Essay on Gandhi Jayanti

2nd October, the birth date of our Nation’s Father “Mahatma Gandhi” is celebrated every year as National Festival with lots of enthusiasm and referred as “Gandhi Jayanti”. In our country, only three special days are declared as National festival, these are Independence Day on 15 august, Republic Day on 26 January and Gandhi Jayanti on 2nd October.

Short and Long Essay on Gandhi Jayanti in English

Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated in India on 2nd October to commemorate the birth of Mahatma Gandhi, the torchbearer of India’s freedom struggle.

Also called as The Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi was a great Indian leader and freedom fighter who fought tirelessly for complete independence or “Purna Swaraj” strictly adhering to his policies of non violence and truth.

We are here providing essays on Gandhi Jayanti in two categories “Long essay on Gandhi Jayanti” and “Short Essay on Gandhi Jayanti” with different word counts.

Short Essay on Gandhi Jayanti

In this category, three essays are provided with different counts of 100 words, 200 words and 300 words. Students of class second to twelve can take benefit of these essays as they get school assignments for writing essay or preparing speech on this famous topic of Gandhi Jayanti.

Gandhi Jayanti Essay 1 (100 words)

Mahatma Gandhi, the father of Nation is world famous personality as the symbol of Truth, Peace, Non-Violence and simplicity. His full name was Mohan Das Karam Chand Gandhi, who was born in small city of Gujarat, Porbandar on 2nd October 1869. We celebrate his birthday every year on 2nd October as National Festival and call it as “Gandhi Jayanti”.

On this auspicious day, Gandhi Jayanti celebration is performed at Rajghat “the Memorial of Mahatma Gandhi” where he was cremated. VIPs of our country offer flowers on the cremated place of Bapu and his favourite devotional song “Raghupati Raghav Raja Ram” is usually sung in his memory.

Gandhi Jayanti Essay 2 (200 words)

Gandhi Jayanti, the national festival of India is celebrated on 2nd October in all our country due to the occasion of the birthday of our father of Nation “Mahatma Gandhi”. Mahatma Gandhi is the great personality who has significant role in the fight for freedom from British rule.

He was strictly against Lie, Violence, Non-vegetarianism, and discrimination among people. Mahatma Gandhi’s full name was Mohan Das Karam Chand Gandhi. He was born on 2nd October 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat and died on 30 January 1948 due to attack by a Hindu Nationalist Nathu Ram Godse.

The occasion of Gandhi Jayanti is declared as “International day of Non-Violence” by the United Nations General Assembly in 2007. In our country, we celebrate this auspicious day by organizing special event at RajGhat (the Mahatma Gandhi’s Memorial) in New Delhi, where head personalities of country gather, do prayer services, pay homage and offer bunches of flowers on the cremated place of Mahatma Gandhi.

We, the citizen of India, remember our Bapu by singing his all time favourite devotional song “Raghu Pati Raghav Raja Ram Patit Pavan Sita Ram”. In his honour, the day is declared as Gazetted holiday and all the schools, colleges and organizations remain closed at this day.

Gandhi Jayanti Essay 3 (300 words)

The legend Mahatma Gandhi

Gandhi Jayanti the birth date of Mahatma Gandhi (Father of the Nation) is celebrated as National Festival all across the country as well as declared as “International Day of Non Violence” all over the world. Mahatma Gandhi has proved himself as great freedom fighter, huge supporter of Non Violence, truth, peace, simple living high thinking, vegetarianism and fearlessness.

For making our country independent from British Rule, Mahatma Gandhi has played various key roles. It was only Mahatma Gandhi’s believe that we can get freedom by following the way of truth and non-violence.

How do we Celebrate Gandhi Jayanti

The birthday of Mahatma Gandhi and Pt. Lal Bahadur shashtri (who was also a great freedom fighter of Non-independent India) falls on the same day. Thus we celebrate double birthday on this auspicious day of 2nd October. On this occasion of National Festival, we celebrate it in different ways.

