Long Essay on Bal Swachhata Abhiyan

Bal Swachhata Abhiyan was a five day long cleanliness drive by the Government of India. Launched on 14th November 2014 the scheme mainly targeted anganwadi centers and government schools across the country. The main objective was to inculcate clean habits and children and also to provide them a clean, healthy and safe environment. Though the Abhiyan was launched only for five days from 14th November to 19th November, it involved rigorous training and activities in schools.

Long Essay on Bal Swachhata Abhiyan in English

Below we have provided a long essay on Bal Swachhata Abhiyan in English. The essays have been written in simple English language to make them easily memorable so that you can recollect the information with ease when needed.

After going through the essay you will know about the mission launch and its objectives, the areas of cleanliness that the mission was designed to accomplish, the flagship campaign under which the mission was designed, themes of all the five days of Bal Swachhata Abhiyan etc.

You can use the information narrated in the essay in your school assignments and events like essay writing debates and speech giving competitions on Bal Swachhata Abhiyan or Swachh Bharat Abhiyan.

Bal Swachhata Abhiyan Long Essay (1100 Words)


Bal Swachhata Abhiyan was launched on 14th November 2014 as a part of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan. It was observed as a five day mission beginning on the birth anniversary of Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru i.e. children’s day on 14th November and concluding on the birth anniversary of former Prime Minister Smt. Indira Gandhi on 19th November same year.  The campaign was carried out in all the schools across the country, together by the education and health department.

The Launch of Bal Swachhata Abhiyan

Bal Swachhata Abhiyan was launched under the flagship campaign “Swachh Bharat Mission” or “Clean India Mission” launched on 2nd October 2014. Latter was launched for a five years period from 2nd Oct 2014 to 2nd October 2019.

The Bal Swachhata Abhiyan was launched by the Union Minister of Women and Child Development, Smt. Maneka Gandhi on 14th November 2014.

The mission was launched on the 150th birth anniversary of Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru and on Children’s Day to emphasize the role of children in its successful implementation.

A book prepared on Bal Swachhata Mission by National Institute of Public Cooperation And Child Development was also launched by the minister.

The Objectives of Mission

The mission’s main objective was to inculcate a sense of cleanliness and neatness among the school children and also to instill in them a sense of responsibility towards the environment. Some of the major objectives listed under the Bal Swachhata Abhiyan are as given below-

1) Making the Children Aware

The mission was all about making the children aware of cleanliness and its impact on health. They were also taught by the officials and health workers about several diseases caused due to unhygienic habits and unclean surroundings.

2) Inculcating Cleanliness in Children

It looked forward to inculcate cleanliness habit in children from a very early age. The government was of the belief that if the habit of cleanliness is inculcated at a young age then the children will follow it for live, eventually growing up into neat and tidy citizens.

3) Clean School and Surroundings

The objective of the mission wasn’t only to make children clean their schools and toilets, but also to inspire them to clean surrounding streets, fields and nearby human settlements. The basic idea was to instill a civic sense in the children.

4) Wider Participation

Another objective of Bal Swachhata Abhiyan was to include government as well as private institutions in the cleanliness drives and training programs. The education department had send advisory in this regard to all the government as well as private schools for their full participation.

5) Initiate a Societal Change through the Children

The Bal Swachhata Mission also saw children as the medium to bring a clean change in the society. A child inculcated with clean habits will do the job of making his/her family aware of the benefits of cleanliness. When a single child trained under the mission, goes back home, he/she will also persuade all the family members to follow the same habits.

6) Nutritional Information to Children

Under Bal Swachhata Mission children were also informed about their nutritional needs by the health professionals and officials. They were told about healthy foods, vegetables through videos, printed materials and power point presentations.

7) Providing Training

Children were also provided training to maintain neatness and personal hygiene. They were taught about how to properly wash the hands before meals, how to dispose of household garbage so that it doesn’t constitute littering.

8) Clean Anganwadi (AWC) Centers

One of the main objectives of the program was to provide a clean and hygienic environment to children and mothers in all the AWCs spanning across the country. Usually the children in AWCs are below six years and are the most vulnerable to disease and infections.

Themes of Bal Swachhata Abhiyan

The Bal Swachhata Abhiyan was a five day program with each day having its own specific theme. The themes of Bal Swachhata Abhiyan and the motive they entailed are given below-

  • Day 1, 14th November – Clean Schools/Surroundings and Play Area

Children were motivated to manually volunteer in cleaning their school campus, play area and the surroundings as well. They are told about the perils of living in a dirty environment and the health effects it causes.

  • Day 2, 15th November – Clean Food

Day 2 was instrumented to teach children about clean food and eating habits. They were told about various storage techniques and how to know if the food is rotten or waste. They were also told about the idle environment and cleanliness in which the food should be prepared.

  • Day 3, 17th November – Clean Self, Personal Hygiene, Child Safety

The third day of Bal Swachhata Abhiyan was dedicated to self cleanliness and personal hygiene. Children were provided training on several issues pertaining to personal hygiene and neatness. They were also provided training for their safety and safe social behaviour.

  • Day 4, 18th November – clean Drinking Water

The fourth day of Bal Swachhata Abhiyan was designed to inculcate in children the benefits and need for clean drinking water. They were told about the diseases caused by consumption of infected and impure water.

  • Day 5, 19th November – Clean Toilet

This was one of the most significant objectives of Bal Swachhata Abhiyan. One of the main objectives of its flagship campaign (Swachh Bharat Abhiyan) is to make India open defecation free and construct 90 million toilets. Children were provided training on how to keep their toilets clean in school as well as in their houses and the need for it. 


Bal Swachhata Abhiyan was launched under the Swachh Bharat Mission with an objective to inculcate clean and healthy habits in children and also to provide them a clean and healthy growth environment. Children are the future of a nation and if they are healthy and value cleanliness then only the nation could think of making progress.

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