Long Essay on Bhai Dooj

The festival of Bhai Dooj is celebrated by Hindus on the second lunar day of Shukla Paksha (bright fortnight) in the Hindu month of Kartik. The day bears much similarity with Rakshabandhan celebrated in Savan month. In Bhai Dooj, married sisters observe a fast for their brothers and invite them for a feast of their liking. Usual aarti rituals as like in Rakshabandhan are performed by the sisters on their brothers.

After the aarti, brother gives the gift he has brought for his sister and settles down for the feast she has prepared. The festival commemorates the special bond of love and care between brother and sister. Sisters express their love for the brothers and the brothers assure their sisters of protection.

Long Essay on Bhai Dooj in English

We have provided below a long essay on Bhai Dooj in English for your information and knowledge.

This essay has been written in simple and effective language, based on facts and vital information on the subject. It is easy to memorize and extremely easy to present.

After going through the Bhai Dooj essay you will know when and why Bhai Dooj is celebrated, what are the customs followed on Bhai Dooj, what is the significance of Bhai Dooj, where is Bhai Dooj mainly celebrated etc.

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Bhai Dooj Essay – Long Essay (1200 Words)


There are many festivals in our Hindu religion and all have their own different significance. We celebrate these festivals with great joy and zeal. One of them is the festival "Bhaiya Dooj" which is considered to be a symbol of relationship. This festival has an important place in Indian society.

Bhai Dooj festival is celebrated in our country that resembles the love and affection of brother and sister. It is celebrated in the month of Kartik two days after Diwali. Brother visits to their sister’s home on this auspicious day to get the ‘Tilak’ and blessings of the sisters to become free from the fear of the death god Yamraj. It is believed that the ‘Tilak’ marked by sister, protects brothers from the accidental death and leads the path of heaven. On the date, a man who eats food from the hands of his sisters, according to the mythological belief, gets wealth with good food in his life.

When is Bhai Dooj Celebrated?

Bhai Dooj is a festival of affection and love of siblings. It is celebrated on the second day of the bright fortnight of Kartik month, in simple language; it is a tradition to celebrate this festival after the second day of Diwali.

Importance of Celebrating Bhai Dooj

In Hindu society, Bhai Dooj is considered a symbol of brother-sister relationship. It is a tradition to celebrate this festival with great enthusiasm. The significance of this festival is of utmost importance in terms of strengthening the relationships of siblings. For this, the sister ‘Tilak’ (a red mark on the forehead) her brother and wishes him a long life. The same brother also shows his love and affection by giving some gift to his sister.

Story of Celebrating Bhaiya Dooj

Many historical and mythological stories are found behind Bhai Dooj festival that is celebrated two days after Diwali. And these stories also depicts that this is an ancient festival that is being celebrated since a long period of time.

According to the mythology, there is a legend that the name of Lord Surya Narayan's (Sun God) wife was Chhaya. She gave birth to a son and a daughter named Yama and Yamuna. When Yamuna got married, Yamuna called her brother Yama to get food in her home. Yama rejected his sister's proposal many times; he started thinking that no one on this earth would want me to come to his house because I am Yamraj (the death God). But why does my sister still want to call me again and again.

But after thinking many times Yama went to his sister's house on the request of his sister. Before leaving, Yamraj freed all the people who were in the path from this sin and when he went to the sister's house, there was no place for the sister's happiness.

First of all, Yamuna took a bath and marked a Tilak on the forehead of her brother. All kinds of dishes that were prepared by Yamuna were served. After eating, when brother Yama started going, he offered a boon to his sister Yamuna that on this day, if the sister will bathe in Yamuna and provide food to her brother with the Tilak, then he and his brother should be well treated by Yamraj. Even fear will not be there. Since then, this festival has been named Yama Dwittiya also.

Bhai Dooj also has Many Other Names

Bhai Dooj is called by different names in different places in India.

  • It is called Bhai Dooj in northern regions and also known as Bhar-dwittiya in Mithilanchal in Bihar.
  • In Nepal, This festival is celebrated by the name of Bhai Tika.
  • Bengali community is called it Bhai Fota and is celebrated every year on the second day after Kali Puja.
  • In Marathi language this festival is said Bhau Beej or Bhav Bij amongst the Marathi, Gujarati and Konkani speaking people.
  • It is also known as Yama Dwittiya in north India.
  • Andhra Pradesh and Telangana region, it is known as Bhatru Dwittiya, Bhagini Hastha or Bhojanamu.
  • On this day Kayasth community in India celebrate Chitragupta Puja.

How is Bhai Dooj Celebrated?

This festival is similar to Rakshabandhan festival. In this, the Rakhi is tied on the wrist of her brother with offering sweets. The same happens in this festival. Just the Raksha Sutra is not tied by the sisters but by Tilak of kumkum (a red powder) is put on the forehead of brother.

On this day sisters invite her brothers for a meal. It is more important to prepare rice pudding or any other dish made up of rice on this very special day. The sisters keep a fast on this day and worship Lord Vishnu and Ganesha first. While putting the Kumkum on the forehead of brother, sisters wish that no mishap and trouble comes in his brother's life and that he should always progress and be happy. Brother also wishes the same and presents some gift to his sisters. This festival has an important place which strengthens the relationship of siblings.

Significance of Bhai Dooj Festival

Bhai Dooj festival has a great significance of the devotion of love and affection among the siblings. The objective of celebrating this festival is to maintain the relation between brothers and sisters in their whole life. But the story of Yama and Yamuna teaches us that relations are more important than work. However, we are busy in our life but we have to spare time for the relations on the special occasions like Bhai Dooj and others. By understanding the real sense of festivals we have to celebrate them with great joy and zeal every year.

Bhai Dooj Festival in Modern Time

In modern era, because of the busy schedule in everyone’s life there is no time for relation and the relations are going to be left in due course of time. But we should have to follow our traditions to safeguard our ancient culture which has a great respect for the world. We people are the world leader in term of tradition and culture and followed by other countries too. So we have to maintain them at any cost.

Whatever we are busy, we have to spare time for our near and dear ones especially on certain occasions because man is said to be a social animal, and it needs a society to live. Otherwise there is no difference remain in between human and animals.


It is not only a tradition to celebrate the festival of Bhai Dooj only to strengthen these relationships but to increase the strength and love and affection in these relationships. From childhood, the brother's sister's feelings of attention and love for each other are reflected, and this festival is made to show this love. Our country is such a beautiful and loving festivals showing love and affection in Indian people which would hardly be said. We never try to forget these festivals and try to maintain its real sense by celebrating them traditionally.