Celebration at RajGhat

On 2nd October, our country’s President, Prime minister and several political leaders gather at RajGhat “The Memorial of Mahatma Gandhi”, where they do prayer meetings, pay homage to the statue of Bapu and offer flowers on the cremated place of “Mahatma Gandhi”. The famous devotional song of “Raghupati Raghav Raja Ram” is sung in the memories of Mahatma Gandhi as it was his favourite song.

Celebration at Schools and Colleges

This National festival Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated across the country in several ways like various major schools and colleges organise cultural events and programs on this special day. Students prepare plays and drama for describing a brief story on the life of Bapu, narrate a speech on Mahatma Gandhi and Pt. Lal Bahadur Shashtri and also present their own view. Small children dress up like Mahatma Gandhi and Lal Bahadur Shahtri to remember and tribute them in their own way.

Long Essay on Gandhi Jayanti

In this section, we have provided detailed information on the life of the great leader of nation “Mahatma Gandhi” along with types of celebration on Gandhi Jayanti across the country. Two types of essays are given here for describing important information related to Gandhi Jayanti under word counts of 400, 600 and 800; that can be beneficial for all age group people having different purposes.

Gandhi Jayanti Essay 4 (400 words)


One of the three national festivals of India is the birth date of great legend of country “Mahatma Gandhi”. We referred this day as Gandhi Jayanti and celebrate it on 2nd October every year. Mahatma Gandhi shares his birthday with the second prime minister of India pt. Lal Bahadur Shastri. To pay tribute and give honour to the great person and freedom fighter of our country, we celebrate this auspicious day with high enthusiasm in various organizations, firms, colleges and schools situated in different parts of our country.

About Mahatma Gandhi

Mohan Das Karam Chand Gandhi was the full name of Mahatma Gandhi and he was born in 1869 in Hindu merchant caste family of Gujarat. He was a barrister by profession. His whole life was full of struggle in manner to provide us an independent India. He was the great political leader and freedom fighter. We can never forget his struggle and hard works made to make our country free from British Rule by using the way of Truth, Peace and Non-Violence.

Mahatma Gandhi named his non-violent resistance against British Rule as “Satyagrah Movement”. Like “Satyagrah movement” many other protest was done by mahatma Gandhi, those are “Dandi March” in 1930 along with “Quit India Movement” or “India August Movement” in 1942 was the prime weapon of Mahatma Gandhi to make India free from Britishers. Due to these activities, he got arrested many times for many years. Finally on 15 august 1947 India got independence from the British Empire.

On 30 January 1948 Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated by a Hindu Nationalist Nathu Ram Godse, who was also a member of Hindu Mahasabha. Mahatma Gandhi was fired three times at chest by him from a close distance and left this country with full of sorrow forever.

Celebration in India on Gandhi Jayanti

Mahatma Gandhi was the prominent leader with spiritual personality, had big courage to get our country free from British Empire. To give honour and tribute to our country’s great legend Mahatma Gandhi, government has declared National Festival and Gazetted Holiday on this date of 2nd October. Various events are organized on 2nd October like arts and science exhibitions, plays and act at different organizations or colleges, commemorative gathering, speech narrations etc.


Our country’s head people like prime minister, president of India and other politicians or leaders gather at Rajghat (The Memorial of Mahatma Gandhi) to pay tribute to our father of nation by prayer services, paying homage, offering flowers on the cremated place of Mahatma Gandhi. Mahatma Gandhi’s all time preferred devotional song ‘Raghu Pati Raghav Raja Ram’ is sung on this day in the memory of Bapu.

Gandhi Jayanti Essay 5 (600 words)


In India, some of the personalities are there which can never be forgotten and can never be compared with any other person. One of the great personalities of them is “Mahatma Gandhi”; we also call him as “Father of Nation” or “Bapu”. He was the great legend, who makes our country free from British rule by using his own way of Truth and Non-violence.

