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Paragraph on Air Pollution

Life on Earth is possible as a result of the presence of certain fundamental natural elements such as air, water and land. We have been hearing this all along that without any of these we won’t survive. Air is responsible for efficiently carrying out our respiratory mechanism. We simply cannot escape air as it is present everywhere around us. The proper proportion of various gases in the air is responsible for our survival.

You will find below a number of short and long paragraphs on Air Pollution. We hope these Air Pollution paragraphs will help students in completing their school assignments. These will also help children to write and read out paragraphs with simple words and small sentences. Students can select any paragraph on Air Pollution according to their particular requirement.

Long and Short Paragraphs on Air Pollution

Air Pollution Paragraph - 100 words

Air pollution refers to the addition of certain harmful and toxic substances to the atmospheric air in higher quantities. These include biological impurities, particulate matters and chemical gases. There are numerous ways by which air can get polluted such as burning fossil fuels, excessive use of automobiles, natural disasters such as volcano, using machines involving burning of coal among other things.

This contamination of air produces various adverse effects on the life of plants and animals along with deterioration of property. Urban areas are more prone to the pollution arising from use of automobiles as compared to the rural parts. Hence proper measures have to be initiated to ensure good health and environment.


Air Pollution Paragraph - 150 words

Air is one of the most basic needs for our survival and one cannot possibly live in the absence of air as it is required for several important mechanisms. However, the growing urbanization and industrialization have led to excessive and irreversible contamination of air. This contamination involves the addition of harmful chemical gases and particulate matters which lead to the phenomenon of air pollution.

The contaminated air arising from industrial plants, burning kilns, automobiles, etc keeps spreading at different places and leads to various health defects such as problem in breathing, allergies and more. Apart from the anthropogenic factors, certain natural substances also lead to air pollution such as pollens, particulate matter arising from volcanoes, dust particles, etc.

We as the residents of the planet have to step forward and take up the initiative of doing the needful in order to protect the environment and create a better place to live for the coming generations.


Air Pollution Paragraph - 200 words

Air pollution refers to the deterioration in the quality of the air by the addition of harmful chemical gases, particulate matter, dust, etc. This pollution of air around us is causing more harm to us than we can imagine. These contaminants arise from numerous sources such as industries, eruption of volcanoes, kilns, etc.

Sources of Air Pollution

The sources which contribute to the pollution of atmosphere can be divided into two categories, namely, man-made sources and natural sources.

  • Man Made Sources

The excessive use of automobiles leads to increased volumes of gases like carbon dioxide (CO2), sulphur dioxide (SO2), Carbon monoxide (CO) and numerous other gases which further contaminate the atmosphere.

The burning of solid fuel in blast furnaces leads to the emission of the oxides of that fuel.

Overpopulation is an indirect cause of the stimulation of air pollution. As the population of an area increases demands for transportation of people and goods increases which produces a significant effect on the pollution levels of an area.

  • Natural Sources

Various particulate matters arise from the volcanic activity and remain suspended in air which results in long term respiratory issues.

The dust arriving from places with little or no vegetation further adds up to the atmospheric pollution.


Air Pollution Paragraph - 250 words

Fresh and contaminant free air is crucial for the proper functioning of our bodies and hence for our survival. It is one of the most important natural elements. The contamination of this resource is lethal for organisms on earth along with property. There are various types of particulate matters and chemical gases responsible for the enhancement of the contamination of air.

Types of Air Pollution

Air pollution can be broadly classified into two categories, namely - Indoor Air Pollution and Outdoor Air Pollution.

Indoor Air Pollution

Indoor air pollution is referred to as the contamination of air in a confined area such as a building or a room. The pollution of air in an indoor space poses certain health threats. It arises from combustion of cooking fuels, cigarette smoke, etc.

Unavailability of a proper ventilation system in homes and offices further enhances the negative effects of indoor air pollutants.

Outdoor Air Pollution

Unlike indoor air pollution, outdoor pollution poses both high environmental and health problems. The outdoor air pollution includes both natural and anthropogenic pollutants such as particulate matter from volcanic eruption, pollens, sulphur dioxide, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxide and various others. Many of the outdoor pollutants have a direct effect in the deterioration of the air quality.

As one cannot escape air, similarly one cannot escape air pollution both indoors and outside. Thus we need to take preventive and curing measures to reduce the contamination of air in order to maintain good health and protect the environment.


Air Pollution Paragraph - 300 words

Air pollution comes into existence when the concentration of certain chemical and particulate matter increases beyond the desired concentrations and it leads to the deterioration of the quality of air as a whole. One is easily exposed to polluted air as it is everywhere and easily diffuses. Unlike dirty water, dirty air cannot be easily avoided.

Air Pollution Disasters

At certain times air pollution reaches some extreme dangerous levels which leads to advanced problem popularly known as “air pollution disasters”.

