first day is known as Dhanteras. On this day, people like to shop more and more, these people definitely bring some utensils to their house. Rich people also like to buy gold and silver jewelry on this day. People believe that shopping on this day brings happiness and blessing of goddess Lakshmi.
  • The second day of Deepawali is celebrated as Narak Chaturthi because on this day Lord Krishna killed the demon Narakasura. This day is also celebrated as Chhoti Diwali by some people. 5 lamps are lit outside the house on this day. According to the ancient tradition, on this day people put the lamp's mascara in their eyes; they believe that it does not spoil the eyes.
  • he third day is the main day of the Deepawali festival. On this day Goddess Lakshmi is worshiped along with Saraswati - Goddess of learning and Lord Ganesha. On this day, Rangoli is made in the house and a variety of sweets are made. On the day of Diwali, everyone worships Goddess Lakshmi in the evening. On this day, the house is illuminated by lighting lamps and tries to cover all the nook and corner.
  • Govardhan Puja is performed on the fourth day of Diwali because on this day Lord Krishna lifted the Govardhan Mountain on one of his fingers to save people from the torrential rain caused by Indra's anger. On this day, women perform traditional worship by keeping cow dung outside the house.
  • The last day of Diwali festival is celebrated as Bhai Dooj On this day, the sister ties Raksha Sutras to her brother as well as feeds sweets by applying tilak and in return, the brothers promise to protect them and also give them good gifts. This day is like some Rakshabandhan festival.

Importance of Diwali

The festival of Deepawali is important for all classes of people; it has been considered the biggest festival of Hinduism and celebrated in India with great joy and zeal by every sect of the community. Being the biggest festival, everyone's faith is associated with this time, this festival has all kinds of importance inside itself, and we have described its importance below -

  • Spiritual Significance

The spiritual significance of Diwali festival is very important. This festival is made up of many religious historical and stories. The foundation of this festival rests on the goodness, so whenever this festival comes, there is a different joy and faith in all the people.

The festival of Diwali is also celebrated with great fanfare by religions like Hindu, Jain, and Sikh etc. In all these religions, there has been some such incident on the day of Diwali, which light on darkness, knowledge on ignorance and hope on despair of good on evil.

  • Social Importance

The social significance of the festival of Diwali is also huge because people of all religions celebrate the festival together on this festival. On this day, all people worship and visit each other, due to which social harmony arises.

On Diwali, small children touch the feet of the elders and the elders bless them. On this day, people get so mixed with each other as if many colors have dissolved in each other, so the social importance of this festival also increases.

  • Economic Importance

On the festival of Diwali, Indian people shop eagerly and they carry all the comforts of their homes. Everyone carries gifts, gold-silver jewelry, utensils, ration items, clothes, sweets etc. to their homes. On this festival, people shop more than all the days of the year.

People of Hinduism believe that there is no shortage of any item in the house by shopping on this day. Therefore, there is more movement and more shopping in the markets on this day, due to which the income of the people increases.

The oldest economic importance behind the Diwali festival is linked to the fact that almost all the crops in India depend on the monsoon, so the summer crop is ready to ripen a few days before the festival, so farmers cut this crop and earns income by selling in the markets. Hence the economic importance of this time increases even more.

  • Historical Significance

Many historical events have happened on this day of Diwali festival, due to which the importance of this festival increases further.

  • On this day, Lord Rama returned to Ayodhya after deducting 14 years of exile and he was called Maryada Purushottam Sri Ram.
  • Goddess Lakshmi emerged on this day during the sea churning. She is known as the goddess of wealth, happiness and prosperity.
  • Swami Ramatirtha was born and his Mahaprayan happened on the day of Diwali. Arya Samaj was founded on the auspicious occasion of Deepawali.
  • On this day, Akbar, the greatest emperor of the Mughal society, started celebrating the Diwali festival by lighting a 40-foot-high sky lamp. Because of this, hatred of each other among the people of Hindu and Muslim religion was over.
  • On the day of Diwali in 1619, the sixth Sikh Guru Hargobind SinghJi was released from prison. Mahavir Swami attained salvation on this day.