In India, to give tribute to our Nation’s Father “Mahatma Gandhi”, his birth date 2nd October is celebrated as “Gandhi Jayanti” every year. Government has declared it as one of the three National festivals of India like 15 august “Independence Day”, 26 January “Republic day” and 2nd October “Gandhi Jayanti”.

Brief Description about Mahatma Gandhi

Several books, magazines and movies are based on the story of Mahatma Gandhi; we are here providing a brief description on the life of Bapu, who was “a true freedom fighter”.

Mohan Das Karam Chand Gandhi was the original name of Mahatma Gandhi. He was born in a Hindu family in Porbandar, Gujarat on 2nd October 1869. His Father name was Karamchand Gandhi who was also a political figure. His mother name was Putlibai, she was a religious lady. At the age of 13, he got married with “Kastoorba Gandhi”.

Since his childhood, he was too much honest and truth lover. He completed his study of law from London and practiced from South Africa. He lived in South Africa for 21 year during his Law practice. In South Africa, he had to face discrimination among coloured people.

One day he was thrown off a train at Pietermaritzburg as he was not allowed to move from first class compartment. He protest against this act and was allowed next day to move via first class. Many other such incidents happened with Gandhi in South Africa and then he decided to extend his time to stay there for the sake of other Indians residing there in order to raise a voice against discrimination.

In 1915, Gandhi returned to India at the request of Gopal Krishna Gokhle, who was the leader of congress party. Gandhi joined the congress party and took the leadership in 1920. Gandhi played an important and insignificant role in getting independence of our country from British Empire by introducing the way of Non Violence and Truth. He was the great supporter of Truth, Peace, Nonviolence, Vegetarianism etc.

He was the example of simple living and high thinking. During his war with britishers for the freedom of India, he applied various protest with different names, like “Satyagrah movement” in 1930, “Dandi March” in 1942 against the tax on salt and “Quit India Movement or August Kranti movement” in 1942 with a speech of “Do or Die” to demand the end of British rule in India. At last on 15 august 1947 British Empire had to end their rule in India.

On 30 January 1948 Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated by a Hindu Nationalist Nathu Ram Godse. He fired three bullets on chest of Bapu from a close range and spread the sorrow and darkness all across the country.

Where and how do we Celebrate Gandhi Jayanti

Though, Birthday celebration of our father of nation occurs all across the country, it is celebrated mainly at two places; one is where Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated (that place is known as “The Martyr’ Column at Gandhi Smriti”) and second is “Rajghat” where he was cremated in New Delhi. To tribute our nation’s father, the day of Gandhi Jayanti has declared as Gazetted holiday. On 2nd October, we also celebrate the birthday of our nation’s second Prime Minister Pt. Lal Bahadur Shastri. Various celebration types take place for celebrating this National Festival:

  1. At Rajghat, prayer services, paying homage in front of Bapu’s statue with offering of bunches of flower on the cremated place of Mahatma Gandhi by the leaders and politicians.
  2. Exhibition for art and science is organized on that day of Gandhi Jayanti.
  3. Grand events are organized in major colleges, governmental or non-governmental organizations for celebrating this auspicious day.
  4. There is official ban on sale of Alcohol all across the country on 2nd October, as he was strictly against alcohol and non vegetarianism.
  5. Movies based on the story of Mahatma Gandhi are telecasted on this day.
  6. Favourite devotional song of Mahatma Gandhi “Raghu pati Raghav Raja Ram” is played and sung on this day to remember our great legend Mahatma Gandhi.

Gandhi Jayanti Essay 6 (800 Words)


Born on 2nd October 1869 in a Hindu Baniya family, Gandhi was a shy kid with not many activities. However, his Mother’s inclination towards religion had a great influence on him which later reflected in his life.

He was deeply moved by the stories of Shravan Kumar and Satyavadi Raja Harishchandra, which framed his moral character, and explains his devotion to truthful and non violent methods. Gandhi Jayanti is observed as a National Holiday with all the Government, semi Government or Private Institutions declaring a Day’s holiday to remember the “Great Soul”.