  1. Bhopal Gas Tragedy

The Bhopal gas leak incident in 1984 was regarded as one of the worst industrial disasters. It involved leak of Methyl Isocyanate gas from UCIL (Union Carbide India limited), a pesticide factory. Thousands of people were exposed to this gas and died, several others were permanently disabled.

  1. London Smog

The London Smog in 1952 was a severe air pollution disaster which continued for several days. It was a result of the accumulation of air pollutants arising from automobiles and industries along with specific environmental conditions which led to the formation of smog. Visibility was lowered drastically and the respiration of this smog led to the death of several people in the city.

  1. 1948 Donora Smog

The 1948 smog accumulation in Donora resulted in various health problems in the residents of the smog affected area. The emissions from steel and zinc plants were major contributors to the formation of deadly smog. The smog continued for several days and could’ve done a greater damage if it hadn’t rained after some days.

The air pollution disasters occur when the concentration of certain pollution causing gases reach extreme limits and certain favourable environmental conditions prevail. These episodes cause great harm to the people living in close proximity. At the times of these episodes, deaths and severe respiratory problems are common. The emissions of smog causing gases should be properly controlled to avoid such disastrous conditions.


Air Pollution Paragraph - 350 Words

Today, we live in an era of industrialization and technology. Our lives have become highly comfortable because of all kinds of devices at our aid. All this progress and industrialization comes with its own downsides which is pollution of precious natural elements. Every activity that we do in our daily life creates some bad effects on our environment. One such adverse effect is observed on the atmosphere. Certain contaminants from various sources contribute to the deterioration in the quality of the air.

Preventive Measures for Air Pollution

The government has taken various steps to reduce the effects of air pollution by adopting certain useful policies.

  1. Adopting renewable energy sources – As we have read since childhood, India has enormous potential for wind and solar energy. The government of India has initiated various projects for harnessing the wind and solar energy in the country. These reduce the burden on coal reserves to meet the energy requirements. It also benefits environment as these are clean fuels and do not emit any kind of toxic residues.
  2. Development of Public Transport - Various projects for the development and working of public transportation systems have been established. Intra city buses have been put into use, metros have been started in various major cities and train routes have been maximised. This way people are encouraged to use public transport instead of individual vehicles.
  3. Subsidies - The government provides subsidies to many industries and NGOs that work towards the protection of environment. There are special benefits available for people who decide to set up plants for the generation of renewable energy. These benefits and perks often inspire people to come forward and do well for the society and the environment.

EPA is working towards the protection of environment in several ways. The developments in the fields of science and technology are being efficiently used in finding ways to minimize air pollution and its effects on human health. The huge efforts made by various entities can only generate desired results if we as citizens of the country come together and do everything we can on an individual level to reduce the emission of air pollutants which are the root cause of the phenomenon.


Air Pollution Paragraph - 400 words

Air is an important natural element which is extremely crucial for our survival on the planet. In the ancient times, natural elements like land, air and water were worshiped and protected. During recent times, the stimulation of industrialization and urbanization has led to the deterioration in the quality of natural resources available to us. Air pollution is referred to as the presence of harmful gases and particulate matter in the atmosphere in higher concentrations.

Air Pollutants

Air pollutants are the substances whose presence in certain undesirable quantities in the atmosphere leads to the phenomenon of Air Pollution. These pollutants can be both anthropogenic (man-made) and natural.

Some common air pollutants are as follows:

  1. Carbon Monoxide (CO) - These pollutants arise by the incomplete combustion of carbon in fuels such as oil, wood, coal etc. It usually arises from automobile engines and is lethal to human health.
  2. Sulphur dioxide (SO2) – Sulphur dioxide is an extremely toxic gas and it usually arises by the combustion of sulphur element containing fuels. Volcanic activities are also a major contributor to the sulphur dioxide concentrations.
  3. Particulate Matter – These are minute particles such as dust, ash, etc. A long exposure to this type of pollutant can lead to lung disorders as they can easily enter our respiratory tract due to their microscopic size.

The above stated pollutants undergo further reactions with other gases and particles present in the atmosphere and more pollutants are formed.

Steps To Be Taken On Individual Level

There are various ways in which we as citizens of the country can help reduce the lethal effects of air pollution. A major contributor to air pollution is the usage of automobiles. We can reduce this by carefully choosing our daily commute. We should make more use of public transport and car pools. These may seem little and insignificant steps, but when taken into practice by large number of people for longer time can produce significant results.

Along with this, we should use cleaner fuels and keep the engines properly in check to avoid wastage of fuel. Smoking of cigarettes contributes a bigger deal to the air pollution than we think. By controlling these actions we can efficiently help reduce air pollution at an individual level.

There are numerous ways in which the concentration and emission of these pollutants can be curbed. The exponential growth of science and technology can provide efficient answers to the problem of air pollution and hence a better atmosphere can be provided to our future generations.