Celebration of Diwali in Foreign Countries

  • Malaysia - Like India, a public holiday is declared in Malaysia on the festival of Diwali. Here, food is arranged for everyone by all people on this festival day and people enjoy good food and meet each other all day long. This festival of Diwali is celebrated as social harmony in Malaysia.
  • United States - More than4 lakh people of Indian origin are inhabited in United States as well, so the festival of Diwali is celebrated there with enthusiasm. In 2003, the festival of Diwali was celebrated for the first time in the White House of America. Since then almost the whole of America adopted this festival.
  • In Britain - A large amount of Indians live in Britain. Prince Charles has been involved in the celebration of Diwali many times. The festival of Deepawali is mainly celebrated at the Swaminarayan Temple in Britain.
  • Nepal - Nepal, the neighboring country of India, is a small country where the New Year is celebrated on the day of Diwali. In Nepal, Diwali is known as "Tihar" or "Swanti" and is also celebrated there for 5 days; on this festival people here do charity and feed animals and birds. People of Nepal believe that by doing charity on this day, the whole year is spent in prosperity. Being a neighboring country of India, Indian culture is also seen in Nepal. Here, Goddess Lakshmi is worshiped too.
  • Singapore - In Singapore, there is a gazetted holiday to commemorate the festival of Diwali. People of Tamil community of Indian origin live here, who celebrate the festival of Diwali with great pomp and show. Crowd is also seen in Singapore's markets on the festival of Deepawali.
  • Here, decorations is done like Indian markets. Cultural programs are also organized by the Singapore government.
  • Mauritius - About 44% of the population of this country is Indian people, due to which Hindu culture is seen on a large scale here. The Indian people along with the natives celebrate this festival like we celebrate in our country. There is a general holiday on this special day.
  • Sri Lanka - Sri Lanka also has a public holiday to commemorate the festival of Deepawali, where Tamil people of Indian origin live in large quantities, due to which one can get a glimpse of Indian culture here. Here too, Deepawali is celebrated with great fervor and on this day, Goddess Lakshmi is worshiped and candles and lamps are lit all around.

Diwali and Air Pollution

There are many types of losses caused by firecrackers and fireworks material in Diwali. These firecrackers contain magnesium, lead, zinc and toxic substances such as cadmium. Firecrackers cause many types of accidents.

Many times, flammable material explodes while making crackers in the factory. Every year many workers lose their lives. There are many disadvantages of playing with these firecrackers. Asthma and heart patients have trouble in breathing. In addition, young children also have difficulty in breathing.

Many children and older also get injured with firecrackers. There is also chance of fire in the neighborhood. These crackers release a lot of smoke and gases which cause air pollution. Therefore, the government is now prohibiting fireworks materials.

How to Celebrate Pollution Free Diwali

  • Do not play with crackers if possible.
  • Play with eco friendly crackers if necessary.
  • Do not fire loud sounding crackers at all as it is very likely to cause an accident.
  • Also stay away from high caliber crackers. This can cause major accidents.
  • Firecrackers should always be purchased from authorized licensed shops.
  • Stay away from cheap and Chinese firecrackers as they are very prone to accidents while driving.
  • Rockets should be used in open spaces.
  • Firecrackers should not be used near; they should be run from a distance.
  •  Asthma patients should stay away from firecrackers.

During fireworks, a lot of smoke and gas mixes into the atmosphere causing air pollution. That is why many people recommend not to burn crackers on Diwali. Lots of money is spent on firecrackers. If we give this money to a poor person, then the money will be worthwhile.

Epilogue -

This festival always inspires us to move forward. This festival teaches us that one should never be afraid of darkness because even the flame of a small lamp can turn darkness into light. Therefore, time should always be optimistic in life and one should always be happy in their life. The festival of Diwali is a symbol of cultural social harmony. This festival brings happiness in everyone's life, due to this festival, social unity remains in the people even today. Diwali is a festival of spreading love among people of all religions; this should be observed without discrimination from anyone.

!!!Wishing a Happy Diwali!!!