Liquor shops all over the Country remain closed on Gandhi Jayanti and people abstain from drinking alcohol or eating meat to as a mark of respect to Mahatma Gandhi. United Nation on 15th June 2007 adopted a resolution which declared 2nd October to be celebrated as The International Day of Non violence. Many events are organized, Students march on streets with banners and leaflets, appealing to the people to follow the path of truth and non violence.

Why is Gandhi Jayanti Important?

Gandhi was the torchbearer of Indian freedom struggle, against the oppressive regime of British Empire. Gandhi’s persistent protests for independence, strictly adhering to truth and non violence had made British Empire realize that their days in Indian sub continent are over and they were forced to grant total independence to Indian people.

Gandhi’s method of peaceful protest, allowed every Indian to take part in the freedom struggle, no matter from which religion, caste or social background they belonged to.

All his life, Gandhi fought for the rights of farmers and poor sections of society, oppressed by unfair tax rules or revenue collection system imposed by the colonial regime. He was the forerunner for a number of movements, like The Champaran Movement, Khilafat Movement, Dandi March, Quit India Movement etc.

It was only under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi, that India was united and achieved Independence on 15th August 1947. It therefore becomes our duty to commemorate this great Freedom fighter on his birth anniversary and remember his teachings.

How is Gandhi Jayanti Celebrated?

  • In National Capital Delhi

On 2nd October every year, prayers are said and tributes are given to the Mahatma Gandhi, at Gandhi memorial in Rajghat where he was cremated.  The President and Prime Minister of India are also present to pay their respect to the great soul.

All the prominent leaders from the ruling or opposition parties are also present on the occasion. People are found singing Gandhi’s favorite Bhajan “Raghupati Raghav Rajaram”. Statues of Mahatma Gandhi are decorated with Garlands and Flowers and meetings held to remember his methods of peace and non violence.

  • In Schools and Colleges

Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated with much enthusiasm, in all the sates and Union Territories of India. Students from all the schools throughout India take active part in Gandhi Jayanti celebrations, showing a mixed feeling of Nationalism and Patriotism.

Many fun competitions like drawing, speech competitions are organized to let the children express their thoughts and values. Stage plays are organized by the student’s portraying the teachings of Gandhi and his methods of truth and non-violence.

Small children are seen dressed as Gandhi and reciting “Raghupati Raghav Rajaram”, his favorite bhajan. Stalls selling food items and confectioneries for small children are erected by the school management. Children and teachers also take to cleaning the school premises as a mark of respect to Gandhi, who had said that” the way to an independent Nation goes through a clean Nation”.

In Gandhi’s opinion cleanliness was more important than freedom. Children are educated about and are encouraged to follow the paths of truth and nonviolence.

  • In Offices

Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated across the entire private as well as Government offices of India with much enthusiasm, displaying a feeling of Nationalism. The statue or portrait of Mahatma Gandhi is garlanded, to pay respect to him.

People sing “Raghupati Raghav Rajaram” and give speeches about Gandhi’s contribution in providing independence to India also stating his strict adherence to truth and applying non violent methods to gain Independence for India. Sweets are also distributed on the occasion; employees take to cleaning their office premises and roads, to display their respect for Gandhi and his emphasis on cleanliness.


Gandhi was the greatest champion of Democracy, as he fought tirelessly for decades to bring law of Self Rule to India. His policies of truth and non violence are recognized the world over and he is seen as a National Champion of democracy, even in South Africa. We must cling to the ideals of Gandhi and follow the path of truth and non-violence.

Related Information:

10 Lines on Mahatma Gandhi

10 Lines on Gandhi Jayanti

10 Lines on Mahatma Gandhi's Educational Philosophy

Mahatma Gandhi Essay

More Information:

National Festivals Celebration in Schools Essay

National Festivals of India Essay

Importance of National Festivals of India